Parker Hannifin Corporation
10-K on 08/26/2020   Download
SEC Document
SEC Filing
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                          to                         
Commission File No. 1-4982
PARKER-HANNIFIN CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio
34-0451060
(State or other jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
6035 Parkland Boulevard,
Cleveland,
Ohio
44124-4141
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (216) 896-3000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of Each Exchange
on which Registered
Common Shares, $.50 par value
 
PH
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    
Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
Accelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated Filer
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.       
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.   
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
The aggregate market value of the outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant as of December 31, 2019: $26,292,325,769.
The number of Common Shares outstanding on July 31, 2020 was 128,561,616.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Definitive Proxy Statement for the Company’s 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, to be held on October 28, 2020, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
Item 15.
 
 
 





1

Table of Contents

PARKER-HANNIFIN CORPORATION
FORM 10-K
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2020
PART I

ITEM 1. Business. Parker-Hannifin Corporation is a leading worldwide diversified manufacturer of motion and control technologies and systems, providing precision engineered solutions for a wide variety of mobile, industrial and aerospace markets. The Company was incorporated in Ohio in 1938. Our principal executive offices are located at 6035 Parkland Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio 44124-4141, telephone (216) 896-3000. As used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms "Company", "Parker", "we" or "us" refer to Parker-Hannifin Corporation and its subsidiaries, and the term "year" and references to specific years refer to the applicable fiscal year.
Our investor relations website address is www.phstock.com. We make available free of charge on or through our website our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as soon as reasonably practicable after filing or furnishing those reports electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The information contained on or accessible through our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The Board of Directors has adopted a written charter for each of its committees. These charters, as well as our Global Code of Business Conduct, Corporate Governance Guidelines and Independence Standards for Directors, are posted and available on our investor relations website under the Corporate Governance page. Shareholders may request copies of these corporate governance documents, free of charge, by writing to Parker-Hannifin Corporation, 6035 Parkland Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio 44124-4141, Attention: Secretary, or by calling (216) 896-3000.
Our manufacturing, service, sales, distribution and administrative facilities are located in 38 states within the United States and in 48 other countries. We sell our products as original and replacement equipment through sales and distribution centers worldwide. We market our products through direct-sales employees, independent distributors and sales representatives. We supply products to approximately 464,000 customers in virtually every significant manufacturing, transportation and processing industry.
We have two reporting segments: Diversified Industrial and Aerospace Systems. During 2020, our technologies and systems were used in the products of these two reporting segments. For 2020, the Company's net sales were $13.7 billion. Diversified Industrial Segment products accounted for 80 percent and Aerospace Systems Segment products accounted for 20 percent of those net sales.
Markets
Our technologies and systems are used throughout various industries and in various applications. The approximately 464,000 customers who purchase Parker products are found in almost every significant manufacturing, transportation and processing industry. No single customer accounted for more than three percent of our total net sales for the year ended June 30, 2020.

2

Table of Contents

Diversified Industrial Segment. Our Diversified Industrial Segment sells products to both original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") and distributors who serve the replacement markets in manufacturing, packaging, processing, transportation, mobile construction, refrigeration and air conditioning, agricultural and military machinery and equipment industries. The major markets served by our Diversified Industrial Segment are listed below by group:
 
 
 
Engineered Materials Group:
•    Aerospace
 
•    Agriculture
 
•    Chemical processing
 
•    Construction
 
•    Defense
 
•    Information technology
 
•    Life sciences 

•    Microelectronics
 
•    Oil & gas
•    Power generation
•    Renewable energy
 
•    Telecommunications
 
•    Transportation
 
•    Truck & bus
 
 
 
Filtration
Group:
•    Agriculture
•    Aerospace & defense
•    Construction
 
•    Food & beverage
 
•    Heating, ventilation & air conditioning (HVAC)
 
•    Industrial machinery
 
•    Life sciences

•    Marine
 •    Mining
 •    Oil & gas
 •    Power generation
 •    Renewable energy
 •    Transportation
 •    Water purification

 
 
 
Fluid Connectors
Group:
•    Aerial lift
 
•    Agriculture
 
•    Bulk chemical handling
 
•    Construction
 
•    Food & beverage
 
•    Fuel & gas delivery
 
•    Industrial machinery
•    Life sciences
 
•    Marine
 
•    Mining
 
•    Mobile
 
•    Refrigeration and air conditioning
 
•    Renewable energy
 
•    Transportation
 
 
 
Instrumentation
Group:

•    Air conditioning
•    Alternative fuels
•    Analytical
•    Chemical
 
•    Diesel engine
•    Food & beverage 

•    Life sciences
•    Microelectronics
•    Oil & gas
•    Refining
•    Refrigeration
•    Transportation

 
 
 
Motion Systems
Group:
Mobile:
•    Agriculture
•    Construction
•    Marine
•    Material handling
•    Military
•    Transportation
•    Truck & bus
•    Turf
Industrial:
•    Distribution
•    General machinery 
•    Machine tool
•    Mining
•    Oil & gas
•    Power generation
•    Semiconductor

 






3

Table of Contents

Aerospace Systems Segment. Our Aerospace Systems Segment sells products primarily in the commercial and military aerospace markets to both OEMs and to end users for spares, maintenance, repair and overhaul. The major markets for products of the Aerospace Systems Segment are listed below:
•    Aftermarket services
•    Commercial transport aircraft
•    Engines
•    General & business aviation
•    Helicopters
 
•      Military aircraft
•     Missiles
•     Power generation (industrial gas turbines)
•     Regional transport aircraft
•     Unmanned aerial vehicles
 

Principal Products and Methods of Distribution
We offer hundreds of thousands of individual products, and no single product contributed more than one percent to our total net sales for the year ended June 30, 2020. Listed below are some of our principal products.
Diversified Industrial Segment. Our Diversified Industrial Segment products consist of a broad range of motion-control and fluid systems and components, which are described below by group:

Engineered Materials Group: sealing, shielding, thermal products and systems, adhesives, coatings and noise vibration and harshness solutions, including:
•    Active vibration control systems
•    Bearings & dampers
•    Coatings
•    Dynamic seals
•    Elastomeric mounts & isolators
•    Elastomeric o-rings
•    Electromagnetic interference shielding
•    Extrusion & fabricated seals
•    High-temperature metal seals


  





•    Homogeneous & inserted elastomeric shapes
•    Medical products fabrication & assembly
•    Metal & plastic composite bonded seals
•    Precision-cut seals
•    Rubber-to-substrate adhesives
•    Specialty chemicals 
•    Structural adhesives
•    Thermal management
•    Wireless sensing systems




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Filtration Group: filters, systems and diagnostics solutions to monitor and remove contaminants from fuel, air, oil, water and other liquids and gases, including:
•    Aerospace filters & systems
•    Air pollution control & dust collection systems & filters
•    Compressed air & gas treatment solutions
•    Engine fuel, oil, air & closed crankcase ventilation filtration systems
•    Filtration & purification systems
•    Fluid condition monitoring systems
•    Gas turbine air inlet filters
•    Heating, ventilation & air conditioning filters
•    Hydraulic & lubrication filters & systems
•    Industrial & analytical gas generators
•    Instrumentation filters
•    Membrane, fiber, & sintered metal filters
•    Natural gas filters
•    Process liquid, air & gas filters
•    Sterile air filters
•    Water purification filters & systems

Fluid Connectors Group: connectors, which control, transmit and contain fluid, including:
•    Check valves
•    Diagnostic and IoT sensors
•    Hose couplings
•    Hose crimpers
•    Industrial hose
•    Low pressure fittings & adapters
•    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hose & tubing
•    Quick couplings
•    Rubber & thermoplastic hose
•    Tube fittings & adapters
•    Tubing & plastic fittings

Instrumentation Group: high quality flow control solutions that are critical to a wide range of applications involving extreme corrosion resistance, temperatures, pressures and precise flow, including:
•    Accumulators
•    Analytical instruments & sample conditioning systems
•    Compressed natural gas dispensers
•    Cryogenic valves
•    Electronic valves
•    Emissions
•    Filter driers
•    Fluid system & control fittings, meters, valves, regulators, & manifold valves

•    Fluoropolymer chemical delivery fittings, valves & pumps
•    High pressure fittings, valves, pumps & systems
•    High-purity gas delivery fittings, valves & regulators 
•    Miniature valves & pumps
•    Natural gas on-board fuel systems
•    Pressure regulating valves
•    Refrigeration & air conditioning electronic controls & monitoring
•    Solenoid valves


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Motion Systems Group: hydraulic, pneumatic, and electromechanical components and systems for builders and users of mobile and industrial machinery and equipment, including:
Hydraulic Actuation:
•    Accumulators 
•    Coolers
•    Cylinders
•   Electrohydraulic actuators
•   Helical actuators
•   Rotary actuators
 Hydraulic Pumps & Motors:
•    Drive controlled pumps
•    Electrohydraulic pumps
•    Fan drives 
•    Gerotor pumps & motors
•    Integrated hydrostatic transmissions
•    Piston pumps & motors
•    Power take-offs
•    Screw pumps
•    Vane pumps & motors
Hydraulic and Electro Hydraulic Systems:
•    Cartridge valves
•    Hydraulic valves
•    Industrial valves
•    Mobile valves


Pneumatics:
•    Air preparation (FRL) & dryers
•    Grippers 
•    IO link controllers
•    Pneumatic cylinders
•    Pneumatic valves
Electronics:
•    Clusters
•    Controllers & human machine interfaces (HMI)
•    Drives (AC/DC Servo)
•    Electric actuators & positioners
•    Electric motors & gearheads
•    Electronic displays & HMI
•    IoT
•    Joysticks
•    Sensors
•    Software
Diversified Industrial Segment products include standard products, as well as custom products which are engineered and produced to OEM specifications for application to particular end products. Standard and custom products are also used in the replacement of original products. We market our Diversified Industrial Segment products primarily through field sales employees and approximately 16,400 independent distributor locations throughout the world.
Aerospace Systems Segment. Our Aerospace Systems Segment products are used in commercial and military airframe and engine programs and include:
•    Control actuation systems & components
•    Engine build-up ducting
•    Engine exhaust nozzles & assemblies
 
•    Engine systems & components
 
•    Fluid conveyance systems & components
•    Fluid metering, delivery & atomization devices
•    Fuel systems & components




•    Fuel tank inerting systems
•    Hydraulic systems & components
•    Lubrication components
•    Pilot controls
•    Pneumatic control components
•    Thermal management
•    Wheels & brakes



We market our Aerospace Systems Segment products through our regional sales organizations, which sell directly to OEMs and end users throughout the world.

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Competition
Parker operates in highly competitive markets and industries. We offer our products over numerous, varied markets through our divisions operating in 49 countries. Our global scope means that we have hundreds of competitors across our various markets and product offerings. Our competitors include U.S. and non-U.S. companies. These competitors and the degree of competition vary widely by product lines, end markets, geographic scope and/or geographic locations. Although each of our segments has numerous competitors, given our market and product breadth, no single competitor competes with the Company with respect to all the products we manufacture and sell.
In the Diversified Industrial Segment, Parker competes on the basis of product quality and innovation, customer service, manufacturing and distribution capability, and price competitiveness. We believe that we are one of the market leaders in most of the major markets for our most significant Diversified Industrial Segment products. We have comprehensive motion and control packages for the broadest systems capabilities. While our primary global competitors include Bosch Rexroth AG, Danaher Corporation, Danfoss A/S, Donaldson Company, Inc., Eaton Corporation plc, Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc., Emerson/ASCO, Festo AG & Co., Freudenberg-NOK, Gates Corporation, IMI/Norgren, SMC Corporation, Swagelok Company, and Trelleborg AB, none of these businesses compete with every group or product in our Diversified Industrial Segment.
In the Aerospace Systems Segment, we have developed relationships with key customers based on our advanced technological and engineering capabilities, superior performance in quality, delivery, service, and price competitiveness. This has enabled us to obtain significant original equipment business on new aircraft programs for our systems and components, as well as the follow-on repair and replacement business for these programs. Further, the Aerospace Systems Segment utilizes low-cost manufacturing techniques and best cost region strategies to achieve a lower cost producer status. Although we believe that we are one of the market leaders in most of the major markets for our most significant Aerospace Systems Segment products, primary global competitors for these products include Eaton Corporation plc, Honeywell International, Inc., Moog Inc., Triumph Group, Inc., Senior plc., Raytheon Collins Aerospace, Woodward, Inc. and Safran S.A.
We believe that our platform utilizing eight core technologies, which consist of electromechanical, filtration, fluid handling, hydraulics, pneumatics, process control, refrigeration, and sealing and shielding, is a positive factor in our ability to compete effectively with both large and small competitors. For both of our segments, we believe that the following factors also contribute to our ability to compete effectively:
decentralized business model;
technology breadth and interconnectivity;
engineered products with intellectual property;
long product life cycles;
balanced OEM vs. aftermarket;
low capital investment requirements; and
great generators and deployers of cash over the cycle.
Patents, Trademarks, Licenses
We own a number of patents, trademarks, copyrights and licenses related to our products. We also have exclusive and non-exclusive rights to use patents, trademarks and copyrights owned by others. In addition, patent and trademark applications are pending, although there can be no assurance that further patents and trademarks will be issued. We do not depend on any single patent, trademark, copyright or license or group of patents, trademarks, copyrights or licenses to any material extent.
Backlog and Seasonal Nature of Business
Backlog consists of written firm orders from a customer to deliver products and, in the case of blanket purchase orders, only includes the portion of the order for which a schedule or release date has been agreed to with the customer. The dollar value of backlog is equal to the amount that is expected to be billed to the customer and reported as a sale. Our backlog by business segment for the past two years is included in Part II, Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference. Our backlog was $5.1 billion at June 30, 2020 and $4.2 billion at June 30, 2019. Approximately 85 percent of our backlog at June 30, 2020 is scheduled for delivery in the succeeding twelve months. Because of the breadth and global scope of our business, our overall business is generally not seasonal in nature.

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Environmental Regulation
Certain of our operations require the use and handling of hazardous materials and, as a result, the Company is subject to United States federal, state, and local laws and regulations as well as non-U.S. laws and regulations designed to protect the environment and regulate the discharge of materials into the environment. These laws impose penalties, fines and other sanctions for non-compliance and liability for response costs, property damage and personal injury resulting from past and current spills, disposals or other releases of, or exposures to, hazardous materials. Among other environmental laws, we are subject to the United States federal "Superfund" law, under which we have been designated as a "potentially responsible party" and may be liable for cleanup costs associated with various waste sites, some of which are on the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Superfund priority list.
As of June 30, 2020, Parker was involved in environmental remediation at various U.S. and non-U.S. manufacturing facilities presently or formerly operated by us and as a "potentially responsible party," along with other companies, at off-site waste disposal facilities and regional sites.
We believe that our policies, practices and procedures are properly designed to prevent unreasonable risk of environmental damage and the consequent financial liability to the Company. Compliance with environmental laws and regulations requires continuing management efforts and expenditures by the Company. Compliance with environmental laws and regulations has not had in the past, and, we believe, will not have in the future, a material adverse effect on our capital expenditures, earnings, or competitive position.
Our reserve for environmental matters is discussed in Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
Energy Matters and Sources and Availability of Raw Materials
Our primary energy source for both of our business segments is electric power. While we cannot predict future costs of electric power, the primary source for production of the required electric power is expected to be coal and natural gas from coal and natural gas reserves available to electric utilities. We are subject to governmental regulations in regard to energy supplies in the United States and elsewhere. To date, we have not experienced any significant disruptions of our operations due to energy curtailments.
We primarily use steel, brass, copper, aluminum, nickel, rubber and thermoplastic materials and chemicals as the principal raw materials in our products. We expect these materials to be available from numerous sources in quantities sufficient to meet our requirements.
Employees
We employ approximately 50,520 persons as of June 30, 2020, of whom approximately 25,430 were employed by foreign subsidiaries.
Acquisitions
The Company completed two acquisitions in 2020, which are discussed in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors.
The following "risk factors" identify what we believe to be the risks that could materially adversely affect our financial and/or operational performance. These risk factors should be considered and evaluated together with information incorporated by reference or otherwise included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Additional risks not currently known to the Company or that the Company currently believes are immaterial also may impair the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
The novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic has disrupted our operations and could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.
The COVID-19 pandemic, along with the response to the pandemic by governmental and other actors, has disrupted our operations and is expected to continue to negatively impact our operations in the future, which impact may be material. We have experienced, and may continue to experience, mandatory and voluntary facility closures in certain jurisdictions in which we operate. Furthermore, several of our customers temporarily suspended their operations and we have experienced less demand for our products. Disruptions to our customers in the aerospace industry, which is facing the consequences of travel

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restrictions and severely diminished demand, have been and are expected to continue to be especially challenging. Additionally, the COVID-19 outbreak has, and could further, disrupt our supply chain. Facility closures or other restrictions, as well as supply chain disruptions, could materially adversely affect our ability to adequately staff, supply or otherwise maintain our operations. Moreover, because certain of our employees have transitioned to working from home, we may be subject to increased vulnerability to cyber and other information technology risks. We have modified, and may further modify, our business practices in response to the risks and negative impacts associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there can be no assurance that these measures will be temporary or successful.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve and its ultimate duration, severity and disruption to our business, customers and supply chain, and the related financial impact to us, cannot be accurately forecasted at this time. Should such disruption continue for an extended period, the adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition could be more severe than previously anticipated. Additionally, continued weak economic conditions generally could result in impairment in value of our tangible or intangible assets. Furthermore, future public health crises are possible and could involve some or all of the risks discussed above.
Risks arising from uncertainty in worldwide and regional economic conditions may harm our business and make it difficult to project long-term performance.
Our business is sensitive to global macro-economic conditions. Future macroeconomic downturns may have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, as well as our distributors, customers and suppliers, and on activity in many of the industries and markets we serve. Among the economic factors which may have such an effect are manufacturing and other end-market activity, global pandemics, currency exchange rates, air travel trends, difficulties entering new markets, tariffs and governmental trade and monetary policies, and general economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rates and credit availability. These factors may, among other things, negatively impact our level of purchases, capital expenditures, and creditworthiness, as well as our distributors, customers and suppliers, and, therefore, the Company’s revenues, operating profits, margins, and order rates.
We cannot predict changes in worldwide or regional economic conditions and government policies, as such conditions are highly volatile and beyond our control. If these conditions deteriorate or remain at depressed levels for extended periods, however, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
As a global business, we are exposed to economic, political and other risks in different countries in which we operate, which could materially reduce our sales, profitability or cash flows, or materially increase our liabilities.
Our net sales derived from customers outside the United States were approximately 37 percent in 2020, 39 percent in 2019 and 41 percent in 2018. In addition, many of our manufacturing operations and suppliers are located outside the United States. The Company expects net sales from non-U.S. markets to continue to represent a significant portion of its total net sales. Our non-U.S. operations are subject to risks in addition to those facing our domestic operations, including:
fluctuations in currency exchange rates and/or changes in monetary policy;
public health crises, including pandemics;
limitations on ownership and on repatriation of earnings;
transportation delays and interruptions;
political, social and economic instability and disruptions;
government embargoes or trade restrictions;
the imposition of duties and tariffs and other trade barriers;
import and export controls;
labor unrest and current and changing regulatory environments;
the potential for nationalization of enterprises;
difficulties in staffing and managing multi-national operations;
limitations on our ability to enforce legal rights and remedies;
potentially adverse tax consequences; and
difficulties in implementing restructuring actions on a timely basis.
If we are unable to successfully manage the risks associated with expanding our global business or adequately manage operational fluctuations internationally, the risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.


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We are subject to risks relating to acquisitions and joint ventures, and risks relating to the integration of acquired companies, including risks related to the integration of CLARCOR Inc. ("Clarcor"), Lord Corporation ("Lord") and Exotic Metals Forming Company ("Exotic").
We expect to continue our strategy of identifying and acquiring businesses with complementary products and services, and entering into joint ventures, which we believe will enhance our operations and profitability. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to find suitable businesses to purchase or joint venture opportunities, or that we will be able to acquire such businesses or enter into such joint ventures on acceptable terms. Furthermore, there are no assurances that we will be able to avoid acquiring or assuming unexpected liabilities. If we are unable to avoid these risks, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
In addition, we may not be able to integrate successfully any businesses that we purchase into our existing business and it is possible that any acquired businesses or joint ventures may not be profitable. For example, we have devoted significant management attention and resources to integrating the business and operations of Clarcor, Lord and Exotic. We may encounter, or have encountered, the following difficulties during the integration process:
the consequences of a change in tax treatment, including the cost of integration and compliance and the possibility that the full benefits anticipated to result from the acquisitions may not be realized;
delays in the integration of management teams, strategies, operations, products, and services;
differences in business backgrounds, corporate cultures, and management philosophies that may delay successful integration;
the ability to retain key employees;
the ability to create and enforce uniform standards, controls, procedures, policies, and information systems;
challenges of integrating complex systems, technologies, networks, and other assets of the acquired companies in a manner that minimizes any adverse impact or disruptions to customers, suppliers, employees, and other constituencies; and
unknown liabilities and unforeseen increased expenses or delays associated with the integration beyond current estimates.
The successful integration of new businesses and the success of joint ventures also depend on our ability to manage these new businesses and cut excess costs. If we are unable to avoid these risks, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
Our results may be adversely affected if expanded operations from the acquisition of Clarcor, Lord and Exotic are not effectively managed.
Our recent acquisitions have greatly expanded the size and complexity of our business. Our future success depends, in part, on the ability to manage this expanded business, which may pose or has posed substantial challenges for management, including challenges related to the management and monitoring of the expanded global operations and new manufacturing processes and products, and the associated costs and complexity. There can be no assurance of successful management of these matters or that we will realize the expected benefits of the acquisitions.
The Company may be subject to risks relating to organizational changes.
We regularly execute organizational changes such as acquisitions, divestitures and realignments to support our growth and cost management strategies. We also engage in initiatives aimed to increase productivity, efficiencies and cash flow and to reduce costs. The Company commits significant resources to identify, develop and retain key employees to ensure uninterrupted leadership and direction. If we are unable to successfully manage these and other organizational changes, the ability to complete such activities and realize anticipated synergies or cost savings as well as our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. We cannot offer assurances that any of these initiatives will be beneficial to the extent anticipated, or that the estimated efficiency improvements, incremental cost savings or cash flow improvements will be realized as anticipated or at all.
Increased cybersecurity threats and more sophisticated and targeted computer crime could pose a risk to our information technology systems.
We rely extensively on information technology systems to manage and operate our business, some of which are managed by third parties. The security and functionality of these information technology systems, and the processing of data by these systems, are critical to our business operations. If these systems, or any part of the systems, are damaged, intruded upon, attacked, shutdown or cease to function properly (whether by planned upgrades, force majeure, telecommunications failures, hardware or software break-ins or viruses, or other cybersecurity incidents) and we suffer any resulting interruption in our ability to manage and operate our business or if our products are affected, our results of operations and financial condition

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could be materially adversely affected. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, certain of our employees have transitioned to working from home, which may increase our vulnerability to cyber and other information technology risks. In addition to existing risks, any adoption or deployment of new technologies via acquisitions or internal initiatives may increase our exposure to risks, breaches, or failures, which could materially adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition. Furthermore, the Company may have access to sensitive, confidential, or personal data or information that may be subject to privacy and security laws, regulations, or other contractually-imposed controls. Despite our use of reasonable and appropriate controls, material security breaches, theft, misplaced, lost or corrupted data, programming, or employee errors and/or malfeasance could lead to the compromise or improper use of such sensitive, confidential, or personal data or information, resulting in possible negative consequences, such as fines, penalties, loss of reputation, competitiveness or customers, or other negative consequences resulting in adverse impacts to our results of operations or financial condition.
Changes in the demand for and supply of our products may adversely affect our financial results, financial condition and cash flow.
Demand for and supply of our products has been and may be adversely affected by numerous factors, some of which we cannot predict or control. Such factors include:
changes in business relationships with and purchases by or from major customers, suppliers or distributors, including delays or cancellations in shipments, disputes regarding contract terms or significant changes in financial condition, and changes in contract cost and revenue estimates for new development programs, including changes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
changes in product mix;
changes in the market acceptance of our products;
increased competition in the markets we serve;
declines in the general level of industrial production, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
weakness in the end-markets we serve, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
fluctuations in the availability or the prices of raw materials; and
fluctuations in currency exchange rates.
If any of these factors occur, the demand for and supply of our products could suffer, which could materially adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.
The development of new products and technologies requires substantial investment and is required to remain competitive in the markets we serve. If we are unable to successfully introduce new commercial products, our profitability could be adversely affected.
The markets we serve are characterized by rapidly changing technologies and frequent introductions of new products and services. Our ability to develop new products based on technological innovation can affect our competitive position and often requires the investment of significant resources. If we cannot develop, or have difficulties or delays developing new and enhanced products and services, or if we fail to gain market or regulatory acceptance of new products and technologies, our revenues may be materially reduced and our competitive position could be materially adversely affected. In addition, we may invest in research and development of products and services, or in acquisitions or other investments, that do not lead to significant revenue, which could adversely affect our profitability.
Price and supply fluctuations of the raw materials used in our production processes and by our suppliers of component parts could negatively impact our financial results.
Our supply of raw materials could be interrupted for a variety of reasons, including availability and pricing. Furthermore, changes to United States and other countries' tariff and import/export regulations have in the past and may in the future have a negative impact on the availability and pricing of raw materials. Prices for raw materials necessary for production have fluctuated significantly in the past and significant increases could adversely affect our results of operations and profit margins. Our efforts to manage these fluctuations by, among other things, passing along price increases to our customers, may be subject to a time delay between the increased raw material prices and our ability to increase the price of our products, or we may be unable to increase the prices of our products due to pricing pressure, contract terms or other factors. Any such inability to manage fluctuations could adversely impact our results of operations and cash flows.
Our suppliers of component parts may significantly and quickly increase their prices in response to increases in costs of raw materials that they use to manufacture the component parts. As a result, we may not be able to increase our prices commensurately with our increased costs. Consequently, our results of operations or financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

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Changes in the competitive environment in which we operate may eliminate any competitive advantages that we currently have, which could adversely impact our business.
Our operations are subject to competition from a wide variety of global, regional and local competitors, which could adversely affect our results of operations by creating downward pricing pressure and/or a decline in our margins or market shares. To compete successfully, we must excel in terms of product quality and innovation, technological and engineering capability, manufacturing and distribution capability, delivery, price competitiveness, and customer experience.
Litigation and legal and regulatory proceedings against the Company could decrease our liquidity, impair our financial condition and adversely affect our results of operations.
From time to time, we are subject to litigation or other commercial disputes and other legal and regulatory proceedings relating to our business. Due to the inherent uncertainties of any litigation, commercial disputes or other legal or regulatory proceedings, we cannot accurately predict their ultimate outcome, including the outcome of any related appeals. An unfavorable outcome could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. Furthermore, as required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, we establish reserves based on our assessment of contingencies, including contingencies related to legal claims asserted against us. Subsequent developments in legal proceedings may affect our assessment and estimates of the loss contingency recorded as a reserve and require us to make payments in excess of our reserves, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
We are subject to national and international laws and regulations, such as the anti-corruption laws of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act, relating to our business and our employees. Despite our policies, procedures and compliance programs, our internal controls and compliance systems may not be able to protect the Company from prohibited acts willfully committed by our employees, agents or business partners that would violate such applicable laws and regulations. Any such improper acts could damage the Company's reputation, subject us to civil or criminal judgments, fines or penalties, and could otherwise disrupt the Company's business, and as a result, could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Further, our operations are subject to certain antitrust and competition laws in the jurisdictions in which we conduct our business, in particular the United States and Europe. These laws prohibit, among other things, anticompetitive agreements and practices. If any of our commercial agreements or practices are found to violate or infringe such laws, we may be subject to civil and other penalties. We may also be subject to third-party claims for damages. Further, agreements that infringe antitrust and competition laws may be void and unenforceable, in whole or in part, or require modification in order to be lawful and enforceable. Accordingly, any violation of these laws could harm our reputation and could have a material adverse effect on our earnings, cash flows and financial condition.
Additional liabilities relating to changes in tax rates or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could adversely impact our financial condition and cash flow.
We are subject to income taxes in the U.S. and various non-U.S. jurisdictions. Our domestic and international tax liabilities are dependent upon the location of earnings among these different jurisdictions. Our future results of operation could be adversely affected by changes in effective tax rate as a result of changes in tax laws and judicial or regulatory interpretation thereof, the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in overall profitability, changes in generally accepted accounting principles, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets or changes in tax laws or regulations. In addition, the amount of income taxes paid by the Company is subject to ongoing audits by U.S. federal, state and local tax authorities and by non-U.S. tax authorities. If these audits result in assessments different from amounts reserved, future financial results may include unfavorable adjustments to the Company’s tax liabilities, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations.
Due to the nature of our business and products, we may be liable for damages based on product liability claims.
Our businesses expose us to potential product liability risks that are inherent in the design, manufacture and sale of our products and the products of third-party vendors that we use or resell. Significant product liability claims could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, liquidity and results of operations. Although we currently maintain what we believe to be suitable and adequate product liability insurance, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our insurance on acceptable terms or that our insurance will provide adequate protection against all potential significant liabilities.

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Failure to protect our intellectual property and know-how could reduce or eliminate any competitive advantage and reduce our sales and profitability, and the cost of protecting our intellectual property may be significant.
Protecting our intellectual property is critical to our innovation efforts. We own a number of patents, trade secrets, copyrights, trademarks, trade names and other forms of intellectual property related to our products and services throughout the world and the operation of our business. We also have exclusive and non-exclusive rights to intellectual property owned by others. Our intellectual property may be challenged, stolen or otherwise infringed upon by third parties or we may be unable to maintain, renew or enter into new license agreements with third-party owners of intellectual property on reasonable terms. In addition, the global nature of our business increases the risk that our intellectual property may be subject to infringement, theft or other unauthorized use or disclosure by others. In some cases, our ability to protect our intellectual property rights by legal recourse or otherwise may be limited, particularly in countries where laws or enforcement practices are inadequate or undeveloped. Unauthorized use or disclosure of our intellectual property rights or our inability to protect intellectual property and preserve associated intellectual property rights could lead to reputational harm and/or adversely impact our competitive position and results of operations.
Our indebtedness and restrictive covenants under our credit facilities could limit our operational and financial flexibility.
We have incurred significant indebtedness, and may incur additional debt for acquisitions, operations, research and development and capital expenditures, or for other reasons related to our overall capital deployment strategy. Our ability to make interest and scheduled principal payments and meet restrictive covenants could be adversely impacted by changes in the availability, terms and cost of capital, changes in interest rates or changes in our credit ratings or our outlook. These changes could increase our cost of financing and limit our debt capacity, thereby limiting our ability to pursue acquisition opportunities, react to market conditions and meet operational and capital needs, which may place us at a competitive disadvantage.
We carry goodwill on our balance sheet, which is subject to impairment testing and could subject us to significant non-cash charges to earnings in the future if impairment occurs.
We have goodwill recorded on our balance sheet. Goodwill is not amortized, but is tested for impairment annually in the second quarter or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment may exist. Factors that could indicate that our goodwill is impaired include a decline in our stock price and market capitalization, lower than projected operating results and cash flows, and slower growth rates in our industry. Declines in our stock price, lower operating results and any decline in industry conditions in the future could increase the risk of impairment. Impairment testing incorporates our estimates of future operating results and cash flows, estimates of allocations of certain assets and cash flows among reporting units, estimates of future growth rates, and our judgment regarding the applicable discount rates used on estimated operating results and cash flows. If we determine at a future time that further impairment exists, it may result in a significant non-cash charge to earnings and lower stockholders’ equity.
We may be required to make material expenditures in order to comply with environmental laws and climate change regulations, or incur additional liabilities under these laws and regulations.
Our operations necessitate the use and handling of hazardous materials and, as a result, subject us to various U.S. federal, state and local laws and regulations, as well as non-U.S. laws, designed to protect the environment and to regulate the discharge of materials into the environment. These laws impose penalties, fines and other sanctions for non-compliance and liability for response costs, property damages and personal injury resulting from past and current spills, disposals or other releases of, or the exposure to, hazardous materials. Among other laws, we are subject to the U.S. federal "Superfund" law, under which we have been designated as a "potentially responsible party" and may be liable for clean-up costs associated with various waste sites, some of which are on the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Superfund priority list. We could incur substantial costs as a result of non-compliance with or liability for cleanup or other costs or damages under environmental laws, including the "Superfund" law.
In addition, increased worldwide focus on climate change issues has led to legislative and regulatory efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions, including regulation of such emissions through a "cap-and-trade" system globally. Increased regulation of greenhouse gas emissions and other climate change concerns could subject us to additional costs and restrictions, including increased energy and raw material costs. Until definitive regulations are adopted, we are not able to predict how such regulations would affect our business, operations or financial results.
We may be subject to other more stringent environmental laws in the future. If more stringent environmental laws are enacted in the future, these laws could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

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Increasing costs of certain employee and retiree benefits could adversely affect our liability for such benefits.
The funding requirements and the amount of expenses recorded for our defined benefit pension plans are dependent on changes in market interest rates and the value of plan assets, which are dependent on actual plan asset returns. Significant changes in market interest rates and decreases in the fair value of plan assets and investment losses on plan assets would increase funding requirements and expenses and may adversely impact our results of operations.
The Company absorbs a portion of healthcare costs for its employees. If healthcare costs rise significantly and we continue to absorb the majority of these costs, these increasing costs may adversely impact our future results of operations.
As a provider of products to the U.S. government, we are subject to additional risks related to future government spending as well as unusual performance conditions and enhanced compliance risks.
In addition to the risks identified herein, doing business with the U.S. government subjects us to unusual risks, including dependence on the level of government spending and compliance with and changes in governmental acquisition regulations. Agreements relating to the sale of products to government entities may be subject to termination, reduction or modification, either at the convenience of the government or for our failure to perform, or other unsatisfactory performance under the applicable contract. We are subject to government investigations of our business practices and compliance with government acquisition regulations. If the Company were charged with wrongdoing as a result of any such investigation, it could be suspended from bidding on or receiving awards of new government contracts, and we could be subject to fines or penalties associated with contract non-compliance or resulting from such investigations, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments. None.
ITEM 1C. Information about our Executive Officers.
Our executive officers as of August 15, 2020, were as follows:
Name
 
Position
 
Officer
Since(1)
 
Age as of
8/15/2020
Thomas L. Williams
 
Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director
 
2005
 
61

Lee C. Banks
 
President, Chief Operating Officer and Director
 
2001
 
57

Catherine A. Suever
 
Executive Vice President – Finance & Administration and Chief Financial Officer
 
2010
 
61

Mark J. Hart
 
Executive Vice President – Human Resources & External Affairs
 
2016
 
55

William R. "Skip" Bowman
 
Vice President and President - Instrumentation Group
 
2016
 
62

Thomas C. Gentile
 
Vice President – Global Supply Chain
 
2017
 
48

Todd M. Leombruno
 
Vice President and Controller
 
2017
 
50

Joseph R. Leonti
 
Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
 
2014
 
48

Robert W. Malone
 
Vice President and President – Filtration Group
 
2014
 
56

M. Craig Maxwell
 
Vice President – Chief Technology and Innovation Officer
 
2003
 
62

Dinu J. Parel
 
Vice President and Chief Information Officer
 
2018
 
40

Jennifer A. Parmentier
 
Vice President and President – Motion Systems Group
 
2015
 
53

Andrew D. Ross
 
Vice President and President – Fluid Connectors Group
 
2012
 
53

Roger S. Sherrard
 
Vice President and President – Aerospace Group
 
2003
 
54

Andrew M. Weeks
 
Vice President and President – Engineered Materials Group
 
2015
 
57

(1)Executive officers are elected by the Board of Directors to serve for a term of one year or until their respective successors are elected, except in the case of death, resignation or removal. Messrs. Williams, Banks, Leonti, Malone, Maxwell and Sherrard have served in the executive capacities indicated above during each of the past five years.
Mr. Williams has been a Director since January 2015; Chief Executive Officer since February 2015; and Chairman of the Board since January 2016. He was an Executive Vice President from August 2008 to February 2015 and an Operating Officer from November 2006 to February 2015. He is also a Director of The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company.

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Mr. Banks has been a Director since January 2015 and President and Chief Operating Officer since February 2015. He was an Executive Vice President from August 2008 to February 2015 and an Operating Officer from November 2006 to February 2015. He is also a Director of Nordson Corporation.
Ms. Suever has been Executive Vice President - Finance & Administration and Chief Financial Officer since April 2017. She was Vice President and Controller from December 2010 to April 2017. She is also a director of Hexcel Corporation.
Mr. Hart has been Executive Vice President - Human Resources & External Affairs since January 2016. He was Vice President - Total Rewards from August 2013 to January 2016.
Mr. Bowman has been Vice President and President - Instrumentation Group since September 2016. He was Vice President, Operations - Filtration Group from March 2015 to August 2016; and Vice President, Operations - Fluid Connectors Group from November 2007 to February 2015.
Mr. Gentile has been Vice President - Global Supply Chain since July 2017. He was General Manager of the Company's domnick hunter Process Filtration Division from December 2013 to July 2017.
Mr. Leombruno has been Vice President and Controller since July 2017. He was Vice President and Controller - Engineered Materials Group from January 2015 to June 2017; and Director of Investor Relations from June 2012 to December 2014.
Mr. Leonti has been Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since July 2014. He was Assistant Secretary from April 2011 to July 2014; and Associate General Counsel from January 2008 to July 2014.
Mr. Maxwell has been Vice President - Chief Technology and Innovation Officer since July 2003.
Mr. Malone has been Vice President and President of the Filtration Group since December 2014. He was Vice President - Operations of the Filtration Group from January 2013 to December 2014.
Mr. Parel has been Vice President and Chief Information Officer since October 2018. He was Vice President and Chief Information Officer at Dover Corporation from May 2016 through October 2018. Prior to Dover, he held several IT leadership roles at Baker Hughes from March 2010 to May 2016, including IT Integration Leader and Senior Director, IT North America.
Ms. Parmentier has been Vice President and President of the Motion Systems Group since February 2019. She was Vice President and President of the Engineered Materials Group from September 2015 to February 2019. She was General Manager of the Hose Products Division from May 2014 to September 2015; and General Manager of the Sporlan Division from May 2012 to May 2014.
Mr. Ross has been Vice President since July 2012 and President of the Fluid Connectors Group since September 2015. He was President of the Engineered Materials Group from July 2012 to September 2015.
Mr. Sherrard has been Vice President and President of the Aerospace Group since July 2012. He was President of the Automation Group from March 2005 to July 2012. Prior to that he was President of the Instrumentation Group and has been a Corporate Vice President since November 2003.
Mr. Weeks has been Vice President and President of the Engineered Materials Group since February 2019. He was Vice President and President of the Motion Systems Group from September 2015 to February 2019. He was Vice President - Operations of the Aerospace Group from April 2013 to September 2015.
ITEM 2. Properties. Our corporate headquarters is located in Cleveland, Ohio, and, at June 30, 2020, the Company maintained approximately 320 manufacturing plants. We also maintain various sales and administrative offices and distribution centers throughout the world. None of these manufacturing plants, administrative offices or distribution centers are individually material to our operations. The facilities are situated in 38 states within the United States and in 48 other countries. We own the majority of our manufacturing plants, and our leased properties primarily consist of sales and administrative offices and distribution centers.
We believe that our properties have been adequately maintained, are in good condition generally and are suitable and adequate for our business as presently conducted. The extent to which we utilize our properties varies by property and from time to time. We believe that our restructuring efforts have brought capacity levels closer to present and anticipated needs. Most of our manufacturing facilities remain capable of handling volume increases.
ITEM 3. Legal Proceedings. None.

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ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. Not applicable.
PART II

ITEM 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
(a)
Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity. The Company’s common stock is listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") under the symbol "PH". As of July 31, 2020, the number of shareholders of record of the Company was 3,383.
(b)
Use of Proceeds. Not Applicable.
(c)
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Period
 
(a) Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
(b) Average
Price Paid
Per Share
 
(c) Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs (1)
 
(d) Maximum Number
(or Approximate
Dollar Value) of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
April 1, 2020 through April 30, 2020
 

 
$

 

 
10,028,239

May 1, 2020 through May 31, 2020
 

 
$

 

 
10,028,239

June 1, 2020 through June 30, 2020
 

 
$

 

 
10,028,239

Total
 

 
 
 

 


(1) 
On October 22, 2014, the Company publicly announced that the Board of Directors increased the overall maximum number of shares authorized for repurchase under this program so that, beginning on such date, the aggregate number of shares authorized for repurchase was 35 million shares. There is no limitation on the amount of shares that can be repurchased in a year. There is no expiration date for this program. In March 2020, the Company suspended the share repurchase program in response to business uncertainty resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.
ITEM 6. Selected Financial Data. This selected financial data should be read in conjunction with Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and our Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes included in Part II, Item 7 and Part II, Item 8, respectively, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
(Amounts in thousands, except per share information)
 
2020

 
2019

 
2018

 
2017

 
2016

Net sales
 
$
13,695,520

 
$
14,320,324

 
$
14,302,392

 
$
12,029,312

 
$
11,360,753

Net income attributable to common shareholders
 
1,206,341

 
1,512,364

 
1,060,801

 
983,412

 
806,840

Basic earnings per share
 
9.39

 
11.63

 
7.98

 
7.37

 
5.96

Diluted earnings per share
 
9.29

 
11.48

 
7.83

 
7.25

 
5.89

Cash dividends per share
 
3.52

 
3.16

 
2.74

 
2.58

 
2.52

Total assets
 
19,738,189

 
17,576,690

 
15,320,087

 
15,489,904

 
12,034,142

Long-term debt
 
7,652,256

 
6,520,831

 
4,318,559

 
4,861,895

 
2,652,457


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ITEM 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Forward-Looking Statements
Forward-looking statements contained in this and other written and oral reports are made based on known events and circumstances at the time of release, and as such, are subject in the future to unforeseen uncertainties and risks. All statements regarding future performance, earnings projections, events or developments are forward-looking statements. It is possible that the future performance and earnings projections of the Company, including its individual segments, may differ materially from current expectations, depending on economic conditions within its mobile, industrial and aerospace markets, and the Company's ability to maintain and achieve anticipated benefits associated with announced realignment activities, strategic initiatives to improve operating margins, actions taken to combat the effects of the current economic environment, and growth, innovation and global diversification initiatives. Additionally, the actual impact of changes in tax laws in the United States and foreign jurisdictions and any judicial or regulatory interpretations thereof on future performance and earnings projections may impact the Company's tax calculations. A change in the economic conditions in individual markets may have a particularly volatile effect on segment performance.
Among other factors which may affect future performance are:
global economic and political factors, including the impact of the global outbreak of COVID-19 and governmental and other actions taken in response, manufacturing activity, air travel trends, currency exchange rates and monetary policy, trade policy and tariffs, difficulties entering new markets and general economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rates and credit availability, as well as uncertainties associated with the timing and conditions surrounding the return to service of the Boeing 737 MAX;
our ability to identify acceptable strategic acquisition targets; uncertainties surrounding timing, successful completion or integration of acquisitions and similar transactions, including the integrations of Clarcor, Lord and EMFCO Holdings Incorporated, parent company of Exotic; and our ability to successfully divest businesses planned for divestiture and realize the anticipated benefits of such divestitures;
our ability to effectively manage expanded operations from the acquisitions of Clarcor, Lord and Exotic;
the determination to undertake business realignment activities and the expected costs thereof and, if undertaken, the ability to complete such activities and realize the anticipated cost savings from such activities;
increased cybersecurity threats and sophisticated computer crime;
business relationships with and purchases by or from major customers, suppliers or distributors, including delays or cancellations in shipments;
the development of new products and technologies requiring substantial investment;
availability, limitations or cost increases of raw materials, component products and/or commodities that cannot be recovered in product pricing;
disputes regarding contract terms or significant changes in financial condition, changes in contract cost and revenue estimates for new development programs, and changes in product mix;
uncertainties surrounding the ultimate resolution of outstanding legal and regulatory proceedings, including the outcome of any appeals;
additional liabilities relating to changes in tax rates or exposure to additional income tax liabilities;
potential product liability risks;
our ability to enter into, own, renew and maintain intellectual property and know-how;
our leverage and future debt service obligations;
potential impairment of goodwill;
compliance costs associated with environmental laws and climate change regulations;
our ability to manage costs related to insurance and employee retirement and health care benefits;
compliance with federal rules, regulations, audits and investigations associated with being a provider of products to the United States government; and
our ability to implement successfully the Company's capital allocation initiatives, including timing, price and execution of share repurchases.

The Company makes these statements as of the date of the filing of its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2020, and undertakes no obligation to update them unless otherwise required by law.


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Overview
The Company is a leading worldwide diversified manufacturer of motion and control technologies and systems, providing precision engineered solutions for a wide variety of mobile, industrial and aerospace markets.

Our order rates provide a near-term perspective of the Company's outlook particularly when viewed in the context of prior and future order rates. The Company publishes its order rates on a quarterly basis. The lead time between the time an order is received and revenue is realized generally ranges from one day to 12 weeks for mobile and industrial orders and from one day to 18 months for aerospace orders. We believe the leading economic indicators of these markets that have a correlation to the Company's future order rates are as follows:

Purchasing Managers Index ("PMI") on manufacturing activity specific to regions around the world with respect to most mobile and industrial markets;
Global aircraft miles flown and global revenue passenger miles for commercial aerospace markets and Department of Defense spending for military aerospace markets; and
Housing starts with respect to the North American residential air conditioning market and certain mobile construction markets.
A PMI above 50 indicates that the manufacturing activity specific to a region of the world in the mobile and industrial markets is expanding. A PMI below 50 indicates the opposite. Recent PMI levels for some regions around the world were as follows:
 
June 30, 2020
 
March 31, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
United States
52.6

 
49.1

 
50.6

Eurozone countries
47.4

 
44.5

 
47.6

China
51.2

 
50.1

 
49.4

Brazil
51.6

 
48.4

 
51.0

 
Global aircraft miles flown decreased by approximately 45 percent and global revenue passenger miles decreased by approximately 52 percent from their comparable 2019 levels. The Company anticipates that U.S. Department of Defense spending with regard to appropriations and operations and maintenance for the U.S. Government's fiscal year 2020 will increase by approximately two percent from its fiscal 2019 level.
Housing starts in June 2020 were approximately two percent lower than housing starts in March 2020 and approximately four percent lower than housing starts in June 2019.
During 2020, the World Health Organization declared the recent outbreak COVID-19 a pandemic. Given the unpredictable nature of COVID-19's impact on the global economy, the statistics included above may not be reflective of recent or future activity.
We are actively monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, which has negatively impacted, and we expect will continue to negatively impact, our business and results of operations. Disruption within the aerospace industry, which is facing the consequences of travel restrictions and considerably lower demand, was significant and is expected to continue. The ultimate extent to which our business and results of operations will be impacted by the outbreak will depend largely on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted at this time, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the outbreak and actions by government authorities to contain the outbreak or mitigate its economic, public health and other impacts.
We took immediate and aggressive action to minimize the spread of COVID-19 in our workplaces and are taking measures to preserve cash and reduce costs, including but not limited to, global salary reductions, reduced work schedules, elimination of discretionary spending, targeted restructuring and limiting capital expenditures to safety-related issues and strategic investments. At the same time, we are appropriately addressing the ongoing needs of our business so that we may continue to serve our customers.
In the long-term, we believe many opportunities for profitable growth are available. The Company intends to focus primarily on business opportunities in the areas of energy, water, food, environment, defense, life sciences, infrastructure and transportation.


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We believe we can meet our strategic objectives by:
Serving the customer and continuously enhancing its experience with the Company;
Successfully executing The Win Strategy initiatives relating to engaged people, premier customer experience, profitable growth and financial performance;
Maintaining a decentralized division and sales company structure;
Fostering a safety first and entrepreneurial culture;
Engineering innovative systems and products to provide superior customer value through improved service, efficiency and productivity;
Delivering products, systems and services that have demonstrable savings to customers and are priced by the value they deliver;
Acquiring strategic businesses;
Organizing around targeted regions, technologies and markets;
Driving efficiency by implementing lean enterprise principles; and
Creating a culture of empowerment through our values, inclusion and diversity, accountability and teamwork.
Acquisitions will be considered from time to time to the extent there is a strong strategic fit, while at the same time maintaining the Company’s strong financial position. During 2020, the Company completed the Lord and Exotic acquisitions, which are further discussed in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We continue to assess our existing businesses and may initiate efforts to divest businesses that are not considered to be a good long-term strategic fit for the Company. Future business divestitures could have a negative effect on the Company’s results of operations.
The discussion below is structured to separately discuss the financial statements presented in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The term "year" and references to specific years refer to the applicable fiscal year. Discussion of the 2018 financial statements is included in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

The Consolidated Statement of Income summarizes the Company's operating performance. The discussion below compares the operating performance in 2020 and 2019.
(dollars in millions)
 
2020

 
2019

Net sales
 
$
13,696

 
$
14,320

Gross profit margin
 
24.9
%
 
25.3
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
$
1,657

 
$
1,544

Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percent of sales
 
12.1
%
 
10.8
%
Interest expense
 
$
308

 
$
190

Other (income) expense, net
 
(67
)
 
(61
)
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets
 
(1
)
 
11

Effective tax rate
 
20.2
%
 
21.7
%
Net income attributable to common shareholders
 
$
1,206

 
$
1,512

Net sales in 2020 decreased from the 2019 amount due to lower volume in all segments, partially offset by an increase in sales from acquisitions made within the last 12 months of $949 million. The effect of currency rate changes decreased net sales in 2020 by approximately $167 million, of which $152 million was attributable to the Diversified Industrial International operations.

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Gross profit margin (calculated as net sales less cost of sales, divided by net sales) decreased slightly in 2020. Lower volume and current-year acquisition-related expenses of $69 million were partially offset by lower operating costs resulting from current and prior-year business realignment, acquisition integration and simplification activities, lower raw material costs and favorable product mix. Additionally, cost of sales included business realignment and acquisition integration charges of $60 million in 2020 compared to $15 million in 2019. Gross profit margin in 2020 benefited from a foreign currency transaction gain of $10 million compared to a loss of $6 million in 2019.
Selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") increased seven percent in 2020 primarily due to acquisition-related transaction costs of $119 million in the current year compared to $17 million in 2019 and higher intangible asset amortization expense related to the Lord and Exotic acquisitions. SG&A also included business realignment and acquisition integration charges of $38 million and $13 million in 2020 and 2019, respectively. These expenses were partially offset by a net benefit associated with the Company's deferred compensation plan and related investments. Additionally, SG&A benefited from lower discretionary spending and wage and salary expense as a result of actions taken in response to the current business conditions resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak.
Interest expense in 2020 increased due to a higher average interest rate and higher average debt outstanding.
Other (income) expense, net included the following:
(dollars in millions)
 
 
Expense (income)
 
2020

 
2019

Income related to equity method investments
 
$
(75
)
 
$
(93
)
Non-service components of retirement benefit cost
 
49

 
40

Interest income
 
(31
)
 
(18
)
Other items, net
 
(10
)
 
10

 
 
$
(67
)
 
$
(61
)
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets in 2020 and 2019 includes gains on the sale of real estate of $12 million and $11 million, respectively, with the remainder relating to net losses on divestitures and asset sales and writedowns.
Effective tax rate in 2020 was lower than 2019 primarily due to favorable one-time adjustments that were recorded in the current year as a result of a favorable foreign audit settlement.
BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Business Segment information presents sales and operating income on a basis that is consistent with the manner in which the Company's various businesses are managed for internal review and decision-making.
Diversified Industrial Segment
(dollars in millions)
 
2020

 
2019

Sales
 
 
 
 
North America
 
$
6,456

 
$
6,809

International
 
4,505

 
5,001

Operating income
 
 
 
 
North America
 
986

 
1,139

International
 
675

 
805

Operating income as a percent of sales
 
 
 
 
North America
 
15.3
%
 
16.7
%
International
 
15.0
%
 
16.1
%
Backlog
 
$
2,117

 
$
2,011



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The Diversified Industrial Segment operations experienced the following percentage changes in net sales:
 
 
2020

Diversified Industrial North America – as reported
 
(5.2
)%
Acquisitions
 
6.0
 %
Currency
 
(0.2
)%
Diversified Industrial North America – without acquisitions and currency
 
(11.0
)%
 
 
 
Diversified Industrial International – as reported
 
(9.9
)%
Acquisitions
 
4.1
 %
Currency
 
(3.1
)%
Diversified Industrial International – without acquisitions and currency
 
(10.9
)%
 
 
 
Total Diversified Industrial Segment – as reported
 
(7.2
)%
Acquisitions
 
5.2
 %
Currency
 
(1.4
)%
Total Diversified Industrial Segment – without acquisitions and currency
 
(11.0
)%
The above presentation reconciles the percentage changes in net sales of the Diversified Industrial Segment reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP to percentage changes in net sales adjusted to remove the effects of acquisitions made within the prior four fiscal quarters as well as the effects of currency exchange rates (a non-GAAP measure). The effects of acquisitions and currency exchange rates are removed to allow investors and the Company to meaningfully evaluate the percentage changes in net sales on a comparable basis from period to period.
Sales in 2020 for the Diversified Industrial North American operations decreased 5.2 percent from 2019. Acquisitions increased sales by $408 million, and the effect of currency exchange rates decreased sales by approximately $13 million. Excluding acquisitions and the effect of currency rate changes, sales in 2020 for the Diversified Industrial North American operations decreased 11.0 percent from prior-year levels reflecting lower demand from distributors and end users in virtually all markets, including the construction equipment, cars and light truck, heavy-duty truck, engines, refrigeration and general industrial machinery markets. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in end-user demand in the life sciences market.

Sales in the Diversified Industrial International operations decreased 9.9 percent in 2020. Acquisitions increased sales by approximately $203 million in 2020. The effect of currency rate changes decreased sales by $152 million, reflecting the strengthening of the U.S. dollar primarily against currencies in the Eurozone countries, China, Brazil, and South Korea. Excluding acquisitions and the effect of currency rate changes, sales in 2020 for the Diversified Industrial International operations decreased 10.9 percent from 2019 levels primarily due to lower demand from distributors and end users in both the mobile and industrial markets. During 2020, Europe, the Asia Pacific region, and Latin America accounted for approximately 68 percent, 28 percent, and four percent, respectively, of the decrease in sales.

Within Europe, the decrease in sales was primarily due to lower demand from distributors and end users in the construction equipment, general industrial machinery, machine tool, heavy-duty truck and cars and light truck markets.

Within the Asia Pacific region, the decrease in sales was primarily due to lower demand from distributors as well as end users in the construction equipment, railroad equipment, telecommunications and machine tool markets. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in end-user demand in the semiconductor, mining and engine markets.
The decrease in sales in Latin America was primarily due to lower demand from distributors and end users in the construction equipment, farm and agricultural equipment and cars and light truck markets, partially offset by an increase in end-user demand in the oil and gas market.

Operating margins in 2020 decreased in both the Diversified Industrial North American and International operations primarily due to lower sales volume, acquisition-related expenses, higher intangible asset amortization expense, and higher business realignment and acquisition integration costs. These costs were partially offset by lower discretionary spending, lower wage and salary expense, favorable product mix, lower raw material costs, benefits from current-year and prior-year business realignment and simplification actions, and prior-year pricing actions.


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The following business realignment and acquisition integration charges are included in Diversified Industrial North America and Diversified Industrial International operating income:
(dollars in millions)
 
2020

 
2019

Diversified Industrial North America
 
$
41

 
$
13

Diversified Industrial International
 
32

 
15


The business realignment charges consist primarily of severance and plant closure costs related to actions taken under the Company's simplification initiative aimed at reducing organizational and process complexity, which is being implemented by its operating units throughout the world. Current-year acquisition integration charges relate to the Lord acquisition. Prior-year acquisition integration charges relate to the 2017 acquisition of Clarcor. During 2020, business realignment charges also include permanent workforce reductions to address the impact of COVID-19 on our business. The majority of the Diversified Industrial International business realignment and acquisition integration charges were incurred in Europe. We anticipate that cost savings realized from the workforce reduction measures taken during 2020 will increase operating income for 2021 by approximately five percent in the Diversified Industrial North American operations and by approximately two percent in the Diversified Industrial International operations. In 2021, we expect to continue to take actions necessary to structure appropriately the operations of the Diversified Industrial Segment. These actions are expected to result in approximately $53 million in business realignment charges in 2021. However, continually changing business conditions could impact the ultimate costs we incur.

The increase in Diversified Industrial Segment backlog in 2020 was primarily due to the current-year acquisition of Lord, partially offset by shipments exceeding orders in both the North American and International businesses. Within the International business, this decrease in backlog was primarily related to shipments exceeding orders in both Europe and Latin America, partially offset by orders exceeding shipments in the Asia Pacific region. Backlog consists of written firm orders from a customer to deliver products and, in the case of blanket purchase orders, only includes the portion of the order for which a schedule or release date has been agreed to with the customer. The dollar value of backlog is equal to the amount that is expected to be billed to the customer and reported as a sale.
Aerospace Systems Segment     
(dollars in millions)
 
2020

 
2019

Sales
 
$
2,735

 
$
2,511

Operating income
 
477

 
488

Operating income as a percent of sales
 
17.4
%
 
19.4
%
Backlog
 
$
3,021

 
$
2,209


Sales in 2020 were higher than the 2019 level primarily due to $338 million of sales from current-year acquisitions and higher volume in the military OEM and aftermarket businesses, partially offset by lower volume in the commercial OEM and aftermarket businesses.
Operating margin decreased in 2020 primarily due to lower sales volume in the commercial OEM and aftermarket businesses, unfavorable product mix, acquisition-related expenses, higher intangible asset amortization expense and current-year business realignment and acquisition integration charges of $24 million. The halt in production of the Boeing 737 MAX also contributed to lower operating margin during 2020. These expenses were partially offset by lower engineering development expenses, lower discretionary spending and savings from the current-year business realignment and acquisition integration actions.
As a result of the disruption in the aerospace industry due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we expect to continue to take the actions necessary to structure appropriately the operations of the Aerospace Systems Segment. These actions are expected to result in approximately $12 million of business realignment charges in 2021. However, continually changing business conditions could impact the ultimate costs we incur. We anticipate that cost savings realized from the workforce reduction measures taken during 2020 will increase operating income for 2021 by approximately 13 percent.

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Table of Contents

The increase in backlog in 2020 was primarily due to the addition of Exotic backlog in the current year and orders exceeding shipments in the military OEM and aftermarket businesses, partially offset by shipments exceeding orders in the commercial OEM and aftermarket businesses. Backlog consists of written firm orders from a customer to deliver products and, in the case of blanket purchase orders, only includes the portion of the order for which a schedule or release date has been agreed to with the customer. The dollar value of backlog is equal to the amount that is expected to be billed to the customer and reported as a sale.
Corporate general & administrative expenses
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
Expense (income)
2020

 
2019

Corporate general and administrative expense
$
171

 
$
195

Corporate general and administrative expense, as a percent of sales
1.2
%
 
1.4
%
Corporate general and administrative expenses decreased in 2020 primarily due to a net benefit related to the Company's deferred compensation plan and related investments. Additionally, corporate general and administrative expenses benefited from lower discretionary spending and wage and salary expense as a result of actions taken in response to the current business conditions resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak.
Other expense (in the Business Segment Information)
(dollars in millions)
 
 
 
Expense (income)
2020

 
2019

Foreign currency transaction
$
(10
)
 
$
6

Stock-based compensation
52

 
52

Pensions
30

 
20

Acquisition expenses
119

 
17

Divestitures and asset sales and writedowns, net
(1
)
 
11

Interest income
(31
)
 
(18
)
Other items, net
(13
)
 
25

 
$
146

 
$
113

Foreign currency transaction primarily relates to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates on cash, marketable securities and other investments and intercompany transactions. Acquisition expenses relate to the acquisitions of Lord and Exotic.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

The Consolidated Balance Sheet shows the Company's financial position at year end, compared with the previous year end. This discussion provides information to assist in assessing factors such as the Company's liquidity and financial resources.
(dollars in millions)
 
2020

 
2019

Cash
 
$
756

 
$
3,371

Trade accounts receivable, net
 
1,854

 
2,131

Inventories
 
1,815

 
1,678

Intangible assets, net
 
3,799

 
1,783

Goodwill
 
7,870

 
5,454

Notes payable and long-term debt payable within one year
 
810

 
587

Long-term debt
 
7,652

 
6,521

Shareholders' equity
 
6,114

 
5,962

Working capital
 
$
1,737

 
$
4,521

Current ratio
 
1.6

 
2.4


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Cash (comprised of cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities and other investments) includes $726 million and $975 million held by the Company's foreign subsidiaries at June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company has determined it will no longer permanently reinvest certain foreign earnings. The distribution of these earnings could result in non-federal U.S. or foreign taxes. All other undistributed foreign earnings remain permanently reinvested. Refer to Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Trade accounts receivable, net are receivables due from customers for sales of product. Days sales outstanding relating to trade receivables for the Company was 54 days in 2020 and 53 days in 2019. We believe that our receivables are collectible and appropriate allowances for doubtful accounts have been recorded.

Inventories as of June 30, 2020 increased by $136 million (which includes an increase of $363 million from acquisitions and a decrease of $26 million from the effect of foreign currency translation). After consideration of the effects of acquisitions and foreign currency translation, inventories decreased primarily due to a decrease in the Diversified Industrial Segment, partially offset by an increase in the Aerospace Systems Segment. Days supply of inventory on hand was 89 days in 2020 and 69 days in 2019.

Intangible assets, net and Goodwill increased from 2019 primarily due to the current-year acquisitions of Lord and Exotic. Refer to Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Notes payable and long-term debt payable within one year increased from 2019 primarily due to higher commercial paper notes outstanding of which a portion was used to finance the purchase of the Lord and Exotic acquisitions. Refer to Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Long-term debt increased from 2019 primarily due to outstanding term loans related to the acquisition of Lord and Exotic. Refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Shareholders' equity activity during 2020 included a decrease of $147 million related to share repurchases, a decrease of $318 million related to pensions and postretirement benefits resulting from net actuarial losses due to a decrease in discount rates and a decrease of $182 million related to foreign currency translation adjustments.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

The Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows reflects cash inflows and outflows from the Company's operating, investing and financing activities.

A summary of cash flows follows:
(dollars in millions)
 
2020

 
2019

Cash provided by (used in):
 
 
 
 
Operating activities
 
$
2,071

 
$
1,730

Investing activities
 
(5,024
)
 
(219
)
Financing activities
 
449

 
902

Effect of exchange rates
 
(30
)
 
(16
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
(2,534
)
 
$
2,397


Cash flows from operating activities in 2020 reflects a decrease in net income of $306 million and an increase of $327 million from cash provided by working capital items. The Company also made a discretionary cash contribution to the Company's domestic qualified defined benefit plan of $200 million in 2019.

Cash flows from investing activities in 2020 includes $5,076 million of acquisition-related activity for Lord and Exotic. It also includes $121 million of proceeds from the redemption of company-owned life insurance investments associated with the Company's deferred compensation programs as well proceeds of $44 million related to the settlement of a cross currency swap.


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Cash flows from financing activities includes proceeds from the $925 million and $800 million term loans related to the acquisition of Exotic and Lord, respectively. It also includes repayment of long-term debt of approximately $740 million, of which approximately $221 million relates to acquired Lord debt. Refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion. The Company repurchased 0.8 million common shares for $147 million during 2020 compared to the repurchase of 4.8 million common shares for $800 million in 2019.

Dividends have been paid for 280 consecutive quarters, including a yearly increase in dividends for the last 64 years. The current annual dividend rate is $3.52 per common share.
Our goal is to maintain a strong investment-grade credit profile. The rating agencies periodically update our credit ratings as events occur. At June 30, 2020, the long-term credit ratings assigned to the Company's senior debt securities by the credit rating agencies engaged by the Company were as follows:
Fitch Ratings
 
BBB+
Moody's Investor Services, Inc.
 
Baa1
Standard & Poor's
 
BBB+
During 2020, we have taken several meaningful measures to strengthen our liquidity position in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, including limiting capital expenditures to safety-related issues and strategic investments, the suspension of our share repurchase program and other cost reduction efforts. Although we cannot reasonably estimate the duration of the pandemic or its impact on our business, we believe these measures, as well as access to committed credit under our credit agreement, position the Company well to manage through the current economic uncertainty and capitalize on our position as the global leader in motion and control technologies as the economy recovers.
During 2020, the Company amended and extended its existing multi-currency credit agreement, increasing its capacity to $2,500 million. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had $1,777 million available for borrowing under the credit agreement. The credit agreement expires in September 2024; however, the Company has the right to request a one-year extension of the expiration date on an annual basis, which request may result in changes to the current terms and conditions of the credit agreement. Advances from the credit agreement can be used for general corporate purposes, including acquisitions, and for the refinancing of existing indebtedness. The credit agreement requires the payment of an annual facility fee, the amount of which is dependent upon the Company’s credit ratings. Although a lowering of the Company’s credit ratings would increase the cost of future debt, it would not limit the Company’s ability to use the credit agreement nor would it accelerate the repayment of any outstanding borrowings. Refer to Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

The Company is currently authorized to sell up to $2,500 million of short-term commercial paper notes. There were $724 million outstanding commercial paper notes as of June 30, 2020, and the largest amount of commercial paper notes outstanding during the last quarter of 2020 was $1,089 million.
The Company’s credit agreements and indentures governing certain debt securities contain various covenants, the violation of which would limit or preclude the use of the credit agreements for future borrowings, or might accelerate the maturity of the related outstanding borrowings covered by the indentures. Based on the Company’s rating level at June 30, 2020, the most restrictive financial covenant provides that the ratio of debt to debt-shareholders' equity cannot exceed 0.65 to 1.0. At June 30, 2020, the Company's debt to debt-shareholders' equity ratio was 0.58 to 1.0. We are in compliance and expect to remain in compliance with all covenants set forth in the credit agreement and indentures.


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Contractual Obligations - The total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits, including interest, for uncertain tax positions was $101 million at June 30, 2020. Payment of these obligations would result from settlements with worldwide taxing authorities. Due to the difficulty in determining the timing of the settlements, these obligations are not included in the following summary of the Company's fixed contractual obligations. References to Notes are to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
(dollars in millions)
 
Payments due by period
Contractual obligations
 
Total

 
Less than 1 year

 
1-3 years

 
3-5 years

 
More than 5 years

Transition tax payments related to U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJ Act") (Note 5)
 
$
176

 
$

 
$
12

 
$
96

 
$
68

Long-term debt (Note 10)
 
7,814

 
87

 
675

 
2,615

 
4,437

Interest on long-term debt
 
3,527

 
258

 
498

 
411

 
2,360

Operating leases (Note 11)
 
149

 
46

 
55

 
24

 
24

Retirement benefits (Note 12)
 
118

 
77

 
11

 
10

 
20

Total
 
$
11,784

 
$
468

 
$
1,251

 
$
3,156

 
$
6,909

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

The Company does not have off-balance sheet arrangements.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. The policies discussed below are considered by management to be more critical than other policies because their application places the most significant demands on management's judgment.

Revenue Recognition - Revenues are recognized when control of performance obligations, which are distinct goods or services within the contract, is transferred to the customer. Control is transferred when the customer has the ability to direct the use of and obtain the benefits from the goods or services. A majority of our revenues are recognized at a point in time when control is transferred to the customer, which is generally at the time of shipment. However, a portion of our revenues are recognized over time if the customer simultaneously receives control as we perform work under a contract, if the customer controls the asset as it is being produced, or if the product has no alternative use and we have a contractual right to payment.

For contracts where revenue is recognized over time, we use the cost-to-cost, efforts expended or units of delivery method depending on the nature of the contract, including length of production time. The estimation of these costs and efforts expended requires judgment on the part of management due to the duration of the contractual agreements as well as the technical nature of the products involved. Adjustments to these estimates are made on a consistent basis and a contract reserve is established when the estimated costs to complete a contract exceed the expected contract revenues.

When there are multiple performance obligations within a contract, the transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation based on its standalone selling price. The primary method used to estimate a standalone selling price is the price observed in standalone sales to customers for the same product or service. Revenue is recognized when control of the individual performance obligations is transferred to the customer.

We consider the contractual consideration payable by the customer and assesses variable consideration that may affect the total transaction price. Variable consideration is included in the estimated transaction price when there is a basis to reasonably estimate the amount, including whether the estimate should be constrained in order to avoid a significant reversal of revenue in a future period. These estimates are based on historical experience, anticipated performance under the terms of the contract and our best judgment at the time.

Impairment of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets - We test goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis and between annual tests whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying value of a reporting unit may exceed its fair value. Our six reporting units are equivalent to our operating segments. As quoted market prices are not available for our reporting units, determining whether an impairment occurred requires the valuation of the respective reporting unit, which is

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estimated using both income-based and market-based valuation methods. The income-based valuation method utilizes a discounted cash flow model which requires several assumptions, including future sales growth and operating margin levels as well as assumptions regarding future industry-specific market conditions. Each reporting unit regularly prepares discrete operating forecasts and uses these forecasts as the basis for the assumptions in the discounted cash flow analysis. Within the discounted cash flow models, the Company uses a discount rate, commensurate with its cost of capital but adjusted for inherent business risks, and an appropriate terminal growth factor. The market-based valuation performed for each reporting unit includes an analysis consisting of market-adjusted multiples based on key data points for guideline public companies. We also reconcile the estimated aggregate fair value of our reporting units resulting from these procedures to our overall market capitalization.

At December 31, 2019, the Company performed its annual goodwill impairment test for each of its six reporting units. The results of this test indicated the fair value substantially exceeded carrying value for all reporting units. We continually monitor our reporting units for impairment indicators and update assumptions used in the most recent calculation of the fair value of a reporting unit as appropriate. We did not identify any events or circumstances during 2020 that required performance of an interim impairment test. However, the effects of COVID-19 on the global economy, including further market disruption, lack of economic recovery or lower than anticipated customer demand, may require the performance of additional goodwill impairment tests, and the estimated fair value of certain reporting units could fall below their carrying value.

Long-lived assets held for use, which primarily includes finite-lived intangible assets and plant and equipment, are evaluated for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the undiscounted net cash flows to be generated by their use over their expected useful lives and eventual disposition are less than their carrying value. The long-term nature of these assets requires the estimation of their cash inflows and outflows several years into the future and only takes into consideration technological advances known at the time of the impairment test. During 2020, the Company did not record any material impairment related to long-lived assets.

Pensions - The annual net periodic expense and benefit obligations related to the Company's defined benefit plans are determined on an actuarial basis. This determination requires critical assumptions regarding the discount rate, long-term rate of return on plan assets, increases in compensation levels and amortization periods for actuarial gains and losses. Assumptions are determined based on Company data and appropriate market indicators and are evaluated each year as of the plans' measurement date. Changes in the assumptions to reflect actual experience as well as the amortization of actuarial gains and losses could result in a material change in the annual net periodic expense and benefit obligations reported in the financial statements.

For the Company's domestic qualified defined benefit plan, a 50 basis point change in the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets is estimated to have a $17 million effect on annual pension expense and a 50 basis point decrease in the discount rate is estimated to increase annual pension expense by $28 million. As of June 30, 2020, $1,456 million of past years' net actuarial losses related to the Company's domestic qualified defined benefit plan are subject to amortization in the future. These losses will generally be amortized over approximately seven years and will negatively affect earnings in the future. Any actuarial gains experienced in future years will help reduce the effect of the net actuarial loss amortization. Further information on pensions is provided in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Income Taxes - Significant judgment is required in determining the Company's income tax expense and in evaluating tax positions. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities have been recorded for the differences between the financial accounting and income tax basis of assets and liabilities. Factors considered by the Company in determining the probability of realizing deferred income tax assets include forecasted operating earnings, available tax planning strategies and the time period over which the temporary differences will reverse. The Company reviews its tax positions on a regular basis and adjusts the balances as new information becomes available. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon examination by a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information will be recorded. For those income tax positions where it is not more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the Consolidated Financial Statements. Further information on income taxes is provided in Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Loss Contingencies - The Company has a number of loss exposures incurred in the ordinary course of business such as environmental claims, product liability and litigation reserves. Establishing loss accruals for these matters requires management's estimate and judgment with regards to risk exposure and ultimate liability or realization. We review these loss accruals periodically and make adjustments to reflect the most recent facts and circumstances.

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Table of Contents

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recently issued accounting pronouncements are described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
The Company manages foreign currency transaction and translation risk by utilizing derivative and non-derivative financial instruments, including forward exchange contracts, costless collar contracts, cross-currency swap contracts and certain foreign denominated debt designated as net investment hedges. The derivative financial instrument contracts are with major investment grade financial institutions and we do not anticipate any material non-performance by any of the counterparties. The Company does not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading purposes.
Derivative financial instruments are recognized on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as either assets or liabilities and are measured at fair value. Further information on the fair value of these contracts is provided in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Derivatives that are not designated as hedges are adjusted to fair value by recording gains and losses through the Consolidated Statement of Income. Derivatives that are designated as hedges are adjusted to fair value by recording gains and losses through accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Consolidated Balance Sheet until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. For cross-currency swaps measured using the spot method, the periodic interest settlements are recognized directly in earnings through interest expense. The translation of the foreign denominated debt that has been designated as a net investment hedge is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and remains there until the underlying net investment is sold or substantially liquidated.
The Company's debt portfolio contains variable rate debt, inherently exposing the Company to interest rate risk. The Company's objective is to maintain a 60/40 mix between fixed rate and variable rate debt thereby limiting its exposure to changes in near-term interest rates. A 100 basis point increase in near-term interest rates would increase annual interest expense on variable rate debt existing at June 30, 2020 by approximately $24 million.
As discussed elsewhere in this report, the recent outbreak of COVID-19 has negatively impacted and we expect it to continue to negatively impact our business and results of operations.  As we cannot predict the ultimate duration or scope of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ultimate negative financial impact to our results cannot be reasonably estimated, but could be material.


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ITEM 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
 
Page Number
in Form 10-K
 Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Parker-Hannifin Corporation

Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Parker-Hannifin Corporation and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2020, and the related notes and the schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management excluded from its assessment the internal control over financial reporting at two entities which were acquired within the fiscal year, and whose financial statements constitute approximately 28% of total assets and 7% of net sales for the year ended June 30, 2020. Accordingly, our audit did not include the internal control over financial reporting over these acquired entities.
Basis for Opinions
The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

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Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Acquisitions - Valuation of intangible assets acquired via the acquisition of Exotic Metals Forming Co. & LORD Corporation - Refer to Note 3 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company completed the acquisitions of Exotic Metals Forming Company for $1.706 billion on September 16, 2019 and LORD Corporation for $3.455 billion on October 29, 2019. The Company accounted for the acquisitions under the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. Accordingly, the purchase price was primarily allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their respective fair values, including customer-related and technology intangible assets. Management estimated the fair value of these intangible assets utilizing an income approach. The fair value determination of the customer-related and technology intangible assets required management to make significant assumptions related to the forecasted revenue growth rates and the selection of the discount rates.
We identified the customer-related and technology intangible assets for the Exotic and LORD acquisitions as a critical audit matter because of the significant assumptions management makes to fair value these assets. This required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our fair value specialists, when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s assumptions related to the revenue growth rates and the selection of the discount rates utilized to value these intangible assets.
How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the revenue growth rates and the selection of the assumptions for the intangible assets acquired included the following, among others:
We tested the effectiveness of controls over the valuation of the intangible assets acquired, including management’s controls over the revenue growth rates and selection of the discount rates.
We assessed the reasonableness of the revenue growth rates by comparing the assumptions used in the projections to external market sources, historical data, and results from other areas of the audit.
We performed qualitative and quantitative analyses to identify the assumptions that would significantly impact the overall valuation of the intangible assets acquired. The assumptions identified included (1) revenue growth rate and (2) discount rate.
With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the (1) valuation methodology and (2) discount rates by:
Testing the source information underlying the determination of the discount rates and testing the mathematical accuracy of the calculation.
Developing a range of independent estimates and comparing those to the discount rates selected by management.
We assessed the reasonableness of the revenue growth rates by comparing the assumptions used in the projections to external market sources, historical data, and results from other areas of the audit.

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE, LLP
Cleveland, Ohio
August 26, 2020

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2008.


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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

 
 
For the years ended June 30,
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2020

 
2019

 
2018

Net Sales
 
$
13,695,520

 
$
14,320,324

 
$
14,302,392

Cost of sales
 
10,286,518

 
10,703,484

 
10,737,745

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
1,656,553

 
1,543,939

 
1,639,989

Interest expense
 
308,161

 
190,138

 
213,873

Other (income) expense, net
 
(67,112
)
 
(61,247
)
 
12,991

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets (Note 3)
 
(1,227
)
 
10,585

 
(4,483
)
Income before income taxes
 
1,512,627

 
1,933,425

 
1,702,277

Income taxes (Note 5)
 
305,924

 
420,494

 
640,962

Net Income
 
1,206,703

 
1,512,931

 
1,061,315

Less: Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries' earnings
 
362

 
567

 
514

Net Income Attributable to Common Shareholders
 
$
1,206,341

 
$
1,512,364

 
$
1,060,801

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per Share Attributable to Common Shareholders (Note 6)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
 
$
9.39

 
$
11.63

 
$
7.98

Diluted earnings per share
 
$
9.29

 
$
11.48

 
$
7.83


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 
 
For the years ended June 30,
(Dollars in thousands)
 
2020

 
2019

 
2018

Net Income
 
$
1,206,703

 
$
1,512,931

 
$
1,061,315

Less: Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries' earnings
 
362

 
567

 
514

Net income attributable to common shareholders
 
1,206,341

 
1,512,364

 
1,060,801

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment and other (net of tax of $4,820, $709 and $16,964 in 2020, 2019 and 2018)
 
(182,957
)
 
(66,392
)
 
(18,575
)
  Retirement benefits plan activity (net of tax of $97,477, $71,821 and $(82,506) in 2020, 2019 and 2018)
 
(317,546
)
 
(227,783
)
 
179,253

      Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(500,503
)
 
(294,175
)
 
160,678

Less: Other comprehensive (loss) income for noncontrolling interests
 
(676
)
 
53

 
(440
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income attributable to common shareholders
 
(499,827
)
 
(294,228
)
 
161,118

Total Comprehensive Income Attributable to Common Shareholders
 
$
706,514

 
$
1,218,136

 
$
1,221,919


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.


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BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION

(Dollars in thousands)
 
2020

 
2019

 
2018

Net Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diversified Industrial:
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
 
$
6,456,298

 
$
6,808,948

 
$
6,726,900

International
 
4,504,587

 
5,000,599

 
5,259,793

Aerospace Systems
 
2,734,635

 
2,510,777

 
2,315,699

 
 
$
13,695,520

 
$
14,320,324

 
$
14,302,392

Segment Operating Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diversified Industrial:
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
 
$
985,944

 
$
1,138,586

 
$
1,076,021

International
 
674,763

 
804,890

 
765,188

Aerospace Systems
 
476,900

 
487,757

 
397,970

Total segment operating income
 
2,137,607

 
2,431,233

 
2,239,179

Corporate administration
 
170,903

 
194,994

 
200,901

Income before interest expense and other expense
 
1,966,704

 
2,236,239

 
2,038,278

Interest expense
 
308,161

 
190,138

 
213,873

Other expense
 
145,916