Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc.
10-K on 07/28/2020   Download
SEC Document
SEC Filing
P3YP7YP10Y0001679273false--05-312020FY1055000003900000P3Y444000000000us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationus-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesCurrentus-gaap:LongTermDebtAndCapitalLeaseObligationsCurrentus-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrentus-gaap:LongTermDebtAndCapitalLeaseObligationsP1Yus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionMembertruetruetrue0000026000000us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberP1YP20Y0001679273lw:TermLoanFacilityDue2021Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2017-05-2800016792732018-12-200001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2020-05-310001679273srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2019-05-260001679273srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2019-05-260001679273srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-05-270001679273srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2017-05-280001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2017-05-280001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2017-05-280001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2017-05-280001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:CashSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:CashSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-05-260001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-05-260001679273lw:CashSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:LandMember2019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonRdoFrozenMemberlw:FeesForServicesProvidedMemberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Memberlw:FeesForServicesProvidedMemberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonRdoFrozenMemberlw:FeesForServicesProvidedMemberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Memberlw:FeesForServicesProvidedMemberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonRdoFrozenMemberlw:FeesForServicesProvidedMemberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Memberlw:FeesForServicesProvidedMemberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:VegetableProductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:DairyProductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:ByproductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:NonUsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:VegetableProductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:DairyProductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:ByproductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:NonUsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:VegetableProductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:DairyProductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:ByproductMemberus-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:NonUsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-07-012020-07-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-06-012020-06-300001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:CoVenturerMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:CoVenturerMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LandImprovementsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BuildingMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:LandImprovementsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BuildingMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonAlimentosModernosS.a.Member2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2019-05-272020-05-3100016792732019-05-270001679273us-gaap:GuaranteeOfIndebtednessOfOthersMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:CapitalAdditionsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:CapitalAdditionsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:InventoriesMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-05-310001679273srt:RevisionOfPriorPeriodAccountingStandardsUpdateAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2019-05-270001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Member2020-07-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-03-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-300001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-07-310001679273srt:MinimumMember2020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:NetOperatingLossCarryforwardsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:NetOperatingLossCarryforwardsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:NetOperatingLossCarryforwardsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:FrozenPotatoProcessorInAustraliaMemberlw:GlobalSegmentMember2019-07-012019-07-310001679273lw:FrozenPotatoProcessorInAustraliaMemberlw:GlobalSegmentMember2018-12-012018-12-310001679273us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2020-05-310001679273lw:RetailSegmentMember2020-05-310001679273lw:GlobalSegmentMember2020-05-310001679273lw:FoodserviceSegmentMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2019-05-260001679273lw:RetailSegmentMember2019-05-260001679273lw:GlobalSegmentMember2019-05-260001679273lw:FoodserviceSegmentMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2018-05-270001679273lw:RetailSegmentMember2018-05-270001679273lw:GlobalSegmentMember2018-05-270001679273lw:FoodserviceSegmentMember2018-05-270001679273srt:WeightedAverageMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:WeightedAverageMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonRdoFrozenMember2019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Member2019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonRdoFrozenMember2020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Member2020-05-310001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273lw:AgePre65Member2020-05-310001679273lw:AgePre65Member2019-05-260001679273lw:AgePre65Member2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesNonUsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesNonUsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesNonUsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesNonUsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:QualifiedPlanMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:QualifiedPlanMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:ScenarioForecastMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-06-012021-05-300001679273srt:ScenarioForecastMemberus-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2021-05-300001679273srt:ScenarioForecastMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-05-300001679273us-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember2019-05-260001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:CreditFacilitiesNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-012016-11-300001679273lw:CreditAgreementNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-012016-11-300001679273lw:SeniorNoteDue2028Memberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodThreeMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-122020-05-120001679273lw:SeniorNotesNovember2016Memberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNoteDue2028Memberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodFourMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-122020-05-120001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNoteDue2028Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-05-122020-05-120001679273lw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-04-202020-04-200001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-012016-11-300001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-012016-11-300001679273srt:MinimumMemberlw:LeaseFinancingObligationsDueThrough2040Member2020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberlw:LeaseFinancingObligationsDueThrough2040Member2020-05-310001679273srt:MinimumMemberlw:LeaseFinancingObligationsDueThrough2040Member2019-05-260001679273srt:MaximumMemberlw:LeaseFinancingObligationsDueThrough2040Member2019-05-260001679273lw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberlw:FixedRateDebtMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberlw:VariableRateDebtMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberlw:FixedRateDebtMember2020-05-310001679273lw:OtherCreditFacilitiesMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNoteDue2028Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-120001679273lw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-04-200001679273lw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-06-280001679273lw:OtherCreditFacilitiesMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2019-05-260001679273lw:TermLoanFacilityDue2021Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-300001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2016-11-300001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2016-11-300001679273lw:CreditAgreementNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2016-11-300001679273lw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-05-310001679273lw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-05-310001679273lw:TermLoanFacilityDue2021Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNoteDue2028Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-310001679273lw:TermLoanFacilityDue2021Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-05-260001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2026Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-05-260001679273lw:SeniorNotesDue2024Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-05-260001679273srt:MinimumMemberlw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-04-202020-04-200001679273srt:MinimumMemberlw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-04-202020-04-200001679273srt:MaximumMemberlw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-04-202020-04-200001679273srt:MaximumMemberlw:TermTwoLanFacilityDue2025Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-04-202020-04-200001679273srt:MinimumMemberlw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2019-06-282019-06-280001679273srt:MinimumMemberlw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2019-06-282019-06-280001679273srt:MaximumMemberlw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2019-06-282019-06-280001679273srt:MaximumMemberlw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2019-06-282019-06-280001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:EurodollarMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:EurodollarMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:FederalFundsEffectiveSwapRateMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberlw:RevolvingCreditFacilityNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberlw:OneMonthEuroCurrencyRateMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:McDonaldsCorporationMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:WorkforceSubjectToCollectiveBargainingArrangementsMemberus-gaap:LaborForceConcentrationRiskMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:WorkforceSubjectToCollectiveBargainingArrangementsExpiringWithinOneYearMemberus-gaap:LaborForceConcentrationRiskMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:McDonaldsCorporationMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:McDonaldsCorporationMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-05-270001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2017-05-2800016792732020-06-012020-08-3000016792732019-08-262019-11-2400016792732019-05-272019-08-2500016792732019-02-252019-05-2600016792732018-11-262019-02-2400016792732018-08-272018-11-2500016792732018-05-282018-08-260001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201613Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-05-300001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201814Member2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2020-05-310001679273lw:AccountingStandardsUpdate202004Member2020-05-3100016792732018-05-2700016792732017-05-280001679273lw:LeaseFinancingObligationsDueThrough2040Member2020-05-310001679273lw:LeaseFinancingObligationsDueThrough2040Member2019-05-260001679273lw:FourPointThreeFivePercentLeaseFinancingObligationDue2030Member2019-05-260001679273lw:FrozenPotatoProcessorInAustraliaAcquired2July2019Member2019-07-020001679273lw:FrozenPotatoProcessorInAustraliaMember2018-12-210001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2019-05-260001679273srt:WeightedAverageMember2020-02-242020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:CashSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:CashSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:CashSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2019-05-260001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Memberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonBswLlcMember2018-11-020001679273us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Memberus-gaap:EquityMethodInvesteeMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonAlimentosModernosS.a.Member2019-10-150001679273us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2020-05-310001679273us-gaap:InventoriesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:InventoriesMember2018-05-282019-05-2600016792732020-02-242020-05-310001679273lw:FrozenPotatoProcessorInAustraliaAcquired2July2019Member2019-07-022019-07-020001679273lw:FrozenPotatoProcessorInAustraliaMember2018-12-212018-12-2100016792732019-11-252020-02-230001679273lw:LambWestonMeijerV.o.f.Member2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:LambWestonAlimentosModernosS.a.Member2020-05-3100016792732016-11-092016-11-090001679273us-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:PostretirementBenefitCostsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:TermOneLoanFacilityDue2024Memberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2019-06-282019-06-280001679273lw:CreditFacilitiesNovember2016Member2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:SeniorNoteDue2028Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-122020-05-120001679273lw:SeniorNotesNovember2016Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-05-272020-05-3100016792732019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:RetailSegmentMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:GlobalSegmentMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:FoodserviceSegmentMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:RetailSegmentMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:GlobalSegmentMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:FoodserviceSegmentMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:RetailSegmentMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:GlobalSegmentMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:FoodserviceSegmentMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:LambWestonBswLlcMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:LandMember2009-06-012010-05-300001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-05-272020-05-310001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2018-05-282019-05-260001679273us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2017-05-292018-05-270001679273lw:StockSettledRestrictedStockUnitsMember2017-05-292018-05-2700016792732018-05-282019-05-2600016792732017-05-292018-05-2700016792732019-11-220001679273us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-05-3100016792732020-05-3100016792732020-07-2000016792732019-05-272020-05-31lw:segmentxbrli:sharesiso4217:USDxbrli:shareslw:employeeiso4217:USDutr:acrexbrli:pureutr:lblw:Votelw:payment

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

       ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended May 31, 2020

OR

       TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                 to 

Commission File Number: 1-37830

LAMB WESTON HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

61-1797411

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

599 S. Rivershore Lane
Eagle, Idaho

83616

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(208) 938-1047

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $1.00 par value

LW

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes     No 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes     No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes     No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes     No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes     No 

The aggregate market value of the voting common stock of Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc. held by non-affiliates as of November 22, 2019 (the last trading day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $12.1 billion based upon the closing sale price of the common stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on such date. As of July 20, 2020, the registrant had 146,059,508 shares of common stock, par value $1.00 per share, outstanding.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with its 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part I

Item 1

Business

3

Item 1A

Risk Factors

10

Item 1B

Unresolved Staff Comments

21

Item 2

Properties

21

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

21

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

22

Part II

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

22

Item 6

Selected Financial Data

24

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

25

Item 7A

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

41

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

42

Item 9

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

85

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

86

Item 9B

Other Information

87

Part III

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

87

Item 11

Executive Compensation

87

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

88

Item 13

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

88

Item 14

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

88

Part IV

Item 15

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

89

Item 16

Form 10-K Summary

93

Signatures

94

2

Table of Contents

Forward-Looking Statements

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Words such as “will,” “continue,” “may,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “would,” “could,” “believe,” “estimate,” “grow,” “drive,” “support,” “evaluate,” “enhance,” “adjust,” “maintain,” “improve,” “invest,” “outlook,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our plans, execution, capital investments, operational costs, cash flows, liquidity, dividends, share repurchases, ERP implementation and business outlook and prospects, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the industry and consumer demand. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and are subject to uncertainties and changes in circumstances. Readers of this report should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. Many factors could affect our actual financial results and cause them to vary materially from the expectations contained in the forward-looking statements, including those set forth in this report. These risks and uncertainties include, among other things: impacts on our business due to health pandemics or other contagious outbreaks, such as the current  COVID-19 pandemic, including impacts on demand for our products, increased costs, disruption of supply or other constraints in the availability of key commodities and other necessary services; our ability to successfully execute our long-term value creation strategies; our ability to execute on large capital projects, including construction of new production lines; the competitive environment and related conditions in the markets in which we and our joint ventures operate; political and economic conditions of the countries in which we and our joint ventures conduct business and other factors related to our international operations; disruption of our access to export mechanisms; risks associated with possible acquisitions, including our ability to complete acquisitions or integrate acquired businesses; our debt levels; the availability and prices of raw materials; changes in our relationships with our growers or significant customers; the success of our joint ventures; actions of governments and regulatory factors affecting our businesses or joint ventures; the ultimate outcome of litigation or any product recalls; levels of pension, labor and people-related expenses; our ability to pay regular quarterly cash dividends and the amounts and timing of any future dividends; and other risks described in our reports filed from time to time with the SEC, including those described under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this report. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included in this report, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no responsibility for updating these statements, except as required by law.

PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company,” or “Lamb Weston”), along with its joint venture partners, is a leading global producer, distributor, and marketer of value-added frozen potato products and is headquartered in Eagle, Idaho. We, along with our joint venture partners, are the number one supplier of value-added frozen potato products in North America. We, along with our joint venture partners, are also a leading supplier of value-added frozen potato products internationally, with a strong and growing presence in high-growth emerging markets. We, along with our joint venture partners, offer a broad product portfolio to a diverse channel and customer base in over 100 countries. French fries represent the majority of our value-added frozen potato product portfolio.

We were organized as a Delaware corporation in July 2016, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Conagra Brands, Inc. (formerly, ConAgra Foods, Inc., “Conagra”). On November 9, 2016, we separated from Conagra and became an independent publicly traded company through the pro rata distribution by Conagra of 100% of our outstanding common stock to Conagra stockholders (“Separation”). Our common stock trades under the ticker symbol “LW” on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”).

Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries.

Considerations related to the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”)

In December 2019, an outbreak of illness caused by a novel coronavirus called COVID-19 was identified in Wuhan, China. On January 31, 2020, the United States declared a public health emergency related to the novel coronavirus and on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared that the spread of COVID-19 qualified as a global

3

Table of Contents

pandemic. In an attempt to minimize the transmission of COVID-19, significant social and economic restrictions have been imposed in the United States and internationally. These restrictions have had negative implications for portions of our business and the U.S. and global economy. In the preparation of these financial statements and related disclosures we have assessed the impact that COVID-19 has had on our estimates, assumptions, and forecasts, and made additional disclosures, as necessary. As the COVID-19 situation is unprecedented and ever evolving, future events and effects related to the illness cannot be determined with precision and actual results could significantly differ from estimates or forecasts.

See Item 1A. Risk Factors and Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for further discussion of COVID-19 considerations.

Segments

We have four reportable segments: Global, Foodservice, Retail, and Other. For segment financial information see Note 14, Segments, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

Global

Our Global segment includes frozen potato products sold in North America and international markets to the top 100 North American based restaurant chains and international customers comprised of global and regional restaurant chains, foodservice distributors, and retailers. We have included non-U.S. and non-Canadian retail and foodservice customers in the Global segment due to efficiencies associated with coordinating sales to all customer types within specific markets, as well as due to these customers’ smaller scale and dependence on local economic conditions. The Global segment’s product portfolio includes frozen potatoes, sweet potatoes, and appetizers sold under the Lamb Weston brand, as well as many customer labels.

Foodservice

Our Foodservice segment includes frozen potato products sold throughout the United States and Canada to commercial distributors, restaurant chains outside the top 100 North American based restaurant chains, and non-commercial channels. The Foodservice segment’s primary products are frozen potatoes, sweet potatoes, commercial ingredients, and appetizers sold under the Lamb Weston brand, as well as many customer labels.

Retail

Our Retail segment includes consumer facing frozen potato products sold primarily to grocery, mass merchants, club, and specialty retailers. The Retail segment’s primary products are frozen potatoes and sweet potato items sold under our owned or licensed brands, including Grown in Idaho and Alexia, other licensed equities comprised of brand names of major North American restaurant chains, and the retailers’ own brands.

Other

The Other reporting segment primarily includes our vegetable and dairy businesses and mark-to-market gains and losses associated with commodity hedging contracts before the commodities are used in our business segments.

Joint Venture Relationships

We conduct some of our business through three unconsolidated joint ventures and include our share of the earnings of these affiliates as equity method investment earnings in our consolidated financial statements based on our

4

Table of Contents

economic ownership interest in each of these joint ventures. These joint ventures produce and market value-added frozen potato products for our customers:

We hold a fifty percent ownership interest in Lamb-Weston/Meijer v.o.f. (“Lamb-Weston/Meijer”), a joint venture with Meijer Frozen Foods B.V. Headquartered in the Netherlands, this joint venture manufactures and sells frozen potato products principally in Europe.

We hold a fifty percent ownership interest in Lamb-Weston/RDO Frozen (“Lamb-Weston/RDO”), a joint venture with RDO Frozen Co. This joint venture operates a potato processing facility in Minnesota. We also provide all sales and marketing services to Lamb-Weston/RDO and receive a fee for these services based on a percentage of the net sales of the venture.

We hold a fifty percent ownership interest in Lamb Weston Alimentos Modernos S.A. (“LWAMSA”), a joint venture with Sociedad Commercial del Plata. Headquartered in Argentina, this joint venture manufactures and sells frozen potato products principally in South America.

For more information, see Note 6, Investments in Joint Ventures, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

On November 2, 2018, we entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the “BSW Agreement”) with Ochoa Ag Unlimited Foods, Inc. (“Ochoa”) to acquire the remaining 50.01% interest in Lamb Weston BSW, LLC, a potato processing joint venture (“Lamb Weston BSW”). Prior to entering into the BSW Agreement, we were the primary beneficiary of Lamb Weston BSW, a variable interest entity, and accordingly, we consolidated the financial statements of Lamb Weston BSW and deducted 50.01% of the operating results of the noncontrolling interests to arrive at “Net income attributable to Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc.” on our Consolidated Statements of Earnings. Our Consolidated Statements of Earnings include 100% of Lamb Weston BSW’s earnings beginning November 2, 2018. For more information, see Note 6, Investments in Joint Ventures, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

Sales, Distribution and Customers

We benefit from strong relationships with a diverse set of customers. We sell our products through a combined network of internal sales personnel and independent brokers, agents, and distributors to chain restaurants, wholesale, grocery, mass merchants, club retailers, specialty retailers, and foodservice distributors and institutions, including businesses, educational institutions, independent restaurants, regional chain restaurants, and convenience stores. We have long-tenured relationships with leading quick service and fast casual restaurants, global foodservice distributors, large grocery retailers, and mass merchants.

Our largest customer, McDonald’s Corporation, accounted for approximately 10% of our consolidated net sales in both fiscal 2020 and 2019, and 11% of our consolidated net sales in fiscal 2018. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of our fiscal 2020, 2019, or 2018 consolidated net sales. No customer accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated accounts receivable as of May 31, 2020 or May 26, 2019.

Research and Development

We leverage our research and development resources for both growth and efficiency initiatives. We seek to drive growth through innovation by creating new products, enhancing the quality of existing products, and participating in joint menu planning exercises with our customers. We also emphasize sustainability in our research and development activities and continue to drive processing innovations aimed at reducing waste and water usage and improving food safety. Research and development expenses were $15.4 million in both 2020 and 2019, and $13.5 million in fiscal 2018.

5

Table of Contents

Trademarks, Licenses and Patents

Our trademarks are material to our business and are protected by registration or other means in the United States and most other geographic markets where the related food items are sold. Depending on the country, trademarks generally remain valid for as long as they are in use and their registrations are maintained. Trademark registrations generally are for renewable, fixed terms. Our significant trademarks include: Lamb Weston, Lamb’s Supreme, Lamb Weston Seeing Possibilities in Potatoes (and design), Lamb’s Seasoned, LW Private Reserve, Stealth Fries, and Sweet Things. We also sell certain products, such as Grown in Idaho and Alexia, which we license from third parties.

We own numerous patents worldwide. We consider our portfolio of patents, patent applications, patent licenses, proprietary trade secrets, technology, know-how processes, and related intellectual property rights to be material to our operations. Patents, issued or applied for, cover inventions, including packaging, manufacturing processes, equipment, formulations, and designs. Our issued patents extend for varying periods according to the date of the patent application filing or grant and the legal term of patents in the various countries where patent protection is obtained. The actual protection afforded by a patent, which can vary from country to country, depends upon the type of patent, the scope of its coverage as determined by the patent office or courts in the country, and the availability of legal remedies in the country. While we consider our patent portfolio to be material to our business, the loss of one patent or a group of related patents would not have a material adverse effect on our business.

Raw Materials and Packaging

Our primary raw materials are potatoes, edible oils, and packaging. We source a significant amount of our raw potatoes under both strategic, long-term grower relationships and shorter-term annual contracts. In the United States, most of the potato crop used in our products is grown in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon. For Lamb-Weston/Meijer, European growing regions for the necessary potatoes are concentrated in the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. We also have growing regions in China, Australia, and Argentina. We believe that the grower networks to which we have access provide a sufficient source of raw potato inputs year-to-year. We source edible oils through strategic relationships with key suppliers, and we source energy and packaging materials through multiple suppliers under a variety of agreement types.

The prices paid for these raw materials, as well as other raw materials used in making our products, generally reflect factors such as weather, commodity market fluctuations, currency fluctuations, tariffs, and the effects of governmental agricultural programs. Although the prices of raw materials can be expected to fluctuate as a result of these factors, we believe such raw materials to be in adequate supply.

From time to time, we have faced increased costs for our significant raw materials, packaging and energy inputs. We seek to mitigate higher input costs through long-term relationships, contract strategies, and hedging activities where an active market for an input exists, as well as through our pricing and productivity initiatives.

Manufacturing

We operate 18 manufacturing facilities for our products. See "Item 2. Properties" for more information about our manufacturing facilities. Our joint ventures operate a total of nine manufacturing facilities.

In addition to our own manufacturing facilities, we source a portion of our products under “co-packing” agreements, a common industry practice in which manufacturing is outsourced to other companies. We regularly evaluate our co-packing arrangements to ensure the most cost-effective manufacturing of our products and to utilize company-owned manufacturing facilities most effectively.

International Operations

At May 31, 2020, we had operations in eighteen countries, with manufacturing and processing facilities in four countries. Foreign net sales, including sales by domestic segments to customers located outside of the United States, were approximately $752.9 million, $742.7 million, and $665.8 million in fiscal 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively. Our long-

6

Table of Contents

lived assets located outside of the United States are not significant. See Note 14, Segments, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K for additional information on our U.S. and non-U.S. operations. Also see “Item 2. Properties,” for more information on our manufacturing and other facilities. For a discussion of risks related to our operations outside the United States, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.

Backlog

We manufacture primarily to fill customer orders from finished goods inventories. While at any given time there may be some backlog of orders due to the seasonal nature of our manufacturing activities and associated inventory, such backlog is not material in respect to annual net sales, and the changes of backlog orders from time to time are not significant.

Competition

The value-added frozen potato products industry in North America, Europe and other international markets is highly competitive. Competitors include large North American and European frozen potato product companies that compete globally, as well as local and regional companies. Significant competitors include Agristo NV, Aviko B.V., Cavendish Farms Corporation, Clarebout Potatoes NV, Farm Frites International B.V., J.R. Simplot Company, The Kraft Heinz Company, McCain Foods Limited, and Mydibel S.A. Some of our competitors are larger and have substantially more financial, sales and marketing, and other resources. We compete with producers of similar products on the basis of, among other things, customer service, value, product innovation, product quality, brand recognition and loyalty, price, and the ability to identify and satisfy customer preferences. The markets in which we operate are expected to remain highly competitive for the foreseeable future. See also “Item 1A. Risk Factors – Increased competition may result in reduced sales or profits” of this Form 10-K.

Seasonality

Our product contribution margin percentage, inventory levels, net sales and cash flows are affected by seasonality. In general, our product contribution margin percentage tends to be highest in our fiscal third quarter, reflecting the benefit of freshly-harvested potatoes. We typically harvest potatoes in the Pacific Northwest of the United States in July through October, which is primarily in our fiscal second quarter. Freshly-harvested potatoes process more efficiently in our production lines and are not subject to storage or secondary transport costs. We typically hold about 60 days of finished goods inventory on a first-in-first-out basis, so the relatively favorable costs primarily incurred from our fiscal second quarter harvest flow through our income statement in our fiscal third quarter. Inventory levels also tend to be higher in our fiscal third quarter, requiring more working capital at that time. In general, net sales and cash flows tend to be higher in our fiscal fourth quarter, reflecting customer and consumer buying patterns.

Due to severe impacts of the government mandated shutdowns in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, seasonal variations in the demand for our products in fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 differed from prior years. The fiscal fourth quarter operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the entire year.

Employees

As of June 30, 2020, we had approximately 7,700 employees. Approximately 800 of these employees work outside of the United States. Approximately 23% of our employees are parties to collective bargaining agreements on terms that we believe are typical for the industry in which we operate. Most of the union workers at our facilities are represented under contracts that expire at various times throughout the next several years. Collective bargaining agreements that represent approximately 19% of our hourly employees, who are parties to collective bargaining agreements, expire in fiscal 2021. As these agreements expire, we believe they will be renegotiated on terms satisfactory to us. 

7

Table of Contents

Information About Our Executive Officers

The following are our executive officers as of July 20, 2020:

Name

Title

Age

Thomas P. Werner

Director, President and Chief Executive Officer

54

Robert M. McNutt

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

60

Micheline C. Carter

Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer

54

Sharon L. Miller

Senior Vice President and General Manager, Global Business Unit

54

Gerardo Scheufler

Senior Vice President and Chief Supply Chain Officer

52

Michael J. Smith

Senior Vice President and General Manager of Foodservice, Retail, Marketing and Innovation

43

Eryk J. Spytek

Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

52

Thomas P. Werner has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of our Board of Directors since November 2016. Prior to that, he served as President, Commercial Foods, for Conagra, a food company, since May 2015. In that role, he led the company’s Lamb Weston and Foodservice businesses, as well as its previously divested Spicetec Flavors & Seasonings and J.M. Swank operations. Mr. Werner also served as interim President of Conagra’s Private Brands from June 2015 through its divestiture in February 2016. Before his appointment as President, Commercial Foods, Mr. Werner served as Senior Vice President of Finance for Conagra’s Private Brands and Commercial Foods operating segments from June 2013 to April 2015, and Senior Vice President of Finance for Lamb Weston from May 2011 until June 2013.

Robert M. McNutt has served as our Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since January 2017. Prior to joining Lamb Weston, Mr. McNutt served as Chief Financial Officer of Expera Specialty Solutions, LLC, a specialty paper company, from September 2013 to December 2016. Mr. McNutt served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Greif, Inc., an industrial packaging company, from January 2011 to July 2013, and as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Boise Inc., a packaging and paper products manufacturer, from February 2008 to January 2011.

Micheline C. Carter has served as our Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer since November 2016. Ms. Carter joined Lamb Weston in September 2016. From July 2012 until September 2016, she served in a variety of roles with The Kraft Heinz Company, a food and beverage company, including as Head of U.S. People and Performance and Global Corporate Functions from November 2015 to September 2016, Vice President of Human Resources, Global Corporate Functions from August 2015 until October 2015, Vice President of Human Resources, Cheese & Dairy from January 2015 until July 2015, and Senior Director Human Resources & Global Exports from July 2012 until January 2015. Before joining The Kraft Heinz Company, Ms. Carter served from February 2011 until July 2012 as Senior Director Human Resources, Solar Energy & Solar Materials with MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc. (now known as SunEdison, Inc.), a supplier of silicon wafers to semiconductor and photovoltaic cell companies. Before that, Ms. Carter served in a variety of roles with J. C. Penney Company, Inc., an apparel and home furnishings retailer, Yum! Brands, Inc., an operator of quick service restaurants, and Texas Instruments Incorporated, a semiconductor design and manufacturing company.

Sharon L. Miller has served as our Senior Vice President and General Manager, Global Business Unit since September 2016. Before that, she served as Conagra’s Vice President and General Manager, Lamb Weston Global Business Unit since 2015. Since joining Conagra in 1999, Ms. Miller has held various leadership positions, including Vice President of Sales for Lamb Weston's European joint venture, Lamb-Weston/Meijer. Prior to that, Ms. Miller was a key sales and business leader within Lamb Weston in both the United States and Canada. She also has held various sales positions with North American food manufacturers and foodservice distributors.

8

Table of Contents

Gerardo Scheufler has served as our Senior Vice President and Chief Supply Chain Officer since August 2019. Prior to joining Lamb Weston, Mr. Scheufler served as the Vice President of Global Operations at Mondelez International, Inc., a food and beverage company, from July 2014 until August 2019. During his tenure at Mondelez International, Mr. Scheufler oversaw a major global restructuring program to optimize the global supply chain footprint, including the manufacturing, customer service, quality, logistics, health, safety and environment, and innovation functions. Prior to that, Mr. Scheufler spent more than 20 years at The Procter & Gamble Company, a consumer goods corporation, in a variety of roles of increasing responsibility after starting his career in plant operations in 1990.

Michael J. Smith has served as our Senior Vice President and General Manager of Foodservice, Retail, Marketing and Innovation since April 2018. Prior to that, he served as Senior Vice President, Growth and Strategy beginning in September 2016. Mr. Smith also served as Vice President and General Manager of Lamb Weston Retail from May 2011 to September 2016, Vice President and General Manager of Conagra’s Private Brands from March 2014 to February 2016, and Vice President of Global Marketing of Lamb Weston from July 2012 to March 2014. Prior to joining Conagra in 2007, Mr. Smith held various brand management roles at Dean Foods Company, a food and beverage company, and its WhiteWave division from May 2003 until December 2007.

Eryk J. Spytek has served as our Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary since October 2016. From June 2015 until October 2016, Mr. Spytek was Of Counsel at Winston & Strawn LLP, a law firm. Before returning to Winston & Strawn LLP, he served from December 2009 until April 2015 in a variety of roles with Mead Johnson Nutrition Company, a manufacturer of infant formula, including as Vice President, Deputy General Counsel and Assistant Secretary from April 2013 to April 2015 and as Vice President, Associate General Counsel and Assistant Secretary from December 2009 to April 2013. Before that, Mr. Spytek served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary at SIRVA, Inc., a moving and relocation services provider, from February 2006 to February 2009. Before joining SIRVA, Inc., Mr. Spytek was a partner at Winston & Strawn LLP.

Ethics and Governance

We have adopted a code of conduct that applies to all of our employees, as well as a code of ethics for senior corporate financial officers that applies to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Controller. These codes are available on our website at www.lambweston.com through the “Investors—Corporate Governance” link. We will disclose any waiver we grant to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, or Controller under our codes, or certain amendments to the codes, on our website at www.lambweston.com.

In addition, we adopted Corporate Governance Principles and charters for the Audit and Finance Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, and Compensation Committee. All of these materials are available on our website at www.lambweston.com and will be provided free of charge to any stockholder requesting a copy by writing to: Corporate Secretary, Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc., 599 S. Rivershore Lane, Eagle, Idaho 83616.

The information on our website is not, and shall not be deemed to be, a part of this Form 10-K or incorporated into any other filings we make with the SEC.

Food Safety and Labeling

We are subject to extensive regulation, including, among other things, the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, as amended by the Food Safety Modernization Act, the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”). This comprehensive and evolving regulatory program governs, among other things, the manufacturing, composition and ingredients, labeling, packaging, and safety of food, including compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices. In addition, the Nutrition Label Reform Act of 2016 and regulations promulgated thereunder by the FDA, prescribes the format and content in which specific nutrition information is required to appear on the labels of food products. We are also subject to regulation by certain other governmental agencies, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Our operations and products are also subject to state and local regulation, including the registration and licensing of plants, enforcement by state health agencies of various state standards, and the registration and inspection of facilities.

9

Table of Contents

Compliance with federal, state, and local regulation is costly and time-consuming. Enforcement actions for violations of federal, state, and local regulations may include seizure and condemnation of products, cease and desist orders, injunctions, voluntary recalls or market withdrawals of products, and monetary penalties. We believe that our practices are sufficient to maintain compliance with applicable government regulations.

Environmental, Health and Safety Regulations

We are subject to a number of federal, state, and local laws and other regulations relating to the protection of the environment and the safety and health of personnel and the public. These requirements apply to a broad range of our activities, including: the discharge of pollutants into the air, land and water; the identification, generation, storage, handling, transportation, disposal, recordkeeping, labeling, spill prevention and reporting of, and emergency response in connection with, hazardous materials; noise emissions from our facilities; and safety and health standards, practices, and procedures that apply to the workplace and the operation of our facilities.

In order to comply with these requirements, we may need to spend substantial amounts of money and other resources from time to time to (i) construct or acquire new equipment, (ii) acquire or amend permits to authorize facility operations, (iii) modify, upgrade, or replace existing and proposed equipment, and (iv) clean up or decommission our facilities or other locations in accordance with regulatory requirements. Our capital and operating budgets include costs and expenses associated with complying with these laws and other requirements.

Available Information

We make available, free of charge on our website at www.lambweston.com, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file them with, or furnish them to, the SEC. The SEC also maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC; the address of that site is https://www.sec.gov. We use our website, through the “Investors” link, as a channel for routine distribution of important information, including news releases, analyst presentations, and financial information. Additionally, in June 2020, we released our first environmental, social, and governance report that describes our sustainability programs. The report can be found on our website at https://esg.lambweston.com. The information on our website, including our environmental, social, and governance report, is not, and shall not be deemed to be, a part of this Form 10-K or incorporated into any other filings we make with the SEC unless expressly noted.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Our business is subject to various risks and uncertainties. Any of the risks and uncertainties described below could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations and should be considered in evaluating us. While we believe we have identified and discussed below the material risks affecting our business, there may be additional risks and uncertainties that we do not presently know or that we do not currently believe to be material that may adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations in the future.

Government actions to control the spread of COVID-19 have adversely impacted, and are likely to continue to adversely impact, our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The efforts by national, state and local governments worldwide to control the spread of COVID-19 have resulted in widespread measures aimed at containing the disease such as quarantines, travel bans, shutdowns, and shelter-in-place or stay-at-home orders, which have significantly restricted the movement of people and goods. These restrictions and measures, and our efforts to act in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers, vendors, and joint venture and other business partners, have affected and are continuing to affect our business and operations by, among other things, causing the closure of many sit down restaurants; reducing demand at quick service restaurants; causing us to modify a number of our normal business practices including the ongoing evaluation of our manufacturing employees’ COVID-19 symptom status; evaluating the need for facility closures or temporary shutdowns to protect employee health; disrupting production timing; disrupting our supply chain; disrupting the transport of goods from our supply chain to us and from us

10

Table of Contents

to our customers; requiring modifications to our business processes; requiring the modification of business continuity plans; requiring the implementation of social distancing measures that require changes to existing manufacturing practices; disrupting business travel; disrupting our ability to staff our on-site manufacturing and research and development facilities; delaying capital expansion projects and other capital expenditures; and necessitating teleworking by a large proportion of our workforce. These impacts have caused, and are expected to continue to cause, changes in the mix of products sold, decreases in revenue, and increases in costs resulting in decreased profitability and cash flows from operations, which have caused, and are expected to cause, an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations that may be material.

In addition, we cannot predict the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our customers, suppliers, vendors and joint venture and other business partners, and each of their financial conditions. Any material adverse effect on these parties could adversely impact us. In this regard, the potential duration and impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and on our business, financial condition and results of operations are difficult to predict and cannot be estimated with any degree of certainty, but the pandemic has resulted in significant disruption of global financial markets, increases in levels of unemployment and economic uncertainty, which has adversely impacted our business and may continue to do so. These developments may lead to significant negative impacts on customer spending, demand for our products, the ability of our customers to pay, our financial condition and the financial condition of our suppliers, and may also negatively impact our access to external sources of financing to fund our operations or make capital expenditures.

The impact of COVID-19 may also exacerbate other risks discussed in this Form 10-K, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. This situation is changing rapidly and additional impacts may arise that we currently are not aware of.

Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by increased costs, disruption of supply or interruptions or other constraints in the availability of key commodities and other necessary services.

A significant portion of our cost of goods comes from commodities such as raw potatoes, edible oil, and energy. These commodities are subject to price volatility and fluctuations in availability caused by many factors, including changes in global supply and demand, weather conditions (including any potential effects of climate change), fire, natural disasters (such as a hurricane, tornado, earthquake, wildfire or flooding), disease or pests, agricultural uncertainty, health epidemics or pandemics or other contagious outbreaks, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, governmental incentives and controls (including import/export restrictions, such as new or increased tariffs, sanctions, quotas or trade barriers), limited or sole sources of supply, political uncertainties, acts of terrorism, governmental instability or currency exchange rates. In addition, we also incur expenses in connection with the transportation and delivery of our products. Commodity price increases, or a sustained interruption or other constraints in the supply or availability of key commodities, including necessary services such as transportation and warehousing, may increase our operating costs and could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. We may not be able to increase our product prices and achieve cost savings that fully offset these increased costs; and increasing prices may result in reduced sales volume and decreased profitability. There is currently no active derivatives market for potatoes in the United States. Although we have experience in hedging against commodity price increases, these practices and experience reduce, but do not eliminate, the risk of negative profit impacts from commodity price increases. As a result, the risk management procedures that we use may not always work as we intend.

In addition, our future success and earnings growth depend in part on our ability to maintain the appropriate cost structure and operate efficiently in the highly competitive value-added frozen potato product category. We continue to implement profit-enhancing initiatives that improve the efficiency of our supply chain and general and administrative functions. These initiatives are focused on cost-saving opportunities in procurement, manufacturing, logistics, and customer service, as well as general and administrative functions. However, gaining additional efficiencies may become more difficult over time. In addition, we may have significant supply chain disruptions due to a number of factors outside of our control, including public health crises such as the current COVID-19 pandemic. These factors may lead to our inability to access or deliver products that meet requisite quality and safety standards in a timely and efficient manner, which could lead to increased warehouse and other storage costs. Our failure to reduce costs through productivity gains or the elimination of redundant costs, or the occurrence of a significant supply chain disruption or the inability to access or

11

Table of Contents

deliver products, could adversely affect our profitability and weaken our competitive position or otherwise harm our business.

Increased competition may result in reduced sales or profits.

Our business, value-added frozen potato products, is highly competitive. Our principal competitors have substantial financial, sales and marketing, and other resources. A strong competitive response from one or more of our competitors to our marketplace efforts could result in us reducing pricing, increasing promotional activity or losing market share. Competitive pressures also may restrict our ability to increase prices, including in response to commodity and other input cost increases or additional improvements in product quality. Our profits could decrease if a reduction in prices or increased costs are not counterbalanced with increased sales volume.

Increased industry capacity may result in reduced sales or profits.

In recent years, market demand for value-added frozen potato products has exceeded industry capacity to produce these products. As additional industry capacity comes online, or market demand otherwise decreases, including as a result of the current COVID-19 pandemic, we may face competitive pressures that would restrict our ability to increase or maintain prices. Our profits would decrease as a result of a reduction in prices or sales volume.

Our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be adversely affected by the political and economic conditions of the countries in which we conduct business and other factors related to our international operations, including foreign currency risks and trade barriers.

We conduct a substantial and growing amount of business with customers located outside the United States, including through our joint ventures. During each of fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018, net sales outside the United States, primarily in Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Taiwan, accounted for approximately 20% of our net sales. These amounts do not include any impact of unconsolidated net sales associated with our joint ventures, which are also subject to risks associated with international operations.

Many factors relating to our international sales and operations, many of which factors are outside of our control, could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, and results of operations, including:

pandemics and other public health crises, such as the flu and in particular the current COVID-19 pandemic, which may decrease revenues, disrupt our supply chain or otherwise increase our storage, production or distribution costs and adversely affect our workforce, local suppliers, customers and consumers of our products;
foreign exchange rates, foreign currency exchange and transfer restrictions, which may unpredictably and adversely impact our combined operating results, asset and liability balances, and cash flow in our consolidated financial statements, even if their value has not changed in their original currency;
our consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars, and we must translate the assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses into U.S. dollars for external reporting purposes;
changes in trade, monetary and fiscal policies of the United States and foreign governments, including modification or termination of existing trade agreements (e.g., the North American Free Trade Agreement) or treaties, creation of new trade agreements or treaties (e.g. the United States - Mexico - Canada Agreement), trade regulations, and increased or new tariffs, quotas, import or export licensing requirements, and other trade barriers imposed by governments. In particular, changes in U.S. trade programs and trade relations with other countries, including the imposition of trade protection measures by foreign countries in favor of their local producers of competing products, such as governmental subsidies, tax benefits, and other measures giving local producers a competitive advantage over Lamb Weston, may adversely affect our business and results of operations in those countries;
negative economic developments in economies around the world and the instability of governments, including the threat of wars, terrorist attacks, epidemics or civil unrest;
earthquakes, tsunamis, droughts, floods or other major disasters that may limit the supply of raw materials that are purchased abroad for use in our international operations or domestically;

12

Table of Contents

increased costs, disruptions in shipping or reduced availability of freight transportation and warehousing;
differing employment practices and labor standards in the international markets in which we operate;
differing levels of protection of intellectual property across the international markets in which we operate;
difficulties and costs associated with complying with U.S. laws and regulations applicable to entities with overseas operations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act;
the threat that our operations or property could be subject to nationalization and expropriation;
varying regulatory, tax, judicial and administrative practices in the international markets in which we operate;
difficulties associated with operating under a wide variety of complex foreign laws, treaties and regulations;
potentially burdensome taxation; and
uncertainty regarding the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) as certain of our interest rates on debt obligations and investments are based on LIBOR, and a portion of our indebtedness bears interest at variable interest rates, primarily based on LIBOR. LIBOR is the subject of recent national, international and other regulatory guidance and proposals for reform, which may cause LIBOR to disappear entirely after 2021 or to perform differently than in the past. While we expect that reasonable alternatives to LIBOR will be implemented prior to the 2021 target date, we cannot predict the consequences and timing of these developments, and they could include an increase in our interest expense and/or a reduction in our interest income.

Any of these factors could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Disruption of our access to export mechanisms could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

To serve our customers globally, we rely in part on our international joint venture partnerships, but also on exports from the United States. During fiscal 2020, 2019, and 2018, export sales from the United States accounted for approximately 16%, 16%, and 17%, respectively, of our total net sales. Circumstances beyond our control, such as a labor dispute at a port or workforce disruption due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, could prevent us from exporting our products in sufficient quantities to meet customer opportunities. We have access to production outside of the United States through our facilities in Australia, Canada and China and joint ventures in Argentina and Europe, but we may be unsuccessful in mitigating any future disruption to export mechanisms. If this occurs, we may be unable to adequately supply all of our customer opportunities, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Our substantial debt may limit cash flow available to invest in the ongoing needs of our business and could prevent us from fulfilling our debt obligations.

We have incurred substantial indebtedness. As of May 31, 2020, we had $3,041.4 million of long-term debt, including current portion, recorded on our Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our level of debt could have important consequences. For example, it could:

make it more difficult for us to make payments on our debt;
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to the payment of debt service, reducing the availability of our cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, and other general corporate purposes;
increase our vulnerability to adverse economic or industry conditions;
limit our ability to obtain additional financing in the future to enable us to react to changes in our business; or
place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to businesses in our industry that have less debt.

13

Table of Contents

The agreements governing our debt contain various covenants that impose restrictions on us that may affect our ability to operate our business.

The credit agreements governing our term loans and revolving credit facility and the indentures governing our senior notes contain covenants that, among other things, limit our ability to:

borrow money or guarantee debt;
create liens;
pay dividends on or redeem or repurchase stock;
make specified types of investments and acquisitions;
enter into agreements that limit the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or other payments to us;
enter into transactions with affiliates; and
sell assets or merge with other companies.

These restrictions on our ability to operate our business could harm our business by, among other things, limiting our ability to take advantage of financing, merger and acquisition and other corporate opportunities.

Various risks, uncertainties and events beyond our control could affect our ability to comply with these covenants. Failure to comply with any of the covenants in our existing or future financing agreements could result in a default under those agreements and under other agreements containing cross-default provisions. A default would permit lenders to accelerate the maturity of the debt under these agreements and to foreclose upon any collateral securing the debt. Under these circumstances, we might not have sufficient funds or other resources to satisfy all of our obligations. Also, the limitations imposed by these financing agreements on our ability to incur additional debt and to take other actions might significantly impair our ability to obtain other financing.

In addition, the restrictive covenants in our credit agreements require us to maintain specified financial ratios and satisfy other financial condition tests. We cannot provide assurance that we will continue to be in compliance with these ratios and tests. Our ability to continue to meet those financial ratios and tests will depend on our ongoing financial and operating performance, which, in turn, will be subject to economic conditions and to financial, market, and competitive factors, many of which are beyond our control. A breach of any of these covenants could result in a default under one or more of our debt instruments, including as a result of cross default provisions and, in the case of our revolving credit facility, permit the lenders thereunder to cease making loans to us. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under our credit facilities, the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding thereunder to be immediately due and payable and terminate all commitments to extend further credit. Such action by the lenders could cause cross-defaults under our senior notes indentures.

Additionally, any failure to meet required payments on our debt, or failure to comply with any covenants in the instruments governing our debt, could result in a downgrade to our credit ratings. A downgrade in our credit ratings could limit our access to capital and increase our borrowing costs. Further, under the terms of the tax matters agreement we entered into with Conagra at the spinoff, we may not retire, repurchase, or significantly modify our senior notes due 2024 and 2026 during the five-year period following the spinoff.

Our business relies on a potato crop that has a concentrated growing region.

Ideal growing conditions for the potatoes necessary for our value-added products (e.g., french fries) are concentrated in a few geographic regions globally. In the United States, most of the potato crop used in value-added products is grown in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon. European growing regions for the necessary potatoes are concentrated in Austria, Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Recent agronomic developments have opened new growing regions, but the capital-intensive nature of our industry’s production processes has kept production highly concentrated in the historical growing regions. Unfavorable crop conditions in any one region, such as the drought in Europe during our fiscal year 2019, could lead to significant demand on the other regions for production. Our inability to mitigate any such conditions by leveraging our production capabilities in other regions could negatively impact our ability to meet customer opportunities and could decrease our profitability.

14

Table of Contents

Our business is affected by potato crop performance.

Our primary input is potatoes and every year, we must procure potatoes that meet the quality standards for processing into value-added products. Environmental and climate conditions, such as soil quality, moisture, and temperature, affect the quality of the potato crop on a year-to-year basis. As a result, we source potatoes from specific regions of the United States and specific countries abroad, including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, where we believe the optimal potato growing conditions exist. However, severe weather conditions during the planting and growing season in these regions can significantly affect potato crop performance, such as the drought in Europe during our fiscal year 2019. Potatoes are also susceptible to pest diseases and insects that can cause crop failure, decreased yields, and negatively affect the physical appearance of the potatoes. We have deep experience in agronomy and actively work to monitor the potato crop. However, if a weather or pest-related event occurs in a particular crop year, and our agronomic programs are insufficient to mitigate the impacts thereof, we may have insufficient potatoes to meet our customer opportunities, and our competitiveness and profitability could decrease. Alternatively, overly favorable growing conditions can lead to high per acre yields and over-supply. An increased supply of potatoes could lead to overproduction of finished goods and associated increased storage costs or destruction of unused potatoes at a loss.

Changes in our relationships with our growers could adversely affect us.

We expend considerable resources to develop and maintain relationships with many potato growers. In some instances, we have entered into long-term agreements with growers; however, a portion of our potato needs are typically sourced on an annual basis. To the extent we are unable to maintain positive relationships with our long-term growers, contracted growers deliver less supply than we expect, or we are unable to secure sufficient potatoes from uncontracted growers in a given year, we may not have sufficient potato supply to satisfy our business opportunities. To obtain sufficient potato supply, we may be required to purchase potatoes at prices substantially higher than expected, or forgo sales to some market segments, which would reduce our profitability. If we forgo sales to such market segments, we may lose customers and may not be able to replace them later.

Changes in our relationships with significant customers could adversely affect us.

We maintain a diverse customer base across our four reporting segments. Customers include global, national and regional quick serve and fast casual restaurants as well as small, independently operated restaurants, multinational, broadline foodservice distributors, as well as regional foodservice distributors, and major food retailers. Some of these customers independently represent a meaningful portion of our sales. In addition, we depend on foodservice distributors to help us create end-customer demand, provide technical support and other value-added services to customers, fill customer orders, and stock our products. A material change in our relationship with one or more of these distributors or their failure to perform as expected could reduce our revenue. The foodservice distributors also sell products that compete with our products, and we sometimes need to provide financial and other incentives to focus them on the sale of our products. While we contract annually or biannually with many of our foodservice customers, the loss of a significant customer or a material reduction in sales to a significant customer could materially impact the business.

Our largest customer, McDonald’s Corporation, accounted for approximately 10% of our consolidated net sales in both fiscal 2020 and 2019, and 11% of our consolidated net sales in fiscal 2018. There can be no assurance that our customers will continue to purchase our products in the same quantities or on the same terms as in the past. The loss of a significant customer or a material reduction in sales to a significant customer could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, the financial condition of our significant customers, including restaurants, distributors and retailers, are affected by events that are largely beyond our control. Deterioration in the financial condition of significant customers could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

The sophistication and buying power of some of our customers could have a negative impact on profits.

Some of our customers are large and sophisticated, with buying power and negotiating strength. These customers may be more capable of resisting price increases and more likely to demand lower pricing, increased promotional

15

Table of Contents

programs, or specialty tailored products. In addition, some of these customers (e.g., larger distributors and supermarkets) have the scale to develop supply chains that permit them to operate with reduced inventories or to develop and market their own brands. Shelf space at food retailers is not guaranteed, and large retail customers may choose to stock their own retailer and other economy brands that compete with some of our products. We continue to implement initiatives to counteract these pressures, including efficiency programs and investments in innovation and quality. However, if we are unable to counteract the negotiating strength of these customers, our profitability could decline.

We must identify changing consumer preferences and consumption trends and develop and offer food products to our customers that help meet those preferences and trends.

Consumer preferences evolve over time and our success depends on our ability to identify the tastes and dietary habits of consumers and offer products that appeal to those preferences. We need to continue to respond to these changing consumer preferences and support our customers in their efforts to evolve to meet those preferences. For example, as consumers focus on freshly prepared foods, some restaurants may choose to limit the frying capabilities of their kitchens. As a result, we must evolve our product offering to provide alternatives that work in such a preparation environment. In addition, our products contain carbohydrates, sodium, genetically modified ingredients, added sugars, saturated fats, and preservatives, the diet and health effects of which remain the subject of public scrutiny. We must continue to reformulate our products, introduce new products and create product extensions without a loss of the taste, texture, and appearance that consumers demand in value-added potato products. All of these efforts require significant research and development and marketing investments. If our products fail to meet consumer preferences or customer requirements, or we fail to introduce new and improved products on a timely basis, then the return on those investments will be less than anticipated, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

A portion of our business is, and several of our growth strategies are, conducted through joint ventures that do not operate solely for our benefit.

We have built our company, in part, through the creation of joint ventures, some of which we do not control. In these relationships, we share ownership and management of a company that operates for the benefit of all owners, rather than our exclusive benefit. Through our extensive experience in operating a portion of our business through joint ventures, we understand that joint ventures often require additional resources and procedures for information sharing and decision-making. If our joint venture partners take actions that have negative impacts on the joint venture, or disagree with the strategies we have developed to grow these businesses, we may have limited ability to influence and mitigate those actions or decisions and our ability to achieve our growth strategies may be negatively impacted.

If we are unable to complete potential acquisitions that strategically fit our business objectives, integrate acquired businesses, or execute on large capital projects, our financial results could be materially and adversely affected.

From time to time, we evaluate acquisition candidates that may strategically fit our business objectives. Our acquisition activities may present financial, managerial, and operational risks. Those risks include: (i) diversion of management attention from existing businesses, (ii) difficulties integrating personnel and financial and other systems, (iii) difficulties implementing effective control environment processes, (iv) adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers and customers, (v) inaccurate estimates of fair value made in the accounting for acquisitions and amortization of acquired intangible assets, which would reduce future reported earnings, (vi) potential loss of customers or key employees of acquired businesses, and (vii) indemnities and potential disputes with the sellers. If we are unable to complete acquisitions or successfully integrate and develop acquired businesses or execute on large capital projects, such as new production lines, our financial results could be materially and adversely affected.

New regulations imposed by the FDA or EFSA around acrylamide formation in potato products could adversely affect us.

The regulation of food products, both within the United States and internationally, continues to be a focus for governmental scrutiny. The presence and/or formation of acrylamide in potato products cooked at high temperatures has become a global regulatory issue as both the FDA and the European Food Safety Authority (‘‘EFSA’’) have issued guidance to the food processing industry to work to reduce conditions that favor the formation of this naturally occurring

16

Table of Contents

compound. Acrylamide formation is the result of heat processing reactions that give ‘‘browned foods’’ their desirable flavor. Acrylamide formation occurs in many food types in the human diet, including but not limited to breads, toast, cookies, coffee, crackers, potatoes, and olives. The regulatory approach to acrylamide has generally been to encourage the industry to achieve as low as reasonably achievable content levels through process control (temperature) and material testing (low sugar and low asparagine). However, limits for acrylamide content have been established for some food types in the State of California, and point of sale consumer warnings are required if products exceed those limits. In addition, the EFSA has recently promulgated regulations establishing specific mitigation measures, sampling and analysis procedures and benchmark levels for acrylamide in certain food products. If the global regulatory approach to acrylamide becomes more stringent and additional legal limits are established, our manufacturing costs could increase. In addition, if consumer perception regarding the safety of our products is negatively impacted due to regulation, sales of our products could decrease.

If we fail to comply with the many laws and regulations applicable to our business, we may face lawsuits or incur significant fines and penalties.

Our facilities and products are subject to many laws and regulations administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the FDA, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and other federal, state, local, and foreign governmental agencies relating to the processing, packaging, storage, distribution, advertising, labeling, quality, and safety of food products, and the health and safety of our employees. Our failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could subject us to lawsuits, administrative penalties, and civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, and recalls of our products.

Our operations are also subject to extensive and increasingly stringent regulations administered by the Environmental Protection Agency, and comparable state agencies, which pertain to the protection of the environment, including, but not limited to, discharge of materials into the environment and the handling and disposition of wastes. Failure to comply with these regulations can have serious consequences, including civil and administrative penalties and negative publicity. Changes in applicable laws or regulations or evolving interpretations thereof, including increased government regulations to limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions as a result of concern over climate change, may result in increased compliance costs, capital expenditures, and other financial obligations for us, which could affect our profitability or impede the production or distribution of our products, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Litigation could expose us to significant costs and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We are, or may become, party to various lawsuits and claims arising in the ordinary course of business, which may include lawsuits or claims relating to commercial liability, product recalls, product liability, product claims, employment matters, environmental matters, or other aspects of our business. Litigation is inherently unpredictable, and although we may believe we have meaningful defenses in these matters, we may incur judgments or enter into settlements of claims that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. The costs of responding to or defending litigation may be significant and may divert the attention of management away from our strategic objectives. There may also be adverse publicity associated with litigation that may decrease customer confidence in our business, regardless of whether the allegations are valid or whether we are ultimately found liable. As a result, litigation may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We may be subject to product liability claims and product recalls, which could negatively impact our relationships with customers and harm our business.

We sell food products for human consumption, which involves risks such as product contamination or spoilage, product tampering, other adulteration of food products, mislabeling, and misbranding. We may voluntarily recall or withdraw products from the market in certain circumstances, which would cause us to incur associated costs; those costs could be meaningful. We may also be subject to litigation, requests for indemnification from our customers, or liability if the consumption or inadequate preparation of any of our products causes injury, illness, or death. A significant product liability judgment or a widespread product recall may negatively impact our sales and profitability for a period of time

17

Table of Contents

depending on the costs of the recall, the destruction of product inventory, product availability, competitive reaction, customer reaction, and consumer attitudes. Even if a product liability claim is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertion that our products caused illness or injury could adversely affect our reputation with existing and potential customers and our corporate and brand image.

Additionally, as a manufacturer and marketer of food products, we are subject to extensive regulation by the FDA and other national, state and local government agencies. The Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act and the Food Safety Modernization Act and their respective regulations govern, among other things, the manufacturing, composition and ingredients, packaging and safety of food products. Some aspects of these laws use a strict liability standard for imposing sanctions on corporate behavior, meaning that no intent is required to be established. If we fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations, we may be subject to civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, recalls, or seizures, as well as criminal sanctions, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Damage to our reputation as a trusted partner to customers and good corporate citizen could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Our customers rely on us and our co-manufacturers to manufacture safe, high quality food products. Product contamination or tampering, the failure to maintain high standards for product quality, safety, and integrity, or allegations of product quality issues, mislabeling or contamination, even if untrue, may damage the reputation of our customers, and ultimately our reputation as a trusted industry partner. Damage to either could reduce demand for our products or cause production and delivery disruptions.

Our reputation could also be adversely impacted by any of the following, or by adverse publicity (whether or not valid) relating thereto: the failure to maintain high ethical, social, and environmental standards for our operations and activities; our research and development efforts; our environmental impact, including use of agricultural materials, packaging, energy use, and waste management; our failure to comply with local laws and regulations; our failure to maintain an effective system of internal controls; or our failure to provide accurate and timely financial information. Damage to our reputation or loss of customer confidence in our products for any of these or other reasons could result in decreased demand for our products and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations, as well as require additional resources to rebuild our reputation.

Our results could be adversely impacted as a result of increased pension, labor and people-related expenses.

Inflationary pressures and any shortages in the labor market could increase labor costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. Our labor costs include the cost of providing employee benefits in the United States and foreign jurisdictions, including pension, health and welfare, and severance benefits. Changes in interest rates, mortality rates, health care costs, early retirement rates, investment returns, and the market value of plan assets can affect the funded status of our defined benefit plans and cause volatility in the future funding requirements of the plans. A significant increase in our obligations or future funding requirements could have a negative impact on our results of operations and cash flows from operations. Additionally, the annual costs of benefits vary with increased costs of health care and the outcome of collectively-bargained wage and benefit agreements.

We are significantly dependent on information technology, and we may be unable to protect our information systems against service interruption, misappropriation of data, or breaches of security.

We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to process, transmit, and store electronic and financial information, to manage and support a variety of business processes and activities, and to comply with regulatory, legal, and tax requirements. Despite careful security and controls design, implementation, updating and independent third-party verification, our information technology systems, some of which are dependent on services provided by third parties, may be vulnerable to damage, invasions, disruptions, or shutdowns due to any number of causes such as catastrophic events, natural disasters, infectious disease outbreaks and other public health crises, fires, power outages, systems failures, telecommunications failures, security breaches, computer viruses, hackers, employee error or malfeasance, and other causes. Increased cybersecurity threats pose a potential risk to the security and viability of our

18

Table of Contents

information technology systems, as well as the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the data stored on those systems. If we do not allocate and effectively manage the resources necessary to build and sustain the proper technology infrastructure and to maintain and protect the related automated and manual control processes, we could be subject to billing and collection errors, business disruptions, or damage resulting from security breaches. If any of our significant information technology systems suffer severe damage, disruption, or shutdown and our business continuity plans do not effectively resolve the issues in a timely manner, our product sales, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected, and we could experience delays in reporting our financial results. Any interruption of our information technology systems could have operational, reputational, legal, and financial impacts that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, if we are unable to prevent security breaches or unauthorized disclosure of non-public information, we may suffer financial and reputational damage, litigation or remediation costs, fines, or penalties because of the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information belonging to us or to our partners, customers or suppliers.

Misuse, leakage, or falsification of information could result in violations of data privacy laws and regulations, potentially significant fines and penalties, damage to our reputation and credibility, loss of strategic opportunities, and loss of ability to commercialize products developed through research and development efforts and, therefore, could have a negative impact on net sales. In addition, we may face business interruptions, litigation, and financial and reputational damage because of lost or misappropriated confidential information belonging to us, our current or former employees, or to our suppliers or customers, and may become subject to legal action and increased regulatory oversight. We could also be required to spend significant financial and other resources to remedy the damage caused by a security breach or to repair or replace networks and information systems.

We intend to replace our information technology infrastructure, and plan to implement a new enterprise resource planning system. Problems with the transition, design, or implementation of this upgrade could interfere with our business and operations and adversely affect our financial condition.

We are currently in the process of replacing our information technology infrastructure with a new enterprise resource planning (‘‘ERP’’) system, which will be implemented in phases beginning in fiscal 2021. We may experience difficulties as we transition to new upgraded systems and processes. These difficulties may include loss of data; difficulty in processing customer orders, shipping products, or providing services and support to our customers; difficulty in billing and tracking our orders; difficulty in completing financial reporting and filing reports with the SEC in a timely manner; or challenges in otherwise running our business. We may also experience decreases in productivity as our personnel implement and become familiar with new systems and processes. Any disruptions, delays, or deficiencies in the transition, design, and implementation of a new ERP system, particularly any disruptions, delays, or deficiencies that impact our operations, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Even if we do not encounter adverse effects, the transition, design, and implementation of a new ERP system, may be much more costly than we anticipated.

There are inherent limitations on the effectiveness of our controls.

We do not expect that our disclosure controls or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. The design of a control system must reflect the fact that resource constraints exist, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Further, because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. The design of any system of controls is based in part on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of controls to future periods are subject to risks. Over time, controls may become inadequate due to changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures. If our controls become inadequate, we could fail to meet our financial reporting obligations, our reputation may be adversely affected, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be adversely affected, and the market price of our stock could decline.

19

Table of Contents

If we are unable to attract and retain key personnel, our business could be materially and adversely affected.

Our success depends on our ability to attract and retain personnel with professional and technical expertise, such as agricultural and food manufacturing experience, as well as finance, marketing, and other senior management professionals. The market for these employees is competitive, and we could experience difficulty from time to time in hiring and retaining the personnel necessary to support our business. If we do not succeed in retaining our current employees and attracting new high-quality employees, our business could be materially and adversely affected.

Climate change, or legal, regulatory, or market measures to address climate change, may negatively affect our business and operations.

There is growing concern that carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere may have an adverse impact on global temperatures, weather patterns, the frequency and severity of extreme weather, and natural disasters. In the event that climate change has a negative effect on agricultural productivity, we may be subject to decreased availability or less favorable pricing for certain commodities that are necessary for our products, such as potatoes and edible oils. In addition, water is an important part of potato processing. We may be subjected to decreased availability or less favorable pricing for water, which could impact our manufacturing and distribution operations.

The increasing concern over climate change also may result in more regional, federal, and/or global legal and regulatory requirements to reduce or mitigate the effects of greenhouse gases, as well as more stringent regulation of water rights. In the event that such regulation is enacted and is more aggressive than the sustainability measures that we are currently undertaking to monitor our emissions, improve our energy efficiency, and reduce and reuse water, we may experience significant increases in our costs of operation and delivery. As a result, climate change could negatively affect our business and operations.

Deterioration of general economic conditions could harm our business and results of operations.

Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by changes in national or global economic conditions, including interest rates, access to capital markets, consumer spending rates, energy availability and costs (including fuel surcharges), and the effects of governmental initiatives to manage economic conditions.

Volatility in financial markets and deterioration of national and global economic conditions, including as a result of the current COVID-19 pandemic, could impact our business and operations in a variety of ways, including as follows:

decreased demand in the restaurant business, particularly quick service and other casual dining, which may adversely affect our business;
volatility in commodity and other input costs could substantially impact our results of operations;
volatility in the financial markets or interest rates could substantially impact our pension costs and required pension contributions;
it may become more costly or difficult to obtain debt or equity financing to fund operations or investment opportunities, or to refinance our debt in the future, in each case on terms and within a time period acceptable to us; and
it may become more costly to access funds internationally.

Impairment in the carrying value of goodwill or other intangibles could result in the incurrence of impairment charges and negatively impact our net worth.

As of May 31, 2020, we had goodwill of $303.8 million and other intangibles of $38.3 million. The net carrying value of goodwill represents the fair value of acquired businesses in excess of identifiable assets and liabilities as of the acquisition date (or subsequent impairment date, if applicable). The net carrying value of other intangibles represents the fair value of brands, trademarks, licensing agreements, customer relationships, and other acquired intangibles as of the acquisition date (or subsequent impairment date, if applicable), net of accumulated amortization. Goodwill and other acquired intangibles expected to contribute indefinitely to our cash flows are not amortized, but must be evaluated by

20

Table of Contents

management at least annually for impairment. Amortized intangible assets are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstance indicate that the carrying amounts of these assets may not be recoverable. Impairments to goodwill and other intangible assets may be caused by factors outside our control, such as increasing competitive pricing pressures, lower than expected revenue and profit growth rates, changes in industry earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) multiples, changes in discount rates based on changes in cost of capital (interest rates, etc.), or the bankruptcy of a significant customer, and could result in the incurrence of impairment charges and negatively impact our net worth.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

We are headquartered in Eagle, Idaho. The following table sets forth our principal manufacturing and processing facilities as of May 31, 2020:

Location

Type of Facility and Number

Owned/ Leased

Domestic:

American Falls, ID

Plant/Cold Storage

Owned (1)

Boardman, OR

Plant (2), Plant/Cold Storage

Owned (3)

Connell, WA

Plant, Cold Storage

Owned (1), Leased (1)

Delhi, LA

Plant, Cold Storage, Farm

Owned (1), Leased (2)

Hermiston, OR

Plant

Owned (1)

Pasco, WA

Plant (2)

Owned (2)

Paterson, WA

Plant, Farm (4)

Owned (2), Leased (3)

Quincy, WA

Plant

Owned (1)

Richland, WA

Plant

Owned (1)

Twin Falls, ID

Plant

Owned (1)

Warden, WA

Plant

Owned (1)

International:

Hallam, Australia

Plant/Cold Storage (2)

Leased (2)

Shangdu, China

Plant, Farm

Owned (1), Leased (1)

Taber, Canada

Plant/Cold Storage

Owned (1)

We use our farms as a source of raw materials, to better understand the costs of growing potatoes, and to deploy agronomic research. Our facilities vary in age and condition, and each of them has an active maintenance program to ensure a safe operating environment and to keep the facilities in good condition. We believe all our buildings are in satisfactory operating condition to conduct our business as intended. We also own and lease general office/support facilities in the regions we operate, including Australia, Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, Singapore, and the United States.

Our manufacturing assets are shared across all reporting segments. Therefore, we do not identify or allocate assets by operating segment. For more information, see Note 14, Segments, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K. 

In addition to the facilities noted above, our joint ventures own or lease processing facilities in Argentina, Austria, the Netherlands, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

For information regarding our legal proceedings, see Note 15, Commitments, Contingencies, Guarantees, and Legal Proceedings, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

21

Table of Contents

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our common stock is listed on the NYSE under the ticker symbol “LW.” At July 20, 2020, there were 12,340 holders of record of our common stock. The majority of holders of Lamb Weston common stock are “street name” or beneficial holders, whose shares of record are held by banks, brokers, and other financial institutions.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer

The following table presents information related to repurchases of our common stock during the periods presented below (dollars in millions, except per share data):

Approximate Dollar

Total Number of

Value of Maximum

Total Number

Average

Shares (or Units)

Number of Shares that

of Shares (or

Price Paid

Purchased as Part of

May Yet be Purchased

Units)

Per Share

Publicly Announced

Under Plans or Programs

Period

    

Purchased (a)

    

(or Unit)

    

Plans or Programs (b)

    

(in millions) (b)

February 24, 2020 through March 22, 2020

178

$

68.90

$

195.3

March 23, 2020 through April 19, 2020

$

$

195.3

April 20, 2020 through May 31, 2020

$

$

195.3

Total

178

(a)Represents shares withheld from employees to cover income and payroll taxes on equity awards that vested during the period.

(b)No shares were purchased during the periods presented under our share repurchase program, which was approved by the Board of Directors in December 2018. Under this program, which does not have an expiration date, we are authorized to repurchase shares of our common stock, in an amount not to exceed $250.0 million in the aggregate, on an opportunistic basis. Repurchases may be made from time to time through open market or privately negotiated transactions, subject to applicable laws.

22

Table of Contents

Performance Graph

The following graph and table compare the cumulative total return on our common stock with the cumulative total return of the Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) 500 Index, the S&P 400 Packaged Food Index, which we consider to be our peer group, and the S&P 500 Packaged Food Index. This graph and table cover the period from November 10, 2016 (the first day our common stock began trading on NYSE) through May 29, 2020 (the last trading day of our fiscal year). The graph and table assume that $100 was invested in our common stock, the S&P 500 Index, the S&P 400 Packaged Food Index, and the S&P 500 Packaged Food Index on November 10, 2016, and that all dividends were reinvested. The cumulative total return shown below are based on the last trading day in Lamb Weston’s fiscal year.

Graphic

November 10,

May 26,

May 25,

May 24,

May 29,

    

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Lamb Weston

$

100

$

152

$

221

$

212

$

208

S&P 500 Index

$

100

$

113

$

129

$

137

$

151

S&P 400 Packaged Foods Index

$

100

$

111

$

110

$

138

$

131

S&P 500 Packaged Foods Index

$

100

$

109

$

92

$

102

$

109

The above performance graph and other information furnished under this Part II, Item 5 of this Form 10-K shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the provisions of Section 18, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

23

Table of Contents

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following table sets forth selected historical financial data of Lamb Weston (dollars in millions, except per share data). The information contained in the table should be read in conjunction with the disclosures in "Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" of this Form 10-K.

For the Fiscal Years Ended May

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

    

2016

Statement of Earnings Data:

Net sales (b)

$

3,792.4

$

3,756.5

$

3,423.7

$

3,168.0

$

2,993.8

Income from operations (a) (b)

556.9

668.4

580.1

518.3

373.3

Income before income taxes and equity method earnings (a) (b)

448.9

561.3

471.3

457.1

367.4

Equity method investment earnings (b)

 

29.3

 

59.5

 

83.6

 

53.3

 

71.7

Income tax expense (c)

112.3

133.6

121.2

170.2

144.5

Net income attributable to Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc. (a) (b)

365.9

478.6

416.8

326.9

285.3

Earnings per share (a) (b) (c) (d)

Basic

 

2.50

 

3.19

 

2.83

 

2.22

 

1.92

Diluted

2.49

3.18

2.82

2.22

1.92

Dividends declared per common share

0.8600

0.7825

0.7575

0.3750

N/A

Balance Sheet Data:

Total assets

4,662.3

3,048.1

2,752.6

2,485.6

2,158.3

Long-term debt, excluding current portion

2,992.6

2,280.2

2,336.7

2,365.0

104.6

Cash Flow Data:

Cash flows provided by operating activities

574.0

680.9

481.2

446.9

382.3

Non-GAAP Financial Information: (e)

EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures

797.2

904.3

811.7

683.7

546.2

Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures

799.8

904.3

820.4

707.1

593.4

(a)Includes comparability items that are not considered part of our ongoing operations. For more information on these costs, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of this Form 10-K.

(b)On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the spread of COVID-19 a global pandemic. In an attempt to minimize transmission of COVID-19, significant social and economic restrictions, including restrictions on dine-in purchases and the imposition of stay-at-home orders, were imposed in the United States and in our international markets. These restrictions had a negative impact on our fiscal 2020 results. Fiscal 2020 included lower sales and approximately $58 million of costs, net of  estimated employee retention credits provided by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) and other labor incentives, related to the impact of these government-imposed orders, which primarily related to lower factory utilization and production inefficiencies, manufacturing and operational disruptions directly attributable to the pandemic, expensing of excess crop year 2019 raw potato purchase contracts that could not be used due to the pandemic’s near-term effect on demand for frozen potato products as well as incremental warehousing and transportation costs, and incremental costs to  enhance employee safety measures, including purchases of safety and health screening equipment, retaining sales employees, and expensing certain capitalized manufacturing facility expansion costs. In addition, our equity method investment earnings incurred approximately $16 million of costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic, net of labor incentives.

(c)In fiscal 2019, the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”) decreased income tax expense and increased net income $27.2 million, or $0.19 per share, including a $24.8 million, or $0.17 per share, tax benefit related to a lower U.S. corporate tax rate and a $2.4 million, or $0.02 per share, benefit from the true-up of the transition tax on previously untaxed foreign earnings. Since our fiscal year end is the last Sunday in May, in fiscal 2018, we phased in the impact of the lower U.S. corporate income tax rate, resulting in a U.S. corporate tax rate of 29.3%, compared with 21% in fiscal 2019.

In fiscal 2018, the Tax Act decreased income tax expense and increased net income by $64.7 million, or $0.44, including a $36.3 million, or $0.25 per share, tax benefit related to a lower U.S. corporate tax rate and a provisional $28.4 million, or $0.19 per share, benefit from the re-measurement of our net U.S. deferred tax liabilities using the new U.S. statutory tax rate, partially offset by a transition tax on previously untaxed foreign earnings.

24

Table of Contents

(d)Earnings per share prior to the Separation in fiscal 2017 was calculated based on 146 million shares of Lamb Weston common stock that were distributed to Conagra stockholders on November 9, 2016.

(e)EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures are non-GAAP financial measures. See the discussion of non-GAAP financial measures and the reconciliations under “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to Reported Amounts” of this Form 10-K.

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis is intended to provide a summary of significant factors relevant to our financial performance and condition. The discussion and analysis should be read together with our consolidated financial statements and related notes in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K. Results for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be attained in the future.

The following generally discusses fiscal 2020 and 2019 items and fiscal year comparisons between fiscal 2020 and 2019. Discussions of fiscal 2018 items and fiscal year comparisons between fiscal 2019 and 2018 that are not included in this Form 10-K can be found in “Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 26, 2019, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 25, 2019.

The fiscal years for the Consolidated Financial Statements presented consist of a 53-week period for fiscal 2020 and a 52-week period for fiscal 2019.

Overview

Lamb Weston, along with its joint venture partners, is a leading global producer, distributor, and marketer of value-added frozen potato products. We, along with our joint venture partners, are the number one supplier of value-added frozen potato products in North America. We, along with our joint venture partners, are also a leading supplier of value-added frozen potato products internationally, with a strong and growing presence in high-growth emerging markets. We, along with our joint venture partners, offer a broad product portfolio to a diverse channel and customer base in over 100 countries. French fries represent the majority of our value-added frozen potato product portfolio.

On November 9, 2016, we separated from Conagra and became an independent publicly traded company through the pro rata distribution by Conagra of 100% of our outstanding common stock to Conagra stockholders. In connection with the Separation, Conagra transferred substantially all of the assets and liabilities and operations of the Lamb Weston business to us.

Management’s discussion and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition, which we refer to in this filing as “MD&A,” is provided as a supplement to the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K to help provide an understanding of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of our operations. Our MD&A is based on financial data derived from the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and certain other financial data (Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures and Adjusted Diluted EPS) that is prepared using non-GAAP financial measures. See “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to Reported Amounts” below for the definitions of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures and Adjusted Diluted EPS, and a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to net income or diluted earnings per share.

Executive Summary

On March 11, 2020 (during our fiscal fourth quarter), the World Health Organization declared that the spread of COVID-19 qualified as a global pandemic. Local, state, and national governments emphasized the importance of food supply and asked that food manufacturers and retailers remain open to meet the needs of their communities. Throughout

25

Table of Contents

this pandemic, our primary focus and attention has remained directed towards the health and well-being of our employees, and we have taken numerous steps to keep our employees safe, including implementing enhanced sanitation protocols and preventative screenings at all our manufacturing facilities, providing masks and requiring social distancing for employees across all our facilities, providing benefits that help support our employees and their families, and implementing remote work arrangements for functional support areas to comply with shelter-in-place orders and federal and local government recommendations. If an employee at one of our manufacturing facilities tests positive for COVID-19, we have developed plans to temporarily close the facility at which the employee works in order to sanitize and disinfect the facility before allowing employees to return to the facility and restart operations.

Lamb Weston delivered solid sales and earnings growth through the first three quarters of fiscal 2020. However, efforts by governments worldwide to control the spread of COVID-19 have resulted in significant social and economic restrictions, which included quarantines, travel bans, shutdowns, closures of many sit down restaurants, and shelter-in-place or stay-at-home orders. These restrictions have had, and continue to have, a negative effect on portions of our business and the U.S. and global economy. As a result, our sales in the fiscal fourth quarter declined, offsetting most of the growth that we generated earlier in our fiscal year.

Following the government-imposed restrictions on restaurants and other foodservice operations and stay-at-home orders, we saw significant changes in french fry consumption and purchasing patterns. As a result, we experienced favorable revenue and earnings impacts within our Retail segment, which has historically contributed approximately 13% of total Lamb Weston sales, but these favorable impacts were more than offset by the unfavorable impacts within our food-away-from-home businesses in our Global and Foodservice segments. Specifically, through the end of fiscal 2020, we observed the following:

In the United States, prior to the pandemic-related government-imposed restrictions, approximately 65% of all french fries were purchased at quick service restaurants (“QSRs”), with another approximately 20% purchased at full-service restaurants. The remaining approximately 15% of french fries were purchased at retail locations. Of the french fries purchased at QSRs, approximately two-thirds are purchased by consumers through drive-thru, carry-out or delivery options, with the remaining one-third consumed while dining in at restaurants. The availability of a drive-thru option has enabled QSRs to better weather the impact of government-imposed shelter-in-place restrictions than restaurants without that option. After pandemic-related restrictions were adopted, our weekly shipments to QSRs, in aggregate, fell to approximately 50% of pre-COVID levels in late-March through mid-April, then gradually recovered to approximately 85% of weekly pre-COVID levels by the end of May as consumer demand returned and customers restocked inventories as states began easing restrictions. While many full-service restaurants and other foodservice operations, which together represent approximately 80% of our Foodservice segment’s sales, have taken steps to increase take-out and delivery sales, consumer traffic at these operations, in aggregate, was significantly more affected. Our weekly shipments to these operations fell to approximately 20% of pre-COVID levels in late-March through mid-April, then gradually recovered to approximately 70% of weekly pre-COVID levels by the end of May. In contrast, retail demand for frozen french fries, in aggregate, has significantly increased as food-at-home consumption rose. Our weekly shipments to retail customers increased approximately 50% in late-March through mid-April, and gradually slowed to increasing approximately 30% by the end of May. During our fiscal fourth quarter for fiscal 2020, we increased production of our retail products in order to meet this higher demand. While we have realized improvements in shipments in each of our primary sales channels since year end, we believe these improvements may become less pronounced, cease or reverse as the spread of COVID-19 continues and states reinstate or otherwise postpone on-premises dining.

In Europe, which is served by our Lamb-Weston/Meijer joint venture, a high percentage of our sales are to QSRs. Unlike the U.S., most consumption in Europe is dine-in or carry-out as drive-thru options are more limited. As a result, the effect of government-imposed restrictions on french fry demand in Europe was similar to what we observed for full-service restaurants and other foodservice operations in the U.S. Lamb-Weston/Meijer’s weekly shipments in April were approximately 35% of pre-COVID levels, and recovered to approximately 60% by the end of May. This negatively impacted Lamb-Weston/Meijer’s results, and ultimately, our equity method investment earnings, in our fiscal fourth quarter.

26

Table of Contents

In China, after the government placed severe social and movement restrictions that significantly reduced restaurant traffic, our monthly shipments declined approximately 50% in February, and recovered to approximately 70% of pre-COVID levels by the end of March. By the end of May, our monthly shipments recovered to approximately 80% of pre-COVID levels.

In Australia, Mexico and other key markets in Asia, such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore, french fry demand trends were mixed, with our shipments largely 70%-80% of pre-COVID levels through late April. Our shipments began to soften at the end of May in certain markets due to inventory destocking.

For the full fiscal year, our earnings declined, largely due to lower sales and higher costs related to the pandemic.

Our fiscal 2020 financial results include the benefit of an additional week (“53rd week”) of sales, earnings and cash flow versus fiscal 2019. Compared with fiscal 2019:

Net sales increased 1% to $3,792.4 million
Income from operations declined 17% to $556.9 million
Net income attributable to Lamb Weston declined 24% to $365.9 million
Diluted earnings per share declined 22% to $2.49, while Adjusted Diluted EPS declined 22% to $2.50
Income from operations and Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures included approximately $74 million of net costs related to the pandemic’s impact on our operations, as described below
Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures declined 12% to $799.8 million
Net cash provided by operating activities declined 16% to $574.0 million

Comparing performance with fiscal 2019, the increase in net sales was driven by improved price/mix, largely due to pricing actions in our Foodservice and Retail segments. Volume was flat, as declines in our Foodservice segment, which was disproportionately affected by the government-imposed restrictions on restaurants and other foodservice operations, offset growth in our Retail and Global segments. Volume in both our Global and Foodservice segments was also negatively affected by customers destocking inventories as they adjusted to the abrupt change in the operating environment during our fiscal fourth quarter. Income from operations declined, largely due to costs related to the pandemic’s impact on our operations, and higher manufacturing costs due to input cost inflation, inefficiencies, higher depreciation expense and unfavorable mix. The effect of higher SG&A expenses was modest relative to the decline in gross profit.

In fiscal 2020, we and our unconsolidated joint ventures incurred approximately $74 million of costs, net of employee retention credits provided by the CARES Act and other labor incentives, related to the pandemic’s impact on operations as follows:

Approximately $25 million of factory utilization-related production costs and inefficiencies, such as labor retention costs; costs to shut down, sanitize, and restart manufacturing facilities after a production employee was infected by the virus; costs arising from modifying production schedules and reducing run-times; and costs to shift certain manufacturing lines from producing foodservice-oriented products to retail-oriented products;
Approximately $22 million of non-factory utilization-related costs, primarily consisting of expensing crop year 2019 contracts for raw potatoes that could not be used due to the pandemic’s near-term effect on demand for frozen potato products, as well as incremental warehousing, transportation and supply chain costs due to lower product throughput;  
Approximately $11 million of incremental selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) and other expenses, largely comprised of costs to adopt and maintain enhanced employee safety and sanitation protocols, including purchases of safety and health screening equipment, costs to retain certain sales employees, net of CARES Act retention credits and other labor incentives, and expensing certain capitalized costs for manufacturing facility expansion projects that were stopped; and
Approximately $16 million of production, raw potato contract, supply chain and SG&A costs (including $4 million of costs, net of labor incentives, that were factory utilization-related and $12 million that were non-factory utilization-related) at our unconsolidated joint ventures.

27

Table of Contents

We expect that we will continue to incur some of these costs until the COVID-19 pandemic no longer has an impact on our operations.

During the fourth quarter, in response to the significant decrease in demand as the COVID-19 virus spread throughout the world, we reduced production at our factories to align with demand, instituted a company-wide hiring freeze, and delayed non-essential expenditures. We took actions to enhance our liquidity, including working capital management; significantly reducing our capital program; raising over $1 billion of liquidity, including borrowing $495.0 million from our previously undrawn revolving credit facility, entering into a new $325.0 million term loan facility, issuing $500.0 million of senior notes, and suspending future share repurchases. In addition, at May 31, 2020, we qualified for and recorded a $9.5 million receivable for employee retention credits under the CARES Act and other labor incentives. The CARES Act also allows us to defer payment of the employer portion of social security taxes through the end of 2020, with 50% of the deferred amount due December 31, 2021, and the remaining 50% due December 31, 2022. Considering the current environment, with a significant number of employees working remotely, we deferred work on the second phase of our new enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system. As a result of these actions, our cash and cash equivalents balance at May 31, 2020, was $1,364.0 million. See Liquidity and Capital Resources in this MD&A below for more information.

Outlook

As discussed above, following the government-imposed restrictions on restaurants and other foodservice operations, which largely began during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, the demand for frozen potato products decreased in North America, Europe, and most of our key international markets. The outlook for the spread of COVID-19, as well as governments’ efforts to contain the virus, remains unpredictable, as does its potential impact on the global economy, restaurant traffic, customer and consumer demand, our supply chain, and availability of key commodities and other necessary services. Because of uncertainty around government actions and consumer behaviors related to the virus, we expect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumer demand and our sales volume may be pronounced in fiscal 2021, especially for full-service restaurants and other operations that have traditionally relied on on-premise dining traffic, and other non-commercial foodservice operations, such as hotels, schools and universities, and sporting venues. While governments began easing restrictions on restaurants, and we realized improvements in our shipments in each of our primary sales channels through the first seven weeks of the first quarter of fiscal 2021, we believe these improvements may become less pronounced, cease or reverse as the spread of COVID-19 continues and government authorities reinstate or otherwise postpone on-premises dining restrictions.

We have taken actions, and will continue to evaluate various options, to lower our cost structure and maximize the efficiency of our manufacturing and commercial operations. As we disclosed in our Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 7, 2020, we reduced contracting of raw potatoes by approximately 20%-25% for the 2020 crop year, compared with our 2019 crop year purchases. We believe that there will likely be adequate non-contracted processing potatoes available for purchase in the event that frozen potato demand exceeds our initial forecast. We will continue to evaluate various options to adjust our operations, including temporarily closing facilities and/or modifying production schedules to rebalance utilization rates across our manufacturing network.

We expect that we will continue to incur costs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on our manufacturing, supply chain, commercial and functional support operations. For example, these may include: costs to adopt and maintain enhanced employee safety and sanitation protocols, such as purchasing personal protection and health screening equipment and services; costs to shut down, sanitize, and restart production facilities after a production employee has been infected by the virus; production inefficiencies and labor retention costs arising from modifying production schedules, reducing run-times, and lower overall factory utilization; incremental warehousing and transportation costs; and costs to retain sales and functional support employees.

In fiscal 2021, we expect the rate of inflation for many of our commodity and manufacturing costs in the near term will be similar to what we experienced in fiscal 2020. While we have implemented a hiring and salary freeze for our U.S. salaried positions in the near term, we expect overall SG&A may be higher as a result of the completion of the first phase of our ERP project, as well as for continued investments in operations and other functional capabilities, which are designed to drive operating efficiencies and support growth over the long term.

28

Table of Contents

Results of Operations

We have four reportable segments: Global, Foodservice, Retail, and Other. For each period presented, we report net sales and product contribution margin by segment. Net sales and product contribution margin are the primary measures reported to our chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to our segments and assessing their performance. We define product contribution margin as net sales less cost of sales and advertising and promotion expenses. Product contribution margin excludes general corporate expenses and interest expense because management believes these amounts are not directly associated with segment performance for the period. For additional information on our reportable segments, see Note 14, Segments, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in this Form 10-K.

Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2020 Compared to Fiscal Year Ended May 26, 2019

Net Sales and Product Contribution Margin (dollars in millions)

Year Ended

    

May 31,

    

May 26,

    

%

 

2020

2019

 

Inc/(Dec)

Segment sales

Global

$

1,973.6

$

1,961.5

 

1%

Foodservice

 

1,069.1

  

1,156.1

  

(8%)

Retail

 

595.5

 

498.3

 

20%

Other

 

154.2

 

140.6

 

10%

$

3,792.4

$

3,756.5

 

1%

Segment product contribution margin

Global

$

374.5

$

446.3

 

(16%)

Foodservice

356.0

  

402.4

  

(12%)

Retail

 

117.6

 

98.8

 

19%

Other

 

24.1

 

23.6

 

2%

872.2

971.1

 

(10%)

Advertising and promotion expenses

23.0

32.4

(29%)

Gross profit

$

895.2

$

1,003.5

(11%)

Net Sales

Lamb Weston’s net sales for fiscal 2020 increased $35.9 million, or 1%, to $3,792.4 million, compared with $3,756.5 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, net sales declined 1%. Price/mix increased 1% due to pricing actions and favorable mix, largely due to pricing actions in our Foodservice and Retail segments. Volume was flat, or down 3% excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, as strong growth through the first three fiscal quarters was offset by the sharp and abrupt decline in demand for frozen potato products outside the home during the fiscal fourth quarter as a result of government-imposed restrictions on restaurants and other foodservice operations to slow the spread of the COVID-19 virus, as well as customers destocking inventories as they adjusted to abrupt change in the business environment.

Global net sales increased $12.1 million, or 1%, to $1,973.6 million, compared with $1,961.5 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, net sales declined 1%. Volume increased 1%, or down 1% excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, driven by growth in sales to strategic customers in the U.S. and key international markets during the first three quarters of the fiscal year. Volume growth was partially offset by the sharp decline in demand for frozen potato products outside the home during the fourth quarter, primarily attributable to government-imposed restrictions on restaurant and other foodservice-related operations. Price/mix was flat as positive pricing actions were offset by unfavorable customer mix.

29

Table of Contents

Foodservice net sales decreased $87.0 million, or 8%, to $1,069.1 million, compared with $1,156.1 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, net sales declined 8%. Price/mix increased 2%, primarily reflecting pricing actions initiated in the fall of 2019. Volume decreased 10%, or 10% excluding the benefit of the 53rd week. Volume growth of distributor private label and Lamb Weston branded products was solid during the first three quarters of the fiscal year, but fell as demand for frozen potato products outside the home, especially at full-service restaurants and non-commercial operations (e.g., hotels, schools and universities, sporting venues) dropped sharply during the fourth quarter following government-imposed restrictions on restaurant and other foodservice operations, as well as customers destocking inventories as they adjusted to the abrupt change in the business environment.

Retail net sales increased $97.2 million, or 20%, to $595.5 million, compared with $498.3 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, net sales increased 16%. Volume increased 13%, or 10% excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, due to increased in-home consumption of frozen potato products following government-imposed stay-at-home orders during the fiscal fourth quarter. Demand was strong across our premium and mainstream branded offerings, as well as for our private label products. Price/mix increased 7%, largely driven by favorable mix from increased sales of branded products, and pricing actions.

Net sales in our Other segment increased $13.6 million, or 10%, to $154.2 million, compared with $140.6 million in fiscal 2019. The increase primarily reflects higher volume in our vegetable business.

Product Contribution Margin

Lamb Weston’s product contribution margin for fiscal 2020 decreased $98.9 million, or 10%, to $872.2 million, compared with $971.1 million in fiscal 2019. The decline primarily related to lower sales due to the pandemic and approximately $47 million of pandemic-related costs, net of CARES Act retention credits and other labor incentives, resulting from lower factory utilization and production inefficiencies, manufacturing and operational disruptions directly attributable to the pandemic, expensing of excess crop year 2019 raw potato purchase contracts, and other supply chain costs discussed above. The remainder of the decline was driven by higher manufacturing costs due to input cost inflation, inefficiencies, higher depreciation expense primarily associated with our new french fry production line in Hermiston, Oregon, and unfavorable mix.

Global product contribution margin decreased $71.8 million, or 16%, to $374.5 million in fiscal 2020. The decline primarily related to lower sales due to the pandemic and approximately $29 million of pandemic-related costs, net of CARES Act retention credits and other labor incentives.  The remainder of the decline was largely driven by an increase in cost of sales, which rose 6% to $1,592.8 million, reflecting unfavorable mix, inefficiencies and input cost inflation, as well as higher depreciation expense primarily associated with the addition of the new production line in Hermiston, Oregon. Advertising and promotion spending was modestly lower in 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019.

Foodservice product contribution margin decreased $46.4 million, or 12%, to $356.0 million in fiscal 2020. Lower sales due to the pandemic and approximately $8 million of pandemic-related costs, net of CARES Act retention credits and other labor incentives. Cost of sales declined 5% to $705.9 million due to lower sales volumes, partially offset by inefficiencies and input cost inflation, as well as higher depreciation expense primarily associated with the addition of the new production line in Hermiston, Oregon. Advertising and promotion spending was modestly lower in fiscal 2020, as compared with fiscal 2019.

Retail product contribution margin increased $18.8 million, or 19%, to $117.6 million in fiscal 2020 due to higher sales volumes as consumers modified their purchasing habits in response to the imposition of stay-at-home orders, favorable product mix and an $8.3 million decline in advertising and promotional expenses as we stopped all non-essential expenditures in response to the pandemic. The increase was partially offset by approximately $10 million of pandemic-related costs, net of CARES Act retention credits and other labor incentives. Cost of sales was $468.6 million, or 23% higher in fiscal 2020 as compared to fiscal 2019, largely due to higher sales volume and input cost inflation.

Other product contribution margin increased $0.5 million to $24.1 million in fiscal 2020, as compared to $23.6 million in fiscal 2019. These amounts include a $0.2 million loss related to unrealized mark-to-market adjustments and realized settlements associated with commodity hedging contracts in fiscal 2020, and a $3.3 million loss related to the

30

Table of Contents

contracts in fiscal 2019. Excluding these adjustments, Other segment product contribution margin decreased $2.6 million, largely due to unfavorable price/mix in our vegetable business.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

SG&A expenses were $338.3 million, up $3.2 million, or 1%, in fiscal 2020 compared with fiscal 2019. The increase in SG&A was largely driven by approximately $11 million of net pandemic-related SG&A and other expenses described above, higher expenses related to our information technology services and infrastructure (including approximately $8 million of non-recurring expenses, excluding expenses payable to us by Lamb-Weston/Meijer under the cost sharing agreement, that primarily relates to consulting expenses associated with developing and implementing a new ERP system), and investments in our sales, marketing and operating capabilities. The increase was partially offset by lower incentive compensation accruals, a $9.5 million reduction in advertising and promotional expenses, lower travel and meeting expenses, and suspending contributions to our charitable foundation. For more information related to the agreement with Lamb-Weston/Meijer to share the costs of a single, global ERP platform, and related software and services, see Note 6, Investments in Joint Ventures, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense, net was $108.0 million in fiscal 2020, an increase of $0.9 million compared with fiscal 2019. The increase in interest expense, net was the result of higher average total debt versus the prior year. For more information, see Note 9, Debt and Financing Obligations, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in this Form 10-K.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate was 23.5% for fiscal 2020, compared to 21.5% in fiscal 2019. Fiscal 2019 includes a $2.4 million decrease in income tax expense related to the true-up of the transition tax on previously untaxed foreign earnings under the Tax Act. Excluding this comparability item, our effective tax rate for fiscal 2019 was 21.9%. The difference between our effective tax rates in fiscal 2020 and 2019 is primarily due to permanent differences and discrete items. The effective tax rate varies from the U.S. statutory tax rate of 21% principally due to the impact of U.S. state taxes, foreign taxes, permanent differences, and discrete items.

For further information on the Tax Act and its impact, see Note 3, Income Taxes, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in this Form 10-K.

Equity Method Investment Earnings

We conduct meaningful business through unconsolidated joint ventures and include our share of the earnings based on our economic ownership interest in them. Lamb Weston’s share of earnings from its equity method investments was $29.3 million and $59.5 million for fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively. Earnings in fiscal 2020 included a $2.6 million loss related to the withdrawal from a multiemployer pension plan by Lamb Weston RDO. Equity method investment earnings also included a $6.3 million unrealized loss related to mark-to-market adjustments associated with currency and commodity hedging contracts in fiscal 2020 and a $2.6 million loss related to these items in fiscal 2019. Excluding the Lamb Weston RDO pension-related comparability item and the mark-to-market adjustments, earnings from equity method investments declined $23.9 million compared to the prior year period. Pandemic-related costs accounted for approximately $16 million of the decline, with the remainder largely driven by lower sales as a result of government-imposed restrictions on restaurant and other foodservice operations.

31

Table of Contents

Impact of New Lease Standard

The adoption of the new lease standard resulted in the recognition of approximately $155 million of operating lease assets and short-term and long-term operating lease obligations recorded on our consolidated balance sheet related to operating leases. The adoption also resulted in a $26.6 million ($20.5 million, net of tax) cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings for the elimination of $38.7 million of land and $65.3 million of finance lease obligations related to a sale leaseback. See Note 4, Leases, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in this Form 10-K.

Acquisitions

On July 2, 2019 and December 21, 2018, we acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of two different frozen potato processors in Australia for $116.7 million and $88.6 million, respectively, net of cash acquired. These acquisitions added approximately 70 million and 50 million pounds of production capacity, respectively, to our manufacturing network and expanded our geographic reach. Net sales, income from operations, and total assets from either of these acquisitions are not material to our consolidated net sales, income from operations, and total assets. The operating results for the acquisitions are included in our Global segment.

We allocated the purchase price of the July 2019 and December 2018 acquisitions to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of the fair value at the dates of the acquisitions, of which $106.1 million and $75.1 million, after final working capital adjustments, was allocated to goodwill (which is not deductible for tax purposes).

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted our business and operating results. As a result of the uncertainties caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, we have taken, and are continuing to take, actions to enhance liquidity including: working capital management and limiting discretionary expenses across the Company; implementing a hiring and salary freeze for our U.S. salaried positions; significantly reducing our capital program; raising over $1 billion of liquidity, including borrowing $495.0 million from our previously undrawn revolving credit facility, entering into a new $325.0 million term loan facility, and issuing $500.0 million of senior notes; and suspending future share repurchases. In addition, at May 31, 2020, we qualified for and recorded a $9.5 million receivable for employee retention credits under the CARES Act and other labor incentives. The CARES Act also allows us to defer payment of the employer portion of social security taxes through the end of 2020, with 50% of the deferred amount due December 31, 2021, and the remaining 50% due December 31, 2022. This is expected to provide us with approximately $14 million of additional liquidity during fiscal 2021. Considering the current environment, with a significant number of employees working remotely, we have also deferred the second phase of our new ERP system. As a result of our actions, our cash and cash equivalents balance at May 31, 2020, was $1,364.0 million.

We believe our cash on hand, cash flows from operations and our current credit facilities will be sufficient to satisfy our future working capital requirements, interest payments, capital expenditures, dividends on our common stock, and other financing requirements for the foreseeable future. We continue to evaluate and take action, as necessary, to preserve adequate liquidity and ensure that our business can continue to operate during these uncertain times. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flows from operations, or are otherwise unable to comply with the terms of our credit facilities, we may be required to seek additional financing alternatives, which may require waivers under our credit agreement governing our senior secured debt and indentures governing our senior notes, in order to generate additional cash. There can be no assurance that we would be able to obtain additional financing or any such waivers on terms acceptable to us or at all. For additional information on our debt, see Note 9, Debt, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II. Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in this Form 10-K.”

32

Table of Contents

Cash Flows

Below is a summary table of our cash flows, followed by a discussion of the sources and uses of cash through operating, investing, and financing activities (dollars in millions):

For the Fiscal Years Ended May

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

Net cash flows provided by (used for):

 

  

 

  

 

  

Operating activities

$

574.0

$

680.9

 

$

481.2

Investing activities

 

(346.0)

 

(423.0)

 

 

(306.8)

Financing activities

 

1,125.0

 

(299.6)

 

 

(178.9)

 

1,353.0

 

(41.7)

 

 

(4.5)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(1.2)

  

 

(1.7)

  

 

3.0

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

$

1,351.8

$

(43.4)

 

$

(1.5)

Operating Activities

Fiscal 2020 Compared with Fiscal 2019

The major components of cash provided by operations are earnings from operations adjusted for non-cash income and expense items and changes in working capital. Cash generated from operating activities decreased $106.9 million to $574.0 million in fiscal 2020, compared with $680.9 million in fiscal 2019. Earnings from continuing operations, adjusted for non-cash income and expenses, decreased $84.2 million, primarily due to lower sales during the pandemic and approximately $74 million of pandemic-related costs, net of CARES Act retention credits and other labor incentives. See Results of Operations in this MD&A for more information. Changes in operating assets and liabilities used $17.3 million more cash in fiscal 2020, compared with fiscal 2019. The increase in cash used for changes in operating assets and liabilities was driven primarily by the timing of payments for accounts payable, and lower expected payments for incentive compensation and trade programs. These cash outflows were partially offset by lower receivables due to fewer sales at the end of fiscal 2020, compared with the end of fiscal 2019, the timing of payments for income taxes, and lower finished goods inventory due to declines in demand during the fiscal fourth quarter as a result of the pandemic-related government-imposed restrictions.

Investing Activities

Fiscal 2020 Compared with Fiscal 2019

Investing activities used $346.0 million of cash in fiscal 2020, compared with $423.0 million in fiscal 2019. Fiscal 2020 includes the acquisition of a frozen potato processor in Australia for $116.7 million. We also acquired a 50% ownership interest in Lamb Weston Alimentos Modernos S.A., a manufacturer of frozen potato products in South America, for $27.3 million. We paid $22.6 million in fiscal year 2020 and will pay the remaining $4.7 million, less any amounts for indemnified losses, in October 2024. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we reduced capital expenditures, including information technology, from a planned level of $300.0 million to $208.4 million.

In order to preserve liquidity throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, we deferred substantially all of our previously planned fiscal 2021 strategic capital expenditures. We expect capital investments in fiscal 2021 to be approximately $140 million, excluding acquisitions. These expenditures could increase or decrease as a result of a number of factors, including our financial results, future economic conditions, including the impact of COVID-19, and our regulatory compliance requirements. At May 31, 2020, we had commitments for capital expenditures of $36.5 million.

Investing activities used $423.0 million of cash in fiscal 2019. These expenditures included the plant capacity expansions in Hermiston, Oregon in fiscal 2019. Additionally, in December 2018, we acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of a frozen potato processor in Australia for $88.6 million, net of cash acquired.

33

Table of Contents

Financing Activities

Fiscal 2020 Compared with Fiscal 2019

During fiscal 2020, cash provided by financing activities totaled $1,125.0 million, compared with cash used for financing activities of $299.6 million in fiscal 2019. In light of the current uncertainty in the global economy resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we raised over $1 billion of liquidity including borrowing $495.0 million on our revolving credit facility, entering into a new $325.0 million term loan facility, and issuing $500.0 million of senior notes due in 2028. In addition, in June 2019, we entered into a new $300.0 million term loan facility due in June 2024 and used the proceeds to repay $300.0 million of the term loan facility that was due in 2021. Repayments in fiscal 2020 also included $36.3 million of quarterly installments due under our debt and financing obligations. In July, we paid the balance on our revolving credit facility and have $495.1 million of available borrowing under the credit facility, net of $4.9 million of outstanding letters of credit.

During fiscal 2020, we returned $144.2 million of capital to our shareholders, including $121.3 million in dividends on our common stock and $22.9 million related to 287,239 shares we repurchased for a weighted-average price of $79.56 per share. Financing activities also included $5.9 million for the repurchase of 80,673 shares of our common stock for restricted stock tax withholdings. Economic conditions, changes in cash flows, tax laws and other laws, and the market price of our common stock can limit or alter the amount and frequency of our stock repurchases. Given the uncertainty of demand with the COVID-19 pandemic, we temporarily suspended share repurchases to provide us with additional liquidity. As of May 31, 2020, $195.3 million remained authorized for repurchase under the program.

During fiscal 2019, financing activities primarily related to the payment of $113.3 million in dividends on our common stock, $78.2 million to acquire the noncontrolling interest in Lamb Weston BSW, and $66.7 million of debt payments, primarily scheduled payments under our term loan facility and the repayment of the Lamb Weston BSW installment notes. Financing activities during 2019 also included the repurchase of 522,260 shares of our common stock, including restricted stock tax withholdings. Repurchases of common stock and payments of restricted stock withholding taxes totaled $36.4 million, including $31.8 million related to shares repurchased at an average price of $69.40 per share under our share repurchase program.

For more information about our debt, including among other items, interest rates, maturity dates, and covenants, see Note 9, Debt and Financing Obligations, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K. At May 31, 2020, we were in compliance with the financial covenant ratios and other covenants contained in our credit agreement.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of May 31, 2020 that are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

Investments in Joint Ventures

We conduct some of our business through three unconsolidated joint ventures and account for these investments using equity method accounting. For more information about our investments in joint ventures, see Note 6, Investments in Joint Ventures, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

Obligations and Commitments

As part of our ongoing operations, we enter into arrangements that obligate us to make future payments under contracts such as lease agreements, debt agreements, potato supply agreements, and unconditional purchase obligations (i.e., obligations to transfer funds in the future for fixed or minimum quantities of goods or services at fixed or minimum

34

Table of Contents

prices). The unconditional purchase obligation arrangements are entered into in the normal course of business in order to ensure adequate levels of sourced product are available.

A summary of our contractual obligations as of May 31, 2020 are as follows. The expected timing of payments of the obligations in the table are estimated based on current information. Timing of payments and actual amounts paid may be different, depending on the time of receipt of goods or services, or changes to agreed-upon amounts for some obligations.

Payments Due by Period (a)

    

    

Less than

    

    

    

After 5

Contractual Obligations

Total

1 Year

1-3 Years

3-5 Years

Years

Short-term borrowings (b)

$

498.7

$

498.7

$

$

$

Long-term debt, including current portion, excluding financing obligations (c)

 

3,056.3

 

45.9

 

320.3

 

1,357.1

 

1,333.0

Interest on long-term debt (d)

685.4

120.9

232.7

201.2

130.6

Purchase obligations (e)

827.6

74.5

117.0

106.1

530.0

Capital commitments (f)

36.5

36.5

Other long-term liabilities reflected on our Consolidated Balance Sheet (g):

Operating leases (h)

201.4

32.7

50.9

39.6

78.2

Financing obligations, including current portion (i)

15.8

3.2

4.9

2.0

5.7

Compensation and benefits (j)

39.0

2.1

10.8

6.1

20.0

Other

19.6

1.1

3.5

9.9

5.1

Total

 

$

5,380.3

 

$

815.6

 

$

740.1

 

$

1,722.0

 

$

2,102.6

(a)The table assumes amounts included in the “Less than 1 Year” column represent obligations for our fiscal year 2021. The remaining columns correspond to our fiscal years as follows: “1-3 Years” represents fiscal 2022 and 2023, “3-5 Years” represents fiscal 2024 and 2025, and “After 5 Years” represents fiscal 2026 and thereafter.

(b)The $495.0 million borrowed under our revolving credit facility was fully repaid in July 2020.

(c)The table is based on our long-term debt maturities at May 31, 2020, and includes the current portion of long-term debt. Amounts are reported gross. Balances have not been reduced by the $28.2 million of unamortized debt issuance costs at May 31, 2020.

(d)Amounts represent estimated future interest payments as of May 31, 2020, assuming our long-term debt and financing obligations are held to maturity and using interest rates in effect at May 31, 2020.

(e)Amounts exclude purchase commitments under potato supply agreements due to uncertainty of pricing and quantity. Potato supply agreements have maximum contracted pricing with deductions for certain quality attributes, and quantities purchased are determined by the yields produced on contracted acres. Total purchases under all our potato supply agreements were $646.5 million, $592.3 million, and $595.8 million in fiscal 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.

(f)Capital commitments represent commitments for the construction or purchase of property, plant and equipment. They were not recorded as liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of May 31, 2020, as we had not yet received the related goods nor taken title to the property.

(g)Deferred income taxes of $152.5 million, uncertain tax positions of $30.5 million, and long-term workers compensation of $8.2 million are excluded from this table, because the timing of their future cash outflows are uncertain. This amount also excludes $9.9 million of a deferred gain as the amount is non-cash.

(h)We enter into operating leases in the normal course of business. We lease some of our warehouses and operating facilities, as well as other property and equipment, under operating leases. This amount includes estimated interest costs of $28.4 million.

(i)This table is based on our financing obligation maturities at May 31, 2020, and assumes our financing obligations are held to maturity, includes the current portion of financing obligations, and includes $2.5 million of interest payments associated with financing obligations. Amounts are reported gross.

35

Table of Contents

(j)Amounts consist of our pension, post-retirement benefit obligations, deferred compensation liabilities, and deferred payments for the employer portion of social security taxes under the CARES Act. Actuarially determined liabilities related to pension benefits are recorded based on estimates and assumptions. Key factors used in developing estimates of these liabilities include assumptions related to discount rates, expected rate of compensation increases, retirement and mortality rates, and other factors. Changes in estimates and assumptions related to the measurement of funded status will impact the amounts reported. In the table above, we allocated our pension obligations by year based on the future required minimum pension contributions, as determined by our actuaries. See Note 10, Employee Benefit Plans and Other Post-Retirement Benefits, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in “Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

For the majority of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) granted, the number of shares of common stock issued on the date the RSUs vest is net of the minimum statutory withholding requirements that we pay in cash to the appropriate taxing authorities on behalf of our employees. The obligation to pay the relevant taxing authority is excluded from the table above, as the amount is contingent upon continued employment. In addition, the amount of the obligation is unknown, as it is based in part on the market price of our common stock when the awards vest.

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to Reported Amounts

To supplement the financial information included in this report, we have presented Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures and Adjusted Diluted EPS, each of which is considered a non-GAAP financial measure.

Our management uses Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures and Adjusted Diluted EPS to evaluate the Company’s performance excluding the impact of certain non-cash charges and other special items in order to have comparable financial results to analyze changes in our underlying business between reporting periods. We include these non-GAAP financial measures because management believes they are useful to investors in that they provide for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision making. We believe that the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures, when used in conjunction with GAAP financial measures, is a useful financial analysis tool that can assist investors in assessing the Company’s operating performance and underlying prospects. These non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as alternatives for, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures may differ from similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures presented by other companies, and other companies may not define these non-GAAP financial measures the same way. These measures are not a substitute for their comparable GAAP financial measures, such as net income (loss) or diluted earnings per share, and there are limitations to using non-GAAP financial measures.

36

Table of Contents

The following table reconciles net income to Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures.

For the Fiscal Years Ended May

    

2020 (a)

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

    

2016

Net income attributable to Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc.

$

365.9

$

478.6

$

416.8

$

326.9

$

285.3

Income attributable to noncontrolling interests

8.6

16.9

13.3

9.3

Equity method investment earnings

(29.3)

(59.5)

(83.6)

(53.3)

(71.7)

Interest expense, net

108.0

107.1

108.8

61.2

5.9

Income tax expense

112.3

133.6

121.2

170.2

144.5

Income from operations

556.9

668.4

580.1

518.3

373.3

Depreciation and amortization

177.8

157.7

138.7

106.6

95.9

Items impacting comparability (b)

Expenses related to the Separation

8.7

26.5

5.3

Non-cash gain on assets

(3.1)

Expense related to actuarial losses in excess of 10% of related pension liability

59.5

Expenses related to SCAE Plan

0.1

Adjusted EBITDA (b) (c)

734.7

826.1

727.5

648.3

534.1

Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

Equity method investment earnings

29.3

59.5

83.6

53.3

71.7

Interest expense, income tax expense, and depreciation and

amortization included in equity method investment earnings

33.2

29.0

30.3

22.5

18.2

Items impacting comparability

Loss on withdrawal from multiemployer pension plan (d)

2.6

Gain related to pension plan settlement (e)

(17.7)

Add: Adjusted EBITDA from unconsolidated joint ventures

65.1

88.5

113.9

75.8

72.2

Consolidated Joint Ventures

Income attributable to noncontrolling interests

(8.6)

(16.9)

(13.3)

(9.3)

Interest expense, income tax expense, and depreciation and

amortization included in equity method investment earnings

(1.7)

(4.1)

(3.7)

(3.6)

Subtract: EBITDA from consolidated joint ventures

(10.3)

(21.0)

(17.0)

(12.9)

Adjusted EBITDA including unconsolidated joint ventures

$

799.8

$

904.3

$

820.4

$

707.1

$

593.4

(a)See Results of Operations in this MD&A for a discussion of the impact of government efforts to control the spread of COVID-19, including restrictions on restaurants and other foodservice operations and stay-at-home orders, on our financial results.

(b)Fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016 include $8.7 million, $26.5 million and $5.3 million, respectively, of expenses related to the Separation. In fiscal 2018, the expenses related primarily to professional fees and other employee-related costs. In fiscal 2017 and 2016, the expenses related primarily to professional fees.

Fiscal 2017 includes a $3.1 million non-cash gain on assets.

Fiscal 2016 includes $59.5 million of charges reflecting Lamb Weston’s portion of actuarial losses in excess of 10% of Conagra’s pension liability for Conagra sponsored plans.

Fiscal 2016 includes $0.1 million related to costs incurred in connection with Conagra’s initiative to improve selling, general and administrative effectiveness and efficiencies, which is referred to as the Supply Chain and Administrative Efficiency Plan (“SCAE Plan”).

(c)Adjusted EBITDA includes EBITDA from consolidated joint ventures.

(d)Fiscal 2020 includes a $2.6 million loss related to the withdrawal from a multiemployer pension plan by Lamb Weston RDO.