Focus Financial Partners Inc.
10-K on 02/19/2021   Download
SEC Document
SEC Filing
us-gaap:ValuationTechniqueOptionPricingModelMemberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueOptionPricingModelMember0000206615953474213155115871222075749P90DP90DP90DP90DP90DP90D0001651052--12-312020FYP3YP3YP7YP3YP7Y00000falseP90DLarge Accelerated FilerP90D0001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-11-012020-11-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-09-012020-09-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-06-012020-06-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-03-012020-03-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember2018-07-300001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-300001651052focs:NonAccreditedInvestorMemberus-gaap:IPOMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2018-12-310001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2019-12-310001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-12-310001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:MarketConditionBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2019-01-012019-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-300001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate9.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate7.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate6.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate5.50Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate44.71Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate36.64Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate33.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate30.48Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate28.50Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate27.90Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate27.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate26.26Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate23.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate22.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate21.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate19.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate17.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate16.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate14.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate13.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate12.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate11.00Member2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate1.42Member2020-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedIncentiveUnitsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:MarketConditionBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2018-01-012018-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice35.00Member2018-10-012018-10-310001651052us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedAwardsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:MarketConditionBasedAwardsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:WealthManagementServicesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:OtherServicesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052country:US2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:NonUsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:WealthManagementServicesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:OtherServicesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052country:US2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:NonUsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:WealthManagementServicesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:OtherServicesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052country:US2018-01-012018-12-310001651052srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:EquipmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EquipmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:LeaseholdsAndLeaseholdImprovementsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2020-12-310001651052focs:ComputersSoftwareDevelopmentAndEquipmentMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:LeaseholdsAndLeaseholdImprovementsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2019-12-310001651052focs:ComputersSoftwareDevelopmentAndEquipmentMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052focs:FocusFinancialPartnersLLCMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:IPOMember2018-07-302018-07-3000016510522020-12-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-01-012021-02-190001651052focs:CertainHoldersOfClassCommonStockAndClassBCommonStockMemberfocs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2021-01-012021-01-310001651052focs:CertainHoldersOfClassCommonStockAndClassBCommonStockMemberfocs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2019-07-012019-07-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2017-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2017-12-310001651052us-gaap:MemberUnitsMember2017-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2017-12-310001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2017-12-3100016510522019-02-012019-02-280001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownTwoMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownOneMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:StandbyLettersOfCreditMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:StandbyLettersOfCreditMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:StandbyLettersOfCreditMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:StandbyLettersOfCreditMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:InterestRateFloorMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-03-310001651052us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2020-01-012020-12-3100016510522018-03-012018-03-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2019-12-3100016510522019-12-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:SecondLienTermLoanMember2018-07-312018-07-310001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-03-310001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-04-012020-04-300001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-03-012020-03-310001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-12-310001651052focs:FloatingToFixedInterestRateSwapAgreementTwoMember2020-04-300001651052focs:FloatingToFixedInterestRateSwapAgreementOneMember2020-04-300001651052focs:CompensationAndRelatedExpensesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:CompensationAndRelatedExpensesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:CompensationAndRelatedExpensesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember2019-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2021-01-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2019-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2019-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-04-300001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-03-310001651052us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownTwoMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownTwoMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownThreeMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownThreeMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownOneMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolverStepDownOneMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-01-012020-12-3100016510522020-10-012020-12-3100016510522020-07-012020-09-3000016510522020-04-012020-06-3000016510522020-01-012020-03-3100016510522019-10-012019-12-3100016510522019-07-012019-09-3000016510522019-04-012019-06-3000016510522019-01-012019-03-310001651052us-gaap:MemberUnitsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:IPOMember2018-07-3000016510522017-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2018-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueOptionPricingModelMember2020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueDiscountedCashFlowMember2020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueOptionPricingModelMember2020-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueDiscountedCashFlowMember2020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueOptionPricingModelMember2019-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueOptionPricingModelMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:FocusFinancialPartnersLLCMemberus-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:OtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedStockOptionsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedStockOptionsMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:EmployeesAndNonEmployeesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:EmployeesAndNonEmployeesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMemberfocs:IpoAndReorganizationTransactionsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:TimeBasedIncentiveUnitsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:EmployeesAndNonEmployeesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:ContractBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:RestrictedCommonUnitsMember2020-12-310001651052focs:CertainHoldersOfClassCommonStockAndClassBCommonStockMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-11-012020-11-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-09-012020-09-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-06-012020-06-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-03-012020-03-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:MarketBasedStockOptionsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:MarketBasedStockOptionsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:MarketBasedStockOptionsMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:MarketConditionBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2018-07-132018-07-130001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:MarketBasedStockOptionsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:MarketBasedStockOptionsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:MarketBasedStockOptionsMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePriceLessThan42.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice42.00To63.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice35.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052srt:MaximumMemberfocs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice63.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052srt:MaximumMemberfocs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice42.00To63.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:MarketConditionBasedAwardsMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice35.00Member2018-10-012018-10-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePriceLessThan42.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2020-11-012020-11-300001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2020-09-012020-09-300001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2020-06-012020-06-300001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2020-03-012020-03-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate9.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate7.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate6.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate5.50Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate44.71Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate36.64Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate33.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate30.48Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate28.50Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate27.90Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate27.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate26.26Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate23.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate22.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate21.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate19.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate17.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate16.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate14.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate13.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate12.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate11.00Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:HurdleRate1.42Member2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2017-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2019-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2018-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice42.00To63.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:TimeBasedIncentiveUnitsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:MarketBasedIncentiveUnitsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:AccreditedInvestorMember2018-07-300001651052focs:NonAccreditedInvestorMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:MemberUnitsMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:FirstLienTermLoanMember2021-01-012021-01-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:IPOMember2018-07-302018-07-3000016510522021-02-012021-02-280001651052focs:NonAccreditedInvestorMember2018-07-300001651052focs:FocusFinancialPartnersLLCMemberus-gaap:IPOMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-12-3100016510522020-03-3100016510522018-07-300001651052us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2020-04-300001651052focs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberfocs:OmnibusIncentivePlan2018Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052srt:MinimumMemberfocs:AccreditedInvestorMember2018-07-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberfocs:AccreditedInvestorMember2018-07-300001651052focs:RestrictedCommonUnitsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:FirstLienRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:IncentiveUnitsMemberfocs:VestingConditionAveragePerSharePrice35.00Member2018-07-302018-07-300001651052focs:MarketBasedIncentiveUnitsMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2020-01-012020-12-3100016510522018-12-310001651052us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-01-012018-07-3000016510522018-01-012018-07-300001651052us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:FocusFinancialPartnersLLCMember2020-12-310001651052focs:FocusFinancialPartnersLLCMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2018-07-302018-07-300001651052srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueDiscountedCashFlowMember2019-12-310001651052srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ValuationTechniqueDiscountedCashFlowMember2019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001651052us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052focs:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialAssetAcquisitionsMember2018-01-012018-12-3100016510522018-01-012018-12-310001651052focs:ManagementAgreementMember2020-01-012020-12-3100016510522020-12-3100016510522019-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-01-012020-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:ParentMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-07-312018-12-310001651052us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-07-312018-12-3100016510522018-07-312018-12-3100016510522019-01-012019-12-310001651052us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2020-01-012020-12-3100016510522020-06-300001651052us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-02-150001651052us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-02-1500016510522020-01-012020-12-31xbrli:sharesiso4217:USDxbrli:purefocs:Voteiso4217:USDxbrli:sharesfocs:itemfocs:installmentfocs:agreementfocs:segment

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

     ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

OR

     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File No. 001-38604

Focus Financial Partners Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware

47-4780811

(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

875 Third Avenue, 28th Floor
New York, NY

10022

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(646519-2456

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share

FOCS

Nasdaq Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S -T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b -2 of the Exchange Act): Yes No

The aggregate market value of the Class A common stock held by non-affiliates was $1,037,877,082 on June 30, 2020, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

As of February 15, 2021, the registrant had 51,184,782 shares of Class A common stock and 20,661,595 shares of Class B common stock outstanding.

Documents incorporated by reference:

The registrant’s definitive proxy statement relating to the annual meeting of shareholders (to be held May 26, 2021) will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 and is incorporated by reference in Part III to the extent described herein.

Table of Contents

FOCUS FINANCIAL PARTNERS INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-K

FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

1

Glossary

2

PART I

3

Item 1.

Business

3

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

19

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

34

Item 2.

Properties

34

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

34

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

34

PART II

35

Item 5.

Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

35

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

35

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

38

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

61

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

61

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

61

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

62

Item 9B.

Other Information

64

PART III

65

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

65

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

65

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

65

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

65

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

65

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits

65

Signatures

69

Index To Financial Statements

F-1

i

Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Some of the information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”) may contain forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations, contain projections of results of operations or of financial condition, or forecasts of future events. Words such as “may,” “assume,” “forecast,” “position,” “predict,” “strategy,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “project,” “budget,” “potential,” “continue,” “will” and similar expressions are used to identify forward-looking statements. They can be affected by assumptions used or by known or unknown risks or uncertainties. Consequently, no forward-looking statements can be guaranteed. When considering these forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements described under “Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors.” Actual results may vary materially. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. You should also understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors and should not consider the following list to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties. Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by such forward-looking statements include:

fluctuations in wealth management fees;
our reliance on our partner firms and the principals who manage their businesses;
our ability to make successful acquisitions;
unknown liabilities of or poor performance by acquired businesses;
harm to our reputation;
our inability to facilitate smooth succession planning at our partner firms;
our inability to compete;
our reliance on key personnel and principals;
our inability to attract, develop and retain talented wealth management professionals;
our inability to retain clients following an acquisition;
our reliance on key vendors;
write down of goodwill and other intangible assets;
our failure to maintain and properly safeguard an adequate technology infrastructure;
cyber-attacks;
our inability to recover from business continuity problems;
inadequate insurance coverage;
impact of the novel coronavirus (“Covid-19”) outbreak on our business;
the termination of management agreements by management companies;
our inability to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness or our ability to access additional capital;
the failure of our partner firms to comply with applicable U.S. and non-U.S. regulatory requirements and the highly regulated nature of our business;

1

Table of Contents

legal proceedings, governmental inquiries; and
other factors discussed in this Annual Report.

All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report or as of the date as of which they are made. Except as required by applicable law, including federal securities laws, we do not intend to update or revise any forward-looking statements.

GLOSSARY

The following terms are used throughout this Annual Report:

Base Earnings. This is a percentage of the estimated operating cash flow earnings before partner compensation (i.e. Target Earnings) upon which we apply a multiple to determine acquisition prices. We retain a cumulative preferred position in Base Earnings.

Commission-based. Commission-based revenue is derived from commissions paid by clients or payments from third parties for sales of investment or insurance products.

Fee-based. Fee-based services are those for which a partner firm primarily charges a fee directly to the client for wealth management services, recordkeeping and administration services and other services rather than being primarily compensated through commissions from clients or from third parties for recommending financial products.

Fiduciary Duty. A fiduciary duty is a legal duty to act in another party’s interests, with utmost good faith, to make full and fair disclosure of all material facts and to exercise all reasonable care to avoid misleading clients.

GAAP. Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

High Net Worth. High net worth individuals are generally defined in the financial industry as those with liquid financial assets, excluding primary residence, in excess of $1 million.

Lift Out. The circumstance when a group of wealth management professionals, already working as a team, seeks to leave their current employer and join another employer or start their own registered investment advisor firm.

Open-architecture. An investment platform that grants clients access to a wide range of investment funds and products offered by third parties. By contrast, a closed architecture is an investment platform that grants clients access only to proprietary investment funds and products.

Partnership. The term we use to refer to our business and relationship with our partner firms. It is not intended to describe a particular form of legal entity or a legal relationship.

Target Earnings. The estimated operating cash flow earnings before partner compensation.

Ultra-High Net Worth. Ultra-high net worth individuals are generally defined in the financial industry as those with liquid financial assets, excluding primary residence, in excess of $30 million.

Wealth Management. Comprehensive professional services that combine investment advice, financial and tax planning, consulting, tax return preparation, family office services and other services that help clients achieve their objectives regarding accumulation, preservation and distribution of long-term wealth.

Wirehouse. Brokerage firm that provides a full range of investment, research, trading and wealth management services to clients. The term originated prior to the advent of modern wireless communications, when brokerage firms were connected to their branches primarily through telephone and telegraph wires.

2

Table of Contents

PART I

Unless otherwise indicated or the context requires, all references to “we”, “us”, “our”, the “Company”, “Focus Inc.” and similar terms for periods prior to our initial public offering (“IPO”) and related reorganization transactions (the “Reorganization Transactions”) refer to Focus Financial Partners, LLC and its subsidiaries. For periods subsequent to the IPO and Reorganization Transactions, these terms refer to Focus Financial Partners Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. “Focus LLC” refers to Focus Financial Partners, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a consolidated subsidiary of ours following the IPO and Reorganization Transactions.

The term “partner firms” refers to our consolidated subsidiaries engaged in wealth management and related services, the businesses of which are typically managed by the principals. The term “principals” refers to the wealth management professionals who manage the businesses of our partner firms pursuant to the relevant management agreement. The term “our partnership” refers to our business and relationship with our partner firms and is not intended to describe a particular form of legal entity or a legal relationship.

Item 1. Business

Corporate Structure

Focus Inc. was incorporated as a Delaware corporation on July 29, 2015 for the purpose of completing our IPO and Reorganization Transactions. On July 30, 2018, we completed our IPO of 18,648,649 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share. The shares began trading on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on July 26, 2018 under the ticker symbol “FOCS.” We used the proceeds from the IPO to purchase certain outstanding Focus LLC units, to reduce indebtedness and for acquisitions and general corporate business purposes.

In connection with the IPO and Reorganization Transactions, Focus Inc. became a holding company whose most significant asset is a membership interest in Focus LLC. Focus LLC directly or indirectly owns all of the outstanding equity interests in our partner firms. Focus Inc. is the sole managing member of Focus LLC and is responsible for all operational, management and administrative decisions of Focus LLC. Subject to certain restrictions, unitholders of Focus LLC (other than Focus Inc. and any of its subsidiaries) may receive shares of our Class A common stock pursuant to the exercise of an exchange right or a call right.

Our Company

We are a leading partnership of independent, fiduciary wealth management firms operating in the highly fragmented registered investment adviser (“RIA”) industry, with a footprint of over 70 partner firms primarily in the United States. We have achieved this market leadership by positioning ourselves as the partner of choice for many firms in an industry where a number of secular trends are driving consolidation. Our partner firms primarily service ultra-high net worth and high net worth individuals and families by providing highly differentiated and comprehensive wealth management services. Our partner firms benefit from our intellectual and financial resources, operating as part of a scaled business model with aligned economic interests, while retaining their entrepreneurial culture and independence.

3

Table of Contents

Our partnership is built on the following principles, which enable us to attract and retain high-quality wealth management firms and accelerate their growth:

Entrepreneurship:

Maintain the entrepreneurial spirit, independence and unique culture of each partner firm.

Fiduciary Standard:

Partner with wealth management firms that are held to the fiduciary standard in serving their clients.

Alignment of Interests:

Align principals’ interests with our interests through our differentiated partnership and economic model.

Value-Add Services:

Empower our partner firms through collaboration on strategy, growth and acquisition opportunities, marketing, technology and operational expertise, access to best practices and cash and credit solutions. Provide access to world-class intellectual resources and capital to fund expansion and acquisitions.

We were founded by entrepreneurs and began revenue-generating and acquisition activities in 2006. Since that time, we have:

created a partnership of over 70 partner firms, the substantial majority of which are RIAs registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) pursuant to the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Advisers Act”);
built a business with revenues in excess of $1.3 billion for the year ended December 31, 2020;
increased revenues at a compound annual growth rate of 33.3% since 2006;
established an attractive revenue model whereby in excess of 95% of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 were fee-based and recurring in nature;
built a partnership currently comprised of over 4,000 wealth management-focused principals and employees; and
established a national footprint across the United States and expanded our presence internationally with partner firms in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom.

We are in the midst of a fundamental shift in the growing wealth management services industry. The delivery of wealth management services is moving from traditional brokerage, commission-based platforms to a fiduciary, open-architecture and fee-based structure. This shift has resulted in a significant transfer of client assets and wealth management professionals out of traditional brokerage, commission-based platforms to independent wealth management practices. We believe that our leading partnership of independent, fiduciary wealth management firms positions us to benefit from these trends.

The independent wealth management industry, including RIAs, is highly fragmented, which we believe enables us to continue our growth strategy of acquiring high-quality independent wealth management firms, directly and through acquisitions by our partner firms. We have a track record of enhancing the competitive position of our partner firms by providing them with access to the intellectual expertise, resources and network benefits of our large organization. Our scale enables us to help our partner firms achieve operational efficiencies and ensure organizational continuity. Additionally, our scale, resources and value-added services increase our partner firms’ ability to achieve growth through a variety of tactical, operational and strategic initiatives, as well as the consummation of their own acquisitions. As our existing partner firms benefit from these growth initiatives, we continue to focus on acquisitions of new partner firms.

4

Table of Contents

Our partnership is comprised of trusted professionals providing comprehensive wealth management services through a largely recurring, fee-based model, which differentiates our partner firms from the traditional brokerage platforms whose revenues are largely derived from commissions. We derive a substantial majority of our revenues from wealth management fees for investment advice, financial and tax planning, consulting, tax return preparation, family office services and other services. We also generate other revenues from recordkeeping and administration service fees, commissions and distribution fees and outsourced services.

Our Growth Strategy

We believe we are well-positioned to take advantage of favorable trends in the wealth management industry, including the migration of wealth management professionals from traditional brokerage, commission-based platforms to a fiduciary, open-architecture and fee-based structure. We plan to grow our business through the growth of our existing partner firms and the expansion of our partnership.

Growth of Our Existing Partner Firms

High-Quality, Growth-Oriented Partner Firms

Our goal has been and continues to be to acquire high-quality, entrepreneurial wealth management firms that have built their businesses through a proven track record of growth. We believe that our partner firms will continue to take advantage of the shift in client assets to the RIA space and grow organically through acquisitions of wealth management practices and customer relationships, by attracting new clients, adding new wealth management professionals, increasing client assets from existing clients and through financial market appreciation over time. The economic arrangements put in place at the time of acquisition through our management agreements incentivize the principals of our partner firms to continue executing on their growth plans.

Value-Added Services

We have a team of over 80 professionals who support our partner firms by providing value-added services, including marketing and business development support; human resources support, including adviser coaching and development and structuring compensation and incentive models, career path planning and succession planning advice; operational and technology expertise, cash and credit solutions, legal and regulatory support and providing negotiating leverage with vendors. Our value-added services also include access to our M&A expertise, which facilitates acquisition opportunities for our partner firms through a proactive outreach program, structuring, executing and funding transactions and providing guidance to partner firms to facilitate their integration into our partnership as well as integration of mergers they execute. We assign a relationship leader to each partner firm who is responsible for coordinating our value-added services to assist that partner firm in accelerating its growth. Our partner firms also have access to our intellectual expertise and partner firm network, which ultimately enhance their operations, enabling them to better serve their clients.

Some of our key value-added services are described in detail below.

Marketing and Business Development. We offer marketing and business development coaching to our partner firms on topics including referral programs, revenue enhancement measures, communications, website and social media, brand strategy and public relations support. Our marketing team works closely with each of our partner firms to understand their unique value proposition and help them better market themselves to their clients and their centers of influence, including accounting and law firms who serve as potential referral sources. To further support our partner firms, in June 2018 we completed a minority investment in Financial Insight Technology, Inc. (known as SmartAsset), a New York-based fintech company that connects prospective clients with financial advisers and provides tools to help individuals make more informed financial decisions.

Talent Management. We support the mentoring of next-generation talent at each of our partner firms through continuous coaching programs that we organize and execute. These programs emphasize key learnings gained from observing top talent across our organization, allowing our firms to benefit from best practices across our talent pool.

5

Table of Contents

Compensation Structures and Succession Planning. We help our partner firms align their compensation models to further incentivize their teams. We also facilitate wealth management professional career path planning and advise on principal promotions to the respective management company. These services allow our partner firms to attract and retain the highest quality wealth management professionals. Our acquisition structure facilitates succession planning by maintaining the partner firm and management company as separate entities, thereby allowing for the principals owning the management company to transition over time without disrupting client relationships at the partner firm.

Operations and Technology. We assist partner firms in selecting and implementing third-party technology solutions that strengthen each firm’s operational performance. Our partner firms can request that our operations team conduct detailed operational assessments to determine their staffing and operating efficiency. Additionally, our operations team provides partner firms negotiating leverage with vendors and cost-efficient access to third-party technology.

Cash and Credit Solutions. Through Focus Client Solutions we have created a network of third-party banks and non-bank lenders to provide a competitive array of cash and credit solutions. These alternatives enable our partner firms to proactively help their clients achieve higher yields on cash, as well as unlock home equity and business opportunities through refinancing, commercial lending and other options.

Legal and Regulatory Support. We have an experienced team of legal professionals in place to help support our partner firms in fulfilling their regulatory responsibilities by providing subject matter guidance and expertise. We also have relationships with numerous high quality law firms and compliance consultants that can assist our partner firms create, implement and maintain a robust compliance environment.

Sharing of Best Practices / Collaboration with Other Partner Firms. Our partner firms have access to networking opportunities, best practices roundtable discussions and training seminars. We offer offsite and virtual meetings, seminars and other forums for partner firms to learn and adopt best practices. We host partners meetings where wealth management professionals from our partner firms have opportunities to collaborate and share ideas. In addition we host periodic summits for chief investment officers, chief compliance officers, chief operating officers, chief financial officers and chief marketing officers, where our partner firms can share specialized expertise and business development practices. Our partner firms are also encouraged to share best practices regularly in order to enhance their collective ability to better serve their clients.

Expansion of Our Partnership

Our Acquisition Models

We are a source of permanent capital and buy substantially all of the assets of the firms we acquire. We utilize three models for acquisitions: (1) direct acquisitions of wealth management practices who become partner firms of Focus but operate on an autonomous basis, (2) acquisitions of wealth management practices and customer relationships on behalf of our partner firms to accelerate the growth of their businesses, and (3) acquisitions of wealth management practices on behalf of Connectus Wealth Advisers (“Connectus”), one of our partner firms. Firms that join Connectus manage their client relationships and retain their brand identity post-acquisition, but rely on a shared infrastructure and other services provided by Connectus.

Acquisitions of New Partner Firms

Since inception, a fundamental aspect of our growth strategy has been the acquisition of high-quality, independent wealth management firms to expand our partnership. We believe that there are approximately 1,000 firms in the United States that are high-quality targets for future acquisitions. While most of our acquisitions have taken place in the United States, we also see opportunities in several countries where market and regulatory trends toward the fiduciary standard and open-architecture access mirror those occurring in the United States. We have already begun expansion into Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom.

6

Table of Contents

Our differentiated partnership model and track record have allowed us to grow and enhance our leadership position in the independent wealth management industry.

We are highly selective in choosing our partner firms and conduct extensive financial, legal, regulatory, tax, operational and business due diligence. We evaluate a variety of criteria including the quality of the wealth management professionals, client characteristics, historical revenues and cash flows, the recurring nature of the revenues, compliance policies and procedures and the alignment of interests between wealth management professionals and clients. We focus on firms with owners who are committed to the long-term management and growth of their businesses.

With limited exceptions, our partner firm acquisitions have been structured as acquisitions of substantially all of the assets of the firm we chose to partner with but only a portion of the underlying economics in order to align the principals’ interests with our own objectives. To determine the acquisition price, we first estimate the operating cash flow of the business based on current and projected levels of revenue and expense, before compensation and benefits to the selling principals or other individuals who become principals. We refer to the operating cash flow of the business as Earnings Before Partner Compensation (“EBPC”), and to this EBPC estimate as Target Earnings (“Target Earnings”). In economic terms, we typically purchase 40% to 60% of the partner firm’s EBPC. The purchase price is a multiple of the corresponding percentage of Target Earnings and may consist of cash or a combination of cash and equity, and the right to receive contingent consideration. We refer to the corresponding percentage of Target Earnings on which we base the purchase price as Base Earnings (“Base Earnings”). Under a management agreement between our operating subsidiary and the management company and the principals, the management company is entitled to management fees typically consisting of all future EBPC of the acquired wealth management firm in excess of Base Earnings up to Target Earnings, plus a percentage of any EBPC in excess of Target Earnings. Through the management agreement, we create downside protection for ourselves by retaining a cumulative preferred position in Base Earnings.

Since 2006, when we began revenue-generating and acquisition activities, we have grown to a partnership with over 70 partner firms. Acquisitions of partner firms to date have been structured as illustrated below, with limited exceptions. Subsidiary mergers at the partner firm level and acquisitions in foreign jurisdictions have been structured differently, and we expect some differences in the future depending on legal and tax considerations.

Graphic

(1)Focus LLC forms a wholly owned subsidiary.
(2)In exchange for cash or a combination of cash and equity and the right to receive contingent consideration, the new operating subsidiary acquires substantially all of the assets of the target firm, which is owned by the selling principals, and becomes the new operating subsidiary of Focus.

7

Table of Contents

(3)The selling principals form a management company. In addition to the selling principals, the management company may include non-selling principals who become newly admitted in connection with the acquisition or thereafter.
(4)The new operating subsidiary, the principals and the management company enter into a management agreement which typically has an initial term of six years subject to automatic renewals for consecutive one-year terms, unless earlier terminated by either the management company or us in certain limited situations. Under the management agreement, the management company is entitled to management fees typically consisting of all future EBPC of the new operating subsidiary in excess of Base Earnings up to Target Earnings, plus a percentage of any EBPC in excess of Target Earnings. Pursuant to the management agreement, the management company provides the personnel who lead the day-to-day operations of the new operating subsidiary. Through the management agreement, we create downside protection for ourselves by retaining a cumulative preferred position in each partner firm’s Base Earnings.

In connection with a typical acquisition, we enter into an acquisition agreement with the target firm and its selling principals pursuant to which we purchase substantially all of the assets of the target firm. The purchase price is a multiple of Base Earnings, which is a percentage of Target Earnings. The purchase price is comprised of a base purchase price and a right to receive contingent consideration in the form of earn out payments. The contingent consideration for acquisitions of new partner firms is generally paid over a six-year period upon the satisfaction of specified growth thresholds in years three and six. These growth thresholds are typically tied to the compounded annual growth rate (“CAGR”) of the partner firm’s earnings. Such growth thresholds can be set annually over the six-year period as well. The contingent consideration for acquisitions made by our partner firms is paid upon the satisfaction of specified financial thresholds. These thresholds are typically tied to revenue as adjusted for certain criteria or other operating metrics, based on the retention or growth of the business acquired. These arrangements may result in the payment of additional purchase price consideration to the sellers for periods following the closing of an acquisition. Contingent consideration payments are typically payable in cash and, in some cases, equity.

The acquisition agreements contain customary representations and warranties of the parties, and closing is generally conditioned on the delivery of certain ancillary documents, including an executed management agreement, a confidentiality and non-solicitation agreement, a non-competition agreement and a notice issued by the acquired firm to its clients notifying them of the acquisition and requesting their consent for the assignment of any agreements to the successor firm.

In connection with the acquisition, management companies and selling principals agree to non-competition and non-solicitation provisions of the management agreement, as well as standalone non-competition and non-solicitation agreements required by the acquisition agreement. Such non-competition and non-solicitation agreements typically have five-year terms. The non-competition and non-solicitation provisions of the management agreement continue during the term of the management agreement and for a period of two years thereafter.

Our partner firms are primarily overseen by the principals who own the management company formed concurrently with the acquisition. Our operating subsidiary, the management company and the principals enter into a long-term management agreement pursuant to which the management company provides the personnel responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of the partner firm. The term of the management agreement is generally six years subject to automatic renewals for consecutive one-year terms, unless earlier terminated by either the management company or us in certain limited situations. Subject to applicable cure periods, we may terminate the management agreement upon the occurrence of an event of cause, which may include willful misconduct by the management company or any principal that is reasonably likely to result in a material adverse effect, the failure of the management company to comply with regulatory or other governmental compliance procedures or a material breach of the agreement by the management company or the principals. In some cases, we may have the right to terminate the agreement if any principal ceases to be involved on a full-time basis in the management of the management company or the performance of services under the agreement. Generally, the management company may terminate the management agreement upon a material breach of the agreement by us and the expiration of the applicable cure period.

8

Table of Contents

This ownership and management structure allows the principals to maintain their entrepreneurial spirit through autonomous day-to-day decision making, while gaining access to our extensive resources and preserving the principals’ long-term economic incentive to continue to grow the business. The management company structure provides both flexibility to us and stability to our partner firms by permitting the principals to continue to build equity value in the management company as the partner firm grows and to control their internal economics and succession plans within the management company.

The following table provides an illustrative example of our economics, including management fees earned by the management company, for periods of projected revenues, +10% growth in revenues and −10% growth in revenues. This example assumes (i) Target Earnings of $3.0 million; (ii) Base Earnings acquired of 60% of Target Earnings or $1.8 million; and (iii) a percentage of earnings in excess of Target Earnings retained by the management company of 40%.

    

Projected

    

+10% Growth

    

−10% Growth 

Revenues

in Revenues

in Revenues

(in thousands)

New Partner Firm

New partner firm revenues

$

5,000

$

5,500

$

4,500

Less:

Operating expenses (excluding management fees)

 

(2,000)

 

(2,000)

 

(2,000)

EBPC

$

3,000

$

3,500

$

2,500

Base Earnings to Focus Inc. (60%)

 

1,800

 

1,800

 

1,800

Management fees to management company (40%)

 

1,200

 

1,200

 

700

EBPC in excess of Target Earnings:

To Focus Inc. (60%)

 

 

300

 

To management company as management fees (40%)

 

 

200

 

Focus Inc.

Focus Inc. revenues

$

5,000

$

5,500

$

4,500

Less:

Operating expenses (excluding management fees)

 

(2,000)

 

(2,000)

 

(2,000)

Less:

Management fees to management company

 

(1,200)

 

(1,400)

 

(700)

Operating income

$

1,800

$

2,100

$

1,800

In certain circumstances, the structure of our relationship with partner firms may differ from the typical structure described above. In addition, we expect some differences in the structure of our future international acquisitions. For example, the structure of our ownership interests in non-U.S. partner firms may differ from the way in which we own our U.S. partner firms.

Acquisitions by Our Partner Firms

We are instrumental to, and support the acquisition of, wealth management practices and customer relationships by our partner firms to further expand their businesses. Partner firms pursue acquisitions for a variety of reasons, including geographic expansion, acquisition of new talent and/or specific expertise and succession planning. Acquisitions by our partner firms allow them to add new talent and services to better support their client base while simultaneously capturing synergies from the acquired businesses. We believe there are currently approximately 5,000 firms in the United States that are suitable targets for our partner firms. We have an experienced team of professionals with deep industry relationships to assist in identifying potential acquisition targets for our partner firms. Through our proprietary in-house sourcing effort, we frequently identify acquisition opportunities for our partner firms. Additionally, many of our partner firms are well known in the industry and have developed extensive relationships. In recent years,

9

Table of Contents

principals and employees of our partner firms have identified attractive merger candidates, and we believe this trend will continue as our partner firms continue to build scale.

In addition to sourcing opportunities, we are actively involved through each stage of the process to provide legal, financial, tax, compliance and operational expertise to guide our partner firms through the acquisition due diligence process and execution. We provide the funding for acquisitions in the same manner that a parent company would typically fund acquisitions by its subsidiaries.

Our partner firms typically acquire substantially all of the assets of a target firm for cash or a combination of cash and equity and the right to receive contingent consideration. In certain situations, when the acquisition involves a merger with a corporation, and the consideration includes our Class A common stock, Focus Inc. may purchase all of the equity of a target firm and then contribute the assets to our partner firm. In certain instances, our partner firms may acquire only the customer relationships. At the time a partner firm consummates an acquisition, we amend our management agreement with the partner firm to adjust Base Earnings and Target Earnings to reflect the projected post acquisition EBPC of the partner firm.

Our partner firms completed 17 transactions in 2018, 28 transactions in 2019 and 18 transactions in 2020, including four transactions completed by Connectus. With our approval and support, our partner firms may choose to merge with each other as well. Consolidation of our existing partner firms leads to efficiencies and incremental growth in our cash flows. Since January 2017, three partner firms have consummated mergers with other partner firms. In 2020, one of our partner firms also separated and spun out one of its offices into a new standalone partner firm.

Acquisitions Through Connectus

Connectus has wealth advisory subsidiaries in the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom. It was launched through a partner firm that joined us in 2007 and subsequently expanded in the United States and into Australia through the acquisition of four wealth management practices in 2020. In February 2021, Connectus completed its first acquisition in the United Kingdom. We expect that Connectus’ international footprint will expand further. Connectus is designed for founders and teams of wealth management practices who want to continue managing their client relationships and maintaining their boutique cultures under their own brand names, while gaining the operational efficiencies of shared infrastructure and other services provided by Connectus. Connectus offers integrated technology, investment support and centralized services, including compliance, accounting and talent management. Connectus also provides marketing capabilities to support business expansion through lead generation and organic growth programs. Through us, Connectus advisers gain a strategic growth partner with specialized capabilities. They benefit from our global scale and extensive network of partner firms, continuity planning expertise and client solutions.

In connection with a typical Connectus acquisition, we enter into an acquisition agreement with the target firm and its selling principals pursuant to which Connectus purchases substantially all of the assets or equity of the target firm for cash. Because of Connectus’ unique structure, Focus in most cases retains 100% of post-acquisition profitability and the selling principals and advisers of the target firm receive market-based compensation and growth-based economics generally based on the growth of revenues.

Lift Outs of Established Wealth Management Professionals

From time to time, through Focus Independence, we offer teams of wealth management professionals at traditional brokerage firms and wirehouses with attractive track records and books of business the opportunity to establish their own independent wealth management firm and ultimately join our partnership as a new partner firm. This program gives these professionals the opportunity to build a business largely unencumbered by the conflicts of interest they face at traditional brokerage firms and wirehouses and with more favorable economics. Focus Independence is a targeted approach to lift out teams of wealth management professionals from traditional brokerage firms and wirehouses with attractive track records and books of business and make them entrepreneurs within our partnership. The program has been successful, with the substantial majority of ultra-high net worth and high net worth clients retained by the newly formed partner firm. To date we have completed 14 acquisitions of new partner firms through Focus Independence.

10

Table of Contents

We work with each team of wealth management professionals to establish a new RIA business and provide consultation as needed on virtually everything needed to transition to and operate the new RIA as a full-service firm, including technology, personnel and office space. With many teams, we enter into an option agreement, which provides us with the option to acquire substantially all of the assets of the RIA 12 to 13 months after the team’s resignation date from the brokerage firm or wirehouse. The option agreement provides a purchase price formula, typically equal to a multiple of the portion of the new RIA’s run-rate EBPC at the time of acquisition closing. The option agreement also establishes the portion of the purchase price to be paid in cash and equity. Transactions with teams where we do not enter into an option agreement may be structured more like a typical acquisition.

Our Partner Firms

Our partner firms provide comprehensive wealth management services to ultra-high net worth and high net worth individuals and families, as well as business entities, under a largely recurring, fee-based model. Our partner firms provide these services across a diverse range of investment styles, asset classes and clients. The substantial majority of our partner firms are RIAs, and certain of our partner firms also have affiliated broker-dealers and/or insurance brokers. Several of our partner firms and their principals have been recognized as leading wealth management firms and advisers by financial publications such as Barron’s, The Financial Times and Forbes.

Our partner firms derive a substantial majority of their revenues from wealth management fees, which are comprised of fees earned from wealth management services, including investment advice, financial and tax planning, consulting, tax return preparation, family office services and other services. Fees are primarily based either on a contractual percentage of the client’s assets based on the market value of the client’s assets on the predetermined billing date, a flat fee, an hourly rate based on predetermined billing rates or a combination of such fees and are billed either in advance or arrears on a monthly, quarterly or semiannual basis. In certain cases, such wealth management fees may be subject to minimum fee levels depending on the services performed. We also generate other revenue from recordkeeping and administration service fees, commissions and distribution fees and outsourced services.

We currently have over 70 partner firms. All of our partner firm acquisitions have been paid for with cash or a combination of cash and equity and the right to receive contingent consideration. We have to date, with limited exceptions, acquired substantially all of the assets of the firms we choose to partner with and have assumed only post-closing contractual obligations, not any material existing liabilities.

11

Table of Contents

The following is a list of our partner firms as of February 19, 2021:

    

    

Joined through

    

Acquisition(s)

Partner

Focus

Completed by

Partner Firm

Firm Since

Independence

Partner Firm

 

2006

1

StrategicPoint

 

January

2

HoyleCohen

 

May

 

 

2007

3

Sentinel Benefits & Financial Group

 

January

 

4

Buckingham

 

February

 

5

Benefit Financial Services Group

 

March

 

6

JFS Wealth Advisors

 

August

 

7

Connectus Wealth Advisers (1)

 

September

 

8

GW & Wade

 

September

 

 

2008

9

Greystone

 

April

 

10

WESPAC

 

July

 

2009

11

Joel Isaacson & Co.

 

November

12

Coastal Bridge Advisors

 

December

 

 

 

2010

13

Pettinga

 

December

 

2011

14

Sapient Private Wealth Management

 

September

 

 

15

The Colony Group

 

October

 

16

LVW Advisors

 

October

 

 

 

2012

17

Vestor Capital

 

October

18

Merriman

 

December

 

19

The Portfolio Strategy Group

 

December

 

2013

20

LaFleur & Godfrey

 

August

21

Telemus Capital

 

August

 

 

2014

22

Summit Financial

 

April

 

 

23

Flynn Family Office

 

June

 

24

Gratus Capital

 

October

 

25

Strategic Wealth Partners

 

November

 

 

2015

26

IFAM Capital

 

February

 

27

Dorchester Wealth Management

 

April

 

28

The Fiduciary Group

 

April

29

Quadrant Private Wealth

 

July

 

30

Relative Value Partners

 

July

31

Fort Pitt Capital Group

 

October

32

Patton Albertson Miller Group

 

October

 

2016

33

Douglas Lane & Associates

 

January

34

Kovitz Investment Group Partners

 

January

 

35

Waddell & Associates

 

April

36

Transform Wealth

 

April

 

37

GYL Financial Synergies

 

August

 

38

XML Financial Group

 

October

 

 

2017

39

Crestwood Advisors

 

January

40

CFO4Life

 

February

 

41

One Charles Private Wealth

 

February

 

42

Bordeaux Wealth Advisors

 

March

43

Gelfand, Rennert & Feldman

 

April

 

44

Lake Street Advisors

 

April

45

Financial Professionals

 

May

46

SCS Financial Services

 

July

 

47

Brownlie & Braden

 

July

48

Eton Advisors

 

September

 

2018

49

Cornerstone Wealth

 

January

 

50

Fortem Financial

 

February

 

51

Bartlett Wealth Management

 

April

52

Campbell Deegan Financial

 

April

 

53

Nigro, Karlin, Segal, Feldstein & Bolno (NKSFB)

 

April

 

54

TrinityPoint Wealth

 

May

 

55

Asset Advisors Investment Management

 

July

56

Edge Capital Group

 

August

57

Vista Wealth Management

 

August

 

2019

58

Altman, Greenfield & Selvaggi

 

January

59

Prime Quadrant

 

February

60

Foster, Dykema & Cabot

 

March

61

Escala Partners

April

62

Sound View Wealth Advisors

April

63

Williams Jones

August

2020

64

Nexus Investment Management

February

65

Mediq Financial Services

May

66

TMD Wealth Management

October

67

InterOcean Capital

October

68

Seasons of Advice

November

69

CornerStone Partners

December

70

Fairway Wealth Management

December

71

Kavar Capital Partners

December

(1)Atlas Private Wealth was the initial anchor firm of Connectus Wealth Advisors.

12

Table of Contents

The following shows certain of the value-added services we have provided to our partner firms through February 19, 2021:

ValueAdded Services

Operational

Marketing and

and

Legal and

Business

Technology

Compliance

Talent

Succession

Partner Firm

    

Development

    

Enhancements

    

Support

    

Management

    

Planning

1

StrategicPoint

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

2

HoyleCohen

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

3

Sentinel Benefits & Financial Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

4

Buckingham

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

5

Benefit Financial Services Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

6

JFS Wealth Advisors

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

7

Connectus Wealth Advisers (1)

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

8

GW & Wade

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

9

Greystone

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

10

WESPAC

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

11

Joel Isaacson & Co.

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

12

Coastal Bridge Advisors

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

13

Pettinga

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

14

Sapient Private Wealth Management

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

15

The Colony Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

16

LVW Advisors

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

17

Vestor Capital

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

18

Merriman

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

19

The Portfolio Strategy Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

20

LaFleur & Godfrey

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

21

Telemus Capital

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

22

Summit Financial

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

23

Flynn Family Office

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

24

Gratus Capital

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

25

Strategic Wealth Partners

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

26

IFAM Capital

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

27

Dorchester Wealth Management

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

28

The Fiduciary Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

29

Quadrant Private Wealth

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

30

Relative Value Partners

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

31

Fort Pitt Capital Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

32

Patton Albertson Miller Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

33

Douglas Lane & Associates

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

Ö

34

Kovitz Investment Group Partners

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

35

Waddell & Associates

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

36

Transform Wealth

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

37

GYL Financial Synergies

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

38

XML Financial Group

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

39

Crestwood Advisors

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

40

CFO4Life

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

41

One Charles Private Wealth

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

42

Bordeaux Wealth Advisors

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

43

Gelfand, Rennert & Feldman

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

44

Lake Street Advisors

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

45

Financial Professionals

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

46

SCS Financial Services

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

47

Brownlie & Braden

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

48

Eton Advisors

 

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

49

Cornerstone Wealth

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

50

Fortem Financial

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

51

Bartlett Wealth Management

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

Ö

52

Campbell Deegan Financial

 

Ö

Ö

53

Nigro, Karlin, Segal, Feldstein, & Bolno (NKSFB)

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

54

TrinityPoint Wealth

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

55

Asset Advisors Investment Management

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

56

Edge Capital Group

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

57

Vista Wealth Management

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

 

Ö

58

Altman, Greenfield & Selvaggi

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

59

Prime Quadrant

Ö

Ö

Ö

Ö

60

Foster, Dykema & Cabot

Ö

Ö

 

Ö

Ö

61

Escala Partners

Ö

Ö

Ö

Ö

62

Sound View Wealth Advisors

Ö

Ö

Ö

63

Williams Jones

Ö

Ö

Ö

64

Nexus Investment Management

Ö

65

Mediq Financial Services

Ö

66

TMD Wealth Management

Ö

67

InterOcean Capital

Ö

68

Seasons of Advice

Ö

69

CornerStone Partners

Ö

70

Fairway Wealth Management

Ö

Ö

71

Kavar Capital Partners

Ö

Ö

(1)Atlas Private Wealth was the initial anchor firm of Connectus Wealth Advisors.

13

Table of Contents

Our partner firms are primarily located in the United States. In addition, we have three partner firms, Escala Partners, Financial Professionals and MEDIQ Financial Services, in Australia, three partner firms, Dorchester Wealth Management, Prime Quadrant and Nexus Investment Management, in Canada and one partner firm, Greystone, in the United Kingdom. In addition, our partner firm Connectus has locations in Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States. The following table shows our domestic and international revenues for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020:

    

Year Ended December 31, 

 

    

2018

    

2019

    

2020

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

Domestic revenue

$

889,166

    

97.6

%  

$

1,170,169

    

96.0

%  

$

1,291,630

    

94.9

%

International revenue

 

21,714

 

2.4

%  

 

48,172

 

4.0

%  

 

69,689

 

5.1

%

Total revenue

$

910,880

 

100.0

%  

$

1,218,341

 

100.0

%  

$

1,361,319

 

100.0

%

The maps below show the locations of our partner firms as of February 19, 2021. The majority of our partner firms operate multiple offices and in multiple states.

Graphic

Upon joining our partnership, each partner firm transitions its operations to our common general ledger, payroll and cash management systems. Our common general ledger system provides us access to financial information of each partner firm and is designed to accommodate the varied needs of each individual business. We control payroll and payment of management fees for partner firms through a common disbursement process. The common payroll system

14

Table of Contents

allows us to effectively monitor compensation, new hires, terminations and other personnel changes. We employ a cash management system under which cash held by partner firms above a threshold is transferred into our centralized accounts. The cash management system enables us to control and secure our cash flow and more efficiently monitor partner firm earnings and financial position.

We and our partner firms devote substantial time and effort to remaining current on, and addressing, regulatory and compliance matters. Each of our registered partner firms has its own chief compliance officer and has established a compliance program to help detect and prevent compliance violations.

While the chief compliance officers at our partner firms are principally responsible for maintaining their respective compliance programs and for tailoring them to the specifics of their partner firms’ businesses, we have an experienced team of legal professionals in place at the holding company to support our partner firms in fulfilling their regulatory responsibilities by providing additional guidance and expertise. We collaborate with each of our partner firms in its completion of an annual compliance risk assessment, which is conducted by an outside law firm or a compliance consulting firm. We also engage third-party firms to conduct periodic cybersecurity audits and help coordinate completion of certain other employee training. We also monitor how our partner firms address risk assessment recommendations and regulatory exam findings. We also work with our partner firms to assist them in identifying qualified legal and compliance advisers by leveraging our extensive relationships.

Competition

The wealth management industry is very competitive. We compete with a broad range of wealth management firms, including public and privately held investment advisers, traditional brokerage firms and wirehouses, firms associated with securities broker-dealers, financial institutions, private equity firms and insurance companies. We believe that important factors affecting our partner firms’ ability to compete for clients include the ability to attract and retain key wealth management professionals, investment performance, wealth management fee rates, the quality of services provided to clients, the depth and continuity of client relationships, adherence to the fiduciary standard and reputation.

We strategically built a leading partnership of independent, fiduciary wealth management firms led by entrepreneurs through a unique, disciplined and proven acquisition strategy. Our differentiated partnership model has allowed us to grow and enhance our leadership position in the wealth management industry. As we continue our growth strategy of acquiring high-quality partner firms, we believe that important factors affecting our ability to compete for future acquisitions include:

the degree to which target wealth management firms view our partnership model as preferable, financially and operationally or otherwise, to acquisition or other arrangements offered by other potential purchasers;
the reputation and performance of our existing and future partner firms, by which target wealth management firms may judge us and our future prospects; and
the quality and breadth of our value-added services.

Human Capital

As of December 31, 2020, we had over 3,600 employees, 81 of whom were employed at the holding company. Additionally, as of December 31, 2020, there were over 550 management company principals that oversaw partner firms and were not our employees.

People are the key to our business, and we are guided in our human capital initiatives, as in all of our efforts, by our culture which we conscientiously work to foster. We are committed to developing the following four fundamental behaviors and skills to further our mission to be the globally recognized leader in independent fiduciary financial advice: Be Entrepreneurial; Be Collaborative; Be Curious; and Be Professional. We seek to develop and reinforce these

15

Table of Contents

behaviors and skills through frequent on-site and off-site training sessions, programs and presentations, and how we work with one another every day.

We recognize that the diversity of our employees, including our partner firms, is a tremendous asset, and are firmly committed to providing equal opportunity in all aspects of employment in order to attract, retain and develop human capital.

Accordingly, we will not tolerate any discrimination, abuse or harassment of any kind. Our non-harassment policy details its commitment to providing equal employment opportunities and a workplace that is respectful, productive, and free from unlawful discrimination, abuse or harassment, including sexual harassment. This policy, which is included in our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and our Employee Handbook, outlines clear procedures for reporting and responding to issues of concern.

We are committed to ensuring a healthy and safe environment and the wellness of our employees and this is exhibited through a number of wellness, training and other programs.

We also conduct regular assessments of our compensation and benefit practices and pay levels to help ensure that employees are compensated fairly and competitively.

For additional information on our human capital programs and initiatives, please see our “Policy on Human Rights, Human Capital Development and Information Protection” available in the Sustainability section of the Investor Relations page of our website.

Trademarks

We own many registered trademarks and service marks. We believe the Focus Financial Partners name and the many distinctive marks associated with it are of significant value and are very important to our business. Accordingly, as a general policy, we monitor the use of our marks and vigorously oppose any unauthorized use of them.

We register some of our copyrighted material and otherwise rely on common law protection of our copyrighted materials, but these are not material to our business.

Available Information

We are required to file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and certain other information with the SEC. The SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding registrants that file electronically with the SEC. Any documents filed by us with the SEC, including this Annual Report, can be downloaded from the SEC’s website.

We also make available free of charge through our website, www.focusfinancialpartners.com, electronic copies of certain documents that we file with the SEC, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC.

Regulatory Environment

Existing Regulation

Most of our partner firms are subject to extensive regulation in the United States. In addition, some of our partner firms are subject to extensive regulation in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom, as applicable. In the United States, our wealth management partner firms are subject to regulation primarily at the federal level, including regulation by the SEC under the Advisers Act, by the U.S. Department of Labor (the “DOL”) under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), and by the SEC and the Financial Industry Regulatory

16

Table of Contents

Authority (“FINRA”) for our partner firm subsidiaries that are broker‑dealers. Our partner firms may also be subject to regulation by state regulators for insurance and several other aspects of our partner firms’ activities. Outside of the United States, Escala, Financial Professionals and MEDIQ are primarily regulated by the Australian Securities & Investments Commission (“ASIC”); Dorchester, Prime Quadrant and Nexus Investment Management are primarily regulated by the securities regulators of Canada’s provinces; and Greystone is primarily regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the United Kingdom. Connectus’ operations are regulated by the U.S., U.K. and Australia regulators mentioned above.

Our U.S. based partner firms that are investment advisers are registered with the SEC under the Advisers Act. The Advisers Act imposes numerous obligations on RIAs, including fiduciary duties, compliance and disclosure obligations, recordkeeping requirements and operational requirements. Certain of our partner firms sponsor unregistered and registered funds in the United States and certain foreign jurisdictions. These activities subject those partner firms to additional regulatory requirements in those jurisdictions. In addition, many state securities commissions impose filing requirements on investment advisers that operate or have places of business in their states. Similarly, many states require certain client facing employees of RIAs and FINRA‑registered broker‑dealers to become state-licensed.

Certain of our partner firms have affiliated SEC-registered broker‑dealers for the purpose of distributing funds or other securities products or facilitating securities transactions. Broker‑dealers and their personnel are regulated, to a large extent, by the SEC and self‑regulatory organizations, principally FINRA. In addition, state regulators have supervisory authority over broker‑dealer activities conducted in their states. Broker‑dealers are subject to regulations which cover virtually all aspects of their business, including sales practices, trading practices, use and safekeeping of clients’ funds and securities, recordkeeping and the conduct of directors, officers, employees and representatives. Broker‑dealers are also subject to net capital rules that mandate that they maintain certain levels of capital. Certain partner firms have employees who are registered representatives with either affiliated or unaffiliated broker‑dealers.

Certain of our partner firms have licensed insurance affiliates. State insurance laws grant state insurance regulators broad administrative powers. These supervisory agencies regulate many aspects of the insurance business, including the licensing of insurance brokers and agents and other insurance intermediaries, and trade practices such as marketing, advertising and compensation arrangements entered into by insurance brokers and agents.

Our partner firms are also subject to regulation by the DOL under ERISA and related regulations with respect to investment advisory and management services provided to participants in retirement plans covered by ERISA and subject to regulation by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) with respect to individual retirement accounts (“IRAs”) pursuant to comparable provisions within the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”). Among other requirements, ERISA and the IRC imposes duties on persons who are fiduciaries under ERISA and the IRC, respectively, and prohibit certain transactions involving related parties.

Additionally, we and our partner firms are subject to various state, federal and international data privacy and cybersecurity laws designed to protect client and employee personally identifiable information. These laws and regulations are increasing in complexity and number, which has resulted in greater compliance risk and cost for us. The unauthorized access, use, theft or destruction of client or employee personal, financial or other data could expose us to potential financial penalties and legal liability.

Additional Regulatory Reform

Our partner firms are subject to the numerous regulatory reform initiatives in the United States and in international jurisdictions where they operate. New laws or regulations, or changes in enforcement of existing laws or regulations, could have a material and adverse impact on the scope or profitability of our partner firms’ business activities or require us and/or our partner firms to change business practices and incur additional costs as well as potential reputational harm.

As examples, on June 5, 2019, the SEC adopted a package of rulemakings and interpretations that imposed a best interest standard of conduct for broker‑dealers, required investment advisers and broker-dealers to deliver short‑form disclosure documents to retail investors and clarified the SEC’s views on the fiduciary duty that investment

17

Table of Contents

advisers owe to their clients. These rules went effective on September 10, 2019. Our partner firms developed the required short form disclosure documents.

On December 15, 2020, DOL adopted a new prohibited transaction exemption that is broadly aligned with the SEC’s rulemaking regarding conduct standards for broker-dealers and investment advisers. The new exemption went into effect on February 16, 2021. Among other things, the new DOL exemption clarified when advice regarding rollovers from ERISA plans could be considered fiduciary advice and is generally consistent with the SEC’s position on that issue.

On December 22, 2020, the SEC announced it had finalized reforms under the Investment Advisers Act regarding investment adviser advertisements and payments to solicitors. These new rules will replace the current advertising rule’s broad prohibitions and limitations with principles-based regulation. The new rules also clarify that both cash and non-cash compensation paid to solicitors qualify as compensation for referrals. While initially the impact of these rules appears positive for the business of our partner firms, the ultimate impact will be uncertain until after the compliance date for these rules.

In 2019, a Royal Commission in Australia issued recommendations following a lengthy inquiry into misconduct in the banking, superannuation and financial services industry. Many of those recommendations have now become law, with various regulations scheduled to go into effect throughout 2021. Among other things, these regulations may restrict or prevent product issuers from remunerating financial advisory firms who recommend their products to advisory clients. Additionally, the Australian government will soon concentrate the regulation of financial advisers in the hands of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission following the decommissioning of other regulatory bodies. Some of the regulations include a repeal of carve-outs and grandfathering of certain conflicted remuneration prohibitions.

In December 2019, the Canadian Securities Administrators adopted amendments to National Instrument 31-103 and its related Companion Policy which will impose new heightened requirements on our Canadian partner firms with respect to conflicts of interest, know your client, know your product and suitability obligations. Certain of the approved amendments are in effect already, while the remainder are expected to go into effect in 2021.

In addition, in December 2019, our U.K. wealth management partner firm became subject to the new Senior Managers and Certification Regime which provides for additional firm and individual responsibilities and enhanced oversight by the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority.

Of the many data privacy and cybersecurity laws being enacted or considered, the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) became effective on January 1, 2020. The CCPA requires certain partner firms to review and enhance their governance regarding the collection and categorizing of certain personal information. They were also required to develop procedures to respond to consumer and employee requests to be informed of their personal information that is collected and to have such information deleted if desired, among other elements. In September 2020, California extended until January 1, 2022 the exemption from the CCPA for information collected by businesses about employees. Further, in November 2020, California voters approved the California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”), which, among other things, expands California residents’ rights over the processing of their personal information and creates a dedicated privacy protection agency. The CPRA will become effective on January 1, 2023. Additionally, our U.K. based partner firms are subject to the U.K. Data Protection Act 2018 (“DPA”) which became effective on May 23, 2018 and the U.K. General Data Protection Regulation (“U.K. GDPR”), which became effective on January 1, 2021. The DPA and U.K. GDPR require these partner firms to enhance (over standards applying prior to May 2018) their governance regarding the collection, sharing and use of personal information. For example, specific disclosures are required about how personal information is collected, shared and used, affected individuals are given certain rights to control use of their personal information, and standards are set out relating to data transfers and the security of personal information.

In addition, financial regulators are increasing their enforcement and examination attention across a wide range of activities and business practices, including disclosure, conflicts of interest, cybersecurity, business continuity and succession planning. Such enhanced scrutiny may increase the likelihood of enforcement actions or violation findings, or cause us or our partner firms to change business practices or incur additional costs. It is also not possible to predict how such changes may impact the businesses of our competitors and the competitive dynamics of the industry.

18

Table of Contents

Item 1A. Risk Factors

You should carefully consider the information in this Annual Report and the following risks. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected by any of these risks. The risks described below are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks not presently known to us or which we consider immaterial also may adversely affect us.

Risks Related to Capital Markets and Competition

Our financial results largely depend on wealth management fees received by our partner firms, which are impacted by market fluctuations.

The substantial majority of our revenues are derived from the wealth management fees charged by our partner firms for providing clients with investment advice, financial and tax planning, consulting, tax return preparation, family office services and other services. A material portion of these wealth management fees are calculated based on a contractual percentage of the client’s assets. Wealth management fees may be adversely affected by prolonged declines in the capital markets because assets of clients may decline and clients may reduce or eliminate the amount of their assets with respect to which our partner firms provide advice, which in turn could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our partner firms may not be able to maintain their current wealth management fee structure.

Our partner firms may not be able to maintain their current wealth management fee structure for any number of reasons, including as a result of poor investment performance, competitive pressures or changes in their mix of wealth management services. In order to maintain their fee structure in a competitive environment, our partner firms must be able to continue to provide clients with services that their clients believe justify their fees. Any decline in fee rates could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

The wealth management industry is very competitive.

We compete for acquisition opportunities and our partner firms compete for clients, advisers and other personnel with a broad range of wealth management firms, including public and privately held investment advisers, firms associated with securities broker-dealers, financial institutions, private equity firms and insurance companies, many of whom have greater resources than we do. The wealth management industry is very competitive, with competition based on a variety of factors, including the ability to attract and retain key wealth management professionals, investment performance, wealth management fee rates, the quality of services provided to clients, the depth and continuity of client relationships and adherence to the fiduciary standard and reputation. A number of factors, including the following, serve to increase the competitive risks of our partner firms: (i) many competitors have greater financial, technical, marketing, name recognition and other resources and more personnel than our partner firms do, (ii) potential competitors have a relatively low cost of entering the wealth management industry, (iii) some competitors may invest according to different investment styles or in alternative asset classes that the markets may perceive as more attractive than the investment strategies our partner firms offer, (iv) some competitors charge lower fees for their wealth management services than our partner firms do and (v) some competitors may be able to engage in more widespread marketing activities or may have access to products and services to which our partner firms do not. If we are unable to compete effectively, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

Risks Related to Our Operations

Our clients can terminate their client service contracts at any time.

Our clients can generally terminate their client service contracts with us at any time. We cannot be certain that we will be able to retain our existing clients or attract new clients, and these client service contracts and client relationships may be terminated or not renewed for any number of reasons. In particular, poor wealth management

19

Table of Contents

service or performance of the investment strategies that our partner firms recommend relative to the performance of other wealth management firms could result in the loss of accounts.

Our results of operations could be adversely affected if we are unable to facilitate smooth succession planning.

We cannot predict with certainty how long the principals or employees of our partner firms will continue working, and upon the retirement or exit of a principal or employee, a partner firm’s business may be adversely affected. If we are not successful in facilitating succession planning of our partner firms, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

Our business and the businesses of our partner firms are heavily dependent on our reputations.

Our business depends on earning and maintaining the trust and confidence of our partner firms and the clients of our partner firms. Our reputation is critical to our business and is vulnerable to threats that may be difficult or impossible to control and costly or impossible to remediate. For example, failure to comply with applicable laws, rules or regulations, errors in our public reports or litigation or the publicity surrounding these events, even if satisfactorily addressed, could adversely impact our reputation, our relationships with our partner firms and the clients of our partner firms and our ability to negotiate acquisitions and partner firm-level acquisitions with wealth management firms, as well as adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Our reliance on our partner firms to report their results to us may make it difficult to respond quickly to negative business developments.

We rely on our partner firms to report their results to us on a monthly basis. We have implemented common general ledger, payroll and cash management systems that allow us to monitor the financial performance and overall operations of our partner firms. However, if our partner firms delay reporting results or informing us of negative business developments, we may not be able to address the situation on a timely basis, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our controls and procedures may fail or be circumvented, our risk management policies and procedures may be inadequate and operational risks could adversely affect our reputation and financial condition.

We and our partner firms have adopted various controls, procedures, policies and systems to monitor and manage risk in our business. Some of our risk evaluation methods depend upon information provided by our partner firms and others and public information regarding markets, clients or other matters. In some cases, however, that information may not be accurate, complete or up-to-date. While we currently believe that our operational controls are effective, we cannot provide assurance that those controls, procedures, policies and systems will always be adequate to identify and manage the internal and external risks in our business in a timely manner. Furthermore, we may have errors in our business processes or fail to implement proper procedures in operating our business, which may expose us to risk of financial loss. We are also subject to the risk that our employees or contractors, the employees or contractors of our partner firms or other third parties may deliberately seek to circumvent established controls to commit fraud or act in ways that are inconsistent with our and our partner firms’ controls, policies and procedures. The financial and reputational impact of control failures could be significant.

The potential for human error in connection with the operational systems of Focus Inc. or its partner firms could disrupt operations, cause losses or lead to regulatory fines.

The operations of Focus Inc. and its partner firms are dependent on its employees and principals. From time-to-time, employees or principals may make mistakes that are not always immediately detected by systems and controls and policies and procedures intended to prevent and detect such errors. These can include calculation errors, errors in inputting orders, errors in software implementation, failure to ensure data security, follow processes, patch systems or report issues, follow regulations or internal compliance procedures or errors in judgment. Human errors, even if promptly discovered and remediated, may disrupt operations or result in regulatory fines or sanctions, breach of client

20

Table of Contents

contracts, reputational harm or legal liability, which, in turn, may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Failure to maintain and properly safeguard an adequate technology infrastructure and to protect against cyber-attacks may limit our growth, result in losses or disrupt our business.

Our business is reliant upon financial, accounting and technology systems and networks to process, transmit and store information, including sensitive client and proprietary information, and to conduct many business activities and transactions with clients, advisers, vendors and other third parties. The failure to implement, maintain and safeguard an infrastructure commensurate with the size and scope of our business could impede our productivity and growth, which could adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition. Further, we rely heavily on third parties for certain aspects of our business, including financial intermediaries and technology infrastructure and service providers, and these parties are also susceptible to similar risks.

Although we and our partner firms take protective measures and endeavor to modify them as circumstances warrant, our computer systems, software, networks and mobile devices, and those of third parties on whom we rely, have been subject to and may in the future be vulnerable to cyber-attacks, breaches, unauthorized access, theft, including wire and check fraud, misuse, computer viruses or other malicious code and other events that could have a security impact. Further, our back-up procedures, cyber defenses and capabilities in the event of a failure, interruption or breach of security may not be adequate. If any such events occur, it could jeopardize our, as well as our clients’, employees’ or counterparties’ confidential, proprietary and other sensitive information processed and stored in, and transmitted through, our or third-party computer systems, networks and mobile devices or otherwise cause interruptions or malfunctions in our, as well as our clients’, employees’ or counterparties’ operations. Despite our efforts to ensure the integrity of our systems and networks, it is possible that we may not be able to anticipate or to implement effective preventive measures against all threats, especially because the techniques used change frequently and can originate from a wide variety of sources. As a result, we could experience business disruptions, significant losses, increased costs, reputational harm, regulatory actions or legal liability, any of which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. We may in the future be required to spend significant additional resources to modify existing protective measures or to investigate and remediate vulnerabilities or other exposures, including hiring third-party technology service providers and additional information technology staff. Additionally, we may be subject to litigation and financial losses that are either not insured against fully or not fully covered through any insurance that we maintain.

Focus and its partner firms are dependent on a number of key vendors.

Focus and its partner firms depend on a number of key vendors for various accounting, custody, brokerage and trading, software and technology systems and other operational needs (“Key Vendors”). Moreover, while Focus and its partner firms perform diligence on its Key Vendors in an effort to ensure they operate in accordance with expectations, to the extent any significant deficiencies are uncovered, there may be few, or no, alternative vendors available. In addition, Focus or its partner firms may from time to time transfer key contracts from one vendor to another. Key contract transfers may be costly and complex, and expose Focus or its partner firms to heightened operational risks. Any failure to mitigate such risks could result in reputational harm, as well as financial losses to Focus or its partner firms.

The duration of the novel coronavirus (“Covid-19”) outbreak and its ultimate impact on our business remains uncertain.

The transmission of Covid-19 and efforts to contain its spread have resulted in border closings and other travel restrictions and disruptions, disruptions to business operations, supply chains and customer activity, event cancellations and restrictions, service cancellations and reductions, significant challenges in the healthcare industry and quarantines. These impacts and the uncertainty around the future impact of Covid-19, including the extent and duration of the impact on economies around the world, have caused significant volatility in the U.S and global financial markets, which are expected to impact our partner firms’ investment strategies and the wealth management fee revenues of our partner firms.

21

Table of Contents

Our market correlated revenues for subsequent periods could be impacted by any negative effects of Covid-19 on the financial markets. Additionally, the cancellation of events and the general slowdown of other entertainment activities have impacted and are expected to continue to impact a portion of our non-market correlated revenues that are derived from family office type services for clients in the entertainment industry and relate to live events. We anticipate that the ongoing cancellations of live events and slowdown of other entertainment activities will persist in 2021. Furthermore, the effects of Covid-19 may impact the timing and our ability to pursue and make future acquisitions.

Although currently there has been no significant impact, the Covid-19 outbreak, and future pandemics, could negatively affect Key Vendors which we and our partner firms rely on, and could otherwise disrupt the ability of our Key Vendors to perform essential tasks.

Risks Related to Our Partnership Model and Growth Strategy

Our success depends, in part, on our ability to make successful acquisitions.

Our continued success will depend, in part, upon our ability to find suitable firms to acquire, either directly or on behalf of our existing partner firms, our ability to acquire such firms on acceptable terms and our ability to raise the capital necessary to finance such transactions. We compete with banks, outsourced service providers, private equity firms and other wealth management and advisory firms to acquire high-quality wealth management firms. Some of our competitors may be able to outbid us for these acquisition targets. If we identify suitable acquisition targets, we may not be able to complete any such acquisition on terms that are commercially acceptable to us. If we are not successful in acquiring suitable acquisition candidates, it may have an adverse effect on our business and on our earnings and revenue growth.

Acquired businesses may not perform as expected and our due diligence process might not uncover all risk or liabilities.

Acquisitions involve a number of risks, including the following, any of which could have an adverse effect on our partner firms’ and our earnings and revenue growth: (i) incurring costs in excess of, or achieving synergies less than, what we anticipated; (ii) potential loss of key wealth management professionals or other team members of the predecessor firm; (iii) inability to generate sufficient revenue to offset transaction costs; (iv) inability to retain clients following an acquisition; (v) incurring expenses associated with the amortization or impairment of intangible assets, particularly for goodwill and other intangible assets; and (vi) payment of more than fair market value for the assets of the partner firm.

While we intend that our completed acquisitions will improve profitability, past or future acquisitions may not be accretive to earnings or otherwise meet operational or strategic expectations. The failure of any partner firm to perform as expected after acquisition may have an adverse effect on our earnings and revenue growth.

In connection with our acquisitions, we conduct due diligence that we deem reasonable and appropriate based on the facts and circumstances applicable to such transactions. Despite our efforts, due diligence might not reveal all issues and existing and potential liabilities at a given firm.

Contingent consideration payments could result in a higher than expected impact on our future earnings.

Our acquisition structures typically include contingent consideration paid to the sellers upon the achievement of specified financial thresholds. The contingent consideration for acquisitions of new partner firms is typically paid upon the satisfaction of specified growth thresholds typically over a six-year period, and for acquisitions made by our partner firms, upon the satisfaction of thresholds tied to revenue as adjusted for certain criteria or other operating metrics based on the retention or growth of the business acquired. These arrangements may result in the payment of additional

22

Table of Contents

purchase price consideration to the sellers for periods following the closing of an acquisition and payments may occur in periods subsequent to the periods in which the additional earnings or other specified financial thresholds are achieved.

We may incur debt, issue additional equity or use cash on hand to pay for future acquisitions, each of which could adversely affect our financial condition or the market price of our Class A common stock. Additionally, difficulty in obtaining debt, issuing equity or generating cash flow could affect our growth and financial condition and the market price of our Class A common stock.

We will finance future acquisitions through debt financing, including significant draws on our first lien revolving credit facility (the “First Lien Revolver”), issuance of additional term debt, the issuance of equity securities, the use of existing cash or cash equivalents or any combination of the foregoing. Acquisitions financed with debt could require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to principal and interest payments. Acquisitions financed with the issuance of our equity securities would be dilutive to the share value and voting power of our existing Class A common stock, which could affect the market price of our Class A common stock. Future acquisitions financed with our own cash could deplete the cash and working capital available to fund our operations adequately. Difficulty borrowing funds, selling securities or generating sufficient cash from operations to finance our activities may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

The growth of Connectus may create unique challenges and risks.

In 2020, our partner firm Connectus completed acquisitions of wealth management firms and intends to acquire additional wealth management firms in the future. Connectus is different from our other partner firms in that we have a greater degree of management control over areas other than client service and investment operations. Additionally, Connectus is designed to offer integrated technology, investment support, regulatory compliance support and other centralized services on a countrywide basis. If these centralized services are not adequate, or other unanticipated issues with Connectus arise as it grows, such as inability to find a sufficient number of firms to merge into Connectus or integrate them effectively, then our reputation and our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely impacted.

The success of Focus Independence depends upon our ability to lift out teams of wealth management professionals from traditional brokerages and wirehouses.

Our ability to lift out teams of wealth management professionals from traditional brokerages and wirehouses depends on our ability to offer more favorable opportunities than those provided by their current employers, many of which have substantially greater financial resources and may be able to entice their employees to stay. If we are not successful in attracting and lifting out suitable wealth management professionals for our Focus Independence program, it may have an adverse effect on the growth of our revenues and earnings.

We may face operational risks associated with expanding internationally.

Our business strategy includes expanding our presence in non-U.S. markets through acquisitions. This strategy presents a number of risks, including: (i) greater difficulties in supporting, or the need to hire additional personnel to support, the operations of foreign partner firms, (ii) language and cultural differences, (iii) unfavorable fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, (iv) higher operating costs, (v) unexpected changes in wealth management policies and other regulatory requirements, (vi) adverse tax consequences and (vii) more complex acquisition structures. If our international business increases relative to our total business, these factors could have a more pronounced effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

23

Table of Contents

Risks Related to Our Business Model and Key Professionals

Our partner firms’ autonomy limits our ability to alter their management practices and policies, and our dependence on the principals who manage the businesses of our partner firms may have an adverse effect on our business.

Under the management agreements between our partner firms and the management companies formed by the principals, the management companies provide the personnel who manage the partner firm’s day-to-day operations and oversee the provision of wealth management and other financial services, the implementation of employment policies, the negotiation, execution and delivery of contracts in connection with the management and operation of the partner firm’s business in the ordinary course and the implementation of policies and procedures to ensure compliance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. Such individuals also maintain the primary relationships with clients and vendors. As a consequence, we are exposed to losses resulting from day-to-day decisions of the principals who manage our partner firm, and our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by problems stemming from the day-to-day operations of a partner firm, where weaknesses or failures in internal processes or systems could lead to a disruption of the partner firm’s operations, liability to its clients or exposure to disciplinary action. Unsatisfactory performance by the principals could also hinder the partner firms’ ability to grow and could have an adverse effect on our business. Further, there is a risk of reputational harm to us if any of our partner firms, among other things, have engaged in, or in the future were to engage in, poor or non-compliant business practices or were to experience adverse results.

We rely on our key personnel and principals.

We depend on the efforts of our executive officers, other management team members, employees and principals. Our executive officers, in particular, play an important role in the stability and growth of our business, including the growth and stability of existing partner firms and in identifying potential acquisition opportunities for us. However, there is no guarantee that these officers will remain with us. In addition, our partner firms depend heavily on the services of key principals, who in many cases have managed their predecessor firms for many years. Although we use a combination of economic incentives, transfer restrictions and non-solicitation and non-competition agreements in an effort to retain key management personnel, there is no guarantee that these principals will remain with the respective partner firms. The loss of key management personnel at our partner firms could have an adverse impact on our business.

If a management company terminates its management agreement with us, our financial condition and results could be negatively affected.

At the time of the acquisition of a partner firm, we enter into a management agreement with the management company that is substantially owned by the selling principals. Pursuant to the management agreement, the management company provides the personnel who conduct the day to day management and operation of the partner firm. These management agreements can be terminated by the management company at the end of the initial term, which is typically six years. Termination of a management agreement could lead to a disruption of the partner firm’s operations, which could negatively affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Our partner firms may be unable to attract, develop and retain talented wealth management professionals.

Attracting, developing and retaining talented wealth management and other financial services professionals are essential components of the business strategy of our partner firms. To do so, it is critical that they continue to foster an environment and provide compensation that is attractive for their existing and prospective wealth management professionals. If they are unsuccessful in maintaining such an environment (for instance, because of changes in management structure, corporate culture or corporate governance arrangements) or compensation levels for any reason, their existing wealth management professionals may leave the firm or fail to produce their best work on a consistent, long-term basis and/or our partner firms may be unsuccessful in attracting talented new wealth management professionals, any of which could negatively impact their financial results and our ability to grow and may have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

24

Table of Contents

Risks Related to Our Structure

Focus Inc. is dependent upon distributions from Focus LLC. Additionally, to the extent Focus Inc. receives distributions in excess of its tax liabilities and other obligations and retains such excess cash, the unitholders of Focus LLC would benefit from such accumulated cash balances if they exercise their exchange right.

Focus Inc. is a holding company and its most significant asset is its equity interest in Focus LLC. Focus Inc. has no independent means of generating revenue. To the extent Focus LLC has available cash and subject to the terms of Focus LLC’s credit agreements and any other debt instruments, we have caused and intend to continue to cause Focus LLC to make (i) generally pro rata distributions to its unitholders, including Focus Inc., in an amount generally intended to allow such unitholders to satisfy their respective income tax liabilities with respect to their allocable share of the income of Focus LLC, based on certain assumptions and conventions (and actual liability in the case of Focus Inc.), and to allow Focus Inc. to make payments under its three and any subsequent tax receivable agreements (“Tax Receivable Agreements”), and (ii) non pro rata distributions to Focus Inc. in an amount at least sufficient to reimburse Focus Inc. for its corporate and other overhead expenses. We are limited, however, in our ability to cause Focus LLC and its subsidiaries to make these and other distributions to Focus Inc. due to the restrictions under our credit facilities entered into in July 2017, as amended (collectively, the “Credit Facility”). Funds used by Focus LLC to satisfy its distribution obligations will not be available for reinvestment in our business. To the extent that Focus Inc. needs funds and Focus LLC or its subsidiaries are restricted from making such distributions under applicable law or regulation or under the terms of their financing arrangements or are otherwise unable to provide such funds, Focus Inc.’s liquidity and financial condition could be adversely affected.

As a result of potential differences in the amount of net taxable income allocable to Focus Inc. and to the other Focus LLC unitholders, as well as the use of an assumed tax rate in calculating Focus LLC’s tax distribution obligations, Focus Inc. may receive distributions significantly in excess of its tax liabilities and obligations to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreements. If Focus Inc. retains such cash balances, the unitholders of Focus LLC would benefit from any value attributable to such accumulated cash balances as a result of their exercise of an exchange right.

Focus Inc. is required to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreements for certain tax benefits it may claim, and the amounts of such payments is expected to be substantial.

The Tax Receivable Agreements generally provide for the payment by Focus Inc. to each TRA holder of 85% of the net cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income and franchise tax that Focus Inc. actually realizes (computed using simplifying assumptions to address the impact of state and local taxes) or is deemed to realize in certain circumstances in periods after the IPO as a result of certain increases in tax basis and certain tax benefits attributable to imputed interest. We will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of these cash savings.

The payment obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreements are Focus Inc.’s obligations and not obligations of Focus LLC, and we expect that such payments required to be made under the Tax Receivable Agreements will be substantial. Estimating the amount and timing of payments that may become due under the Tax Receivable Agreements is by its nature imprecise. Please read “Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Tax Receivable Agreements.”

In certain cases, payments under the Tax Receivable Agreements may be accelerated and/or significantly exceed the actual benefits, if any, realized in respect of the tax attributes subject to the Tax Receivable Agreements.

If we experience a change of control (as defined under the Tax Receivable Agreements, which includes certain mergers, asset sales and other forms of business combinations) or the Tax Receivable Agreements terminate early (at our election or as a result of our breach), Focus Inc. could be required to make a substantial, immediate lump-sum payment. This payment would equal the present value of hypothetical future payments that could be required to be paid under the Tax Receivable Agreements (determined by applying a discount rate of one-year London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1.5%). The calculation of hypothetical future payments will be based upon certain assumptions and deemed events set forth in the Tax Receivable Agreements, and may materially exceed, the actual realization, if any, of the future tax benefits to which the termination payments relate.

25

Table of Contents

Any such accelerated payments could have a substantial negative impact on our liquidity and could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing certain mergers, asset sales or other forms of business combinations or changes of control. There can be no assurance that we will be able to finance any payments required to be made under the Tax Receivable Agreements. Please read “Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Tax Receivable Agreements.”

As a result of this payment obligation, holders of our Class A common stock could receive substantially less consideration in connection with a change of control transaction than they would receive in the absence of such obligation. Further, any payment obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreements will not be conditioned upon the TRA holders’ having a continued interest in Focus Inc. or Focus LLC. Accordingly, the TRA holders’ interests may conflict with those of the holders of our Class A common stock.

We will not be reimbursed for any payments made under the Tax Receivable Agreements in the event that any tax benefits are subsequently disallowed.

Payments under the Tax Receivable Agreements will be based on the tax reporting positions that we will determine. The TRA holders will not reimburse us for any payments previously made under the Tax Receivable Agreements if any tax benefits that have given rise to payments under the Tax Receivable Agreements are subsequently disallowed, except that excess payments made to any TRA holder will be netted against payments that would otherwise be made to such TRA holder, if any, after our determination of such excess. As a result, in such circumstances, we could make payments that are greater than our actual cash tax savings, if any, and may not be able to recoup those payments, which could adversely affect our liquidity.

If Focus LLC were to become a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, significant tax inefficiencies might result.

A number of aspects of our structure depend on the classification of Focus LLC as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. While Focus LLC has taken steps to avail itself of safe harbors to protect itself from being treated as a “publicly traded partnership” under U.S. Treasury regulations, such a treatment would likely result in significant tax inefficiencies, including as a result of Focus Inc.’s inability to file a consolidated U.S. federal income tax return with Focus LLC. In addition, Focus Inc. would no longer have the benefit of the increases in tax basis covered under the Tax Receivable Agreements, and Focus Inc. would not be able to recover any payments previously made under the Tax Receivable Agreements, even if the corresponding tax benefits (including any claimed increase in the tax basis of Focus LLC’s assets) were subsequently determined to have been unavailable.

Risks Related to Financing and Liquidity

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness and may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our obligations under applicable debt instruments, which may not be successful.

At December 31, 2020, we had outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility of approximately $1.5 billion at stated value and in January 2021, we increased the term loan borrowings under our Credit Facility by $500.0 million. Our ability to make scheduled payments on or to refinance our indebtedness including the Credit Facility, depends on our financial condition and operating performance, which are subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and certain financial, business and other factors beyond our control. We may not be able to maintain a level of cash flow from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal and interest on our indebtedness.

If our cash flows and capital resources are insufficient to fund debt service obligations, we may be forced to reduce or delay acquisitions or partner firm-level acquisitions and capital expenditures, sell assets, seek additional capital or restructure or refinance indebtedness. Our ability to restructure or refinance indebtedness will depend on the condition of the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. Any refinancing of indebtedness could be at higher interest rates and may require us to comply with more onerous covenants, which could further restrict business operations. The terms of existing or future debt instruments may restrict us from adopting some of these alternatives. In addition, any failure to make payments of interest and principal on outstanding indebtedness on a timely basis could

26

Table of Contents

harm our ability to incur additional indebtedness. In the absence of sufficient cash flows and capital resources, we could face substantial liquidity problems and might be required to dispose of material assets or operations to meet debt service and other obligations. The Credit Facility currently restricts our ability to dispose of assets and our use of the proceeds from such disposition. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions, and the proceeds of any such disposition may not be adequate to meet any debt service obligations then due. These alternative measures may not be successful and may not permit us to meet scheduled debt service obligations.

Our outstanding variable rate indebtedness uses LIBOR as a benchmark for establishing the interest rate. While we expect any such alternative to be a reasonable replacement for LIBOR, at this time we cannot predict the implications of the use of such a new benchmark on the interest rates we pay.

Restrictions in our existing and future debt agreements could limit our growth and our ability to engage in certain activities.

The Credit Facility contains a number of customary covenants, including (i) incurring additional indebtedness or guarantees, (ii) creating liens or other encumbrances on property or granting negative pledges, (iii) entering into a merger or similar transaction, (iv) selling or transferring certain property and (v) declaring dividends or making other restricted payments.

In addition, the Credit Facility requires us to maintain certain financial ratios. These restrictions may also limit our ability to obtain future financings, to withstand a future downturn in our business or the economy in general, or to otherwise conduct necessary corporate activities. We may also be prevented from taking advantage of acquisitions or other business opportunities that arise because of the limitations that the restrictive covenants under the Credit Facility impose on us.

A breach of any covenant in the Credit Facility would result in a default under the applicable agreement after any applicable grace periods. A default, if not waived, could result in acceleration of the indebtedness outstanding under the Credit Facility. The accelerated indebtedness would become immediately due and payable. If that occurs, we may not be able to make all of the required payments or borrow on short notice sufficient funds to refinance such indebtedness.

Risks Related to Regulation and Litigation

Our business is highly regulated.

Our partner firms are subject to extensive regulation by various regulatory and self-regulatory authorities in the United States, Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. See “Part I. Item 1, Business—Regulatory Environment.”

Providing investment advice to clients is regulated on both the federal and state level in the United States. Our partner firms are predominantly investment advisers registered with the SEC under the Advisers Act. Each firm that is a federally registered investment adviser is regulated and subject to examination by the SEC. The Advisers Act imposes numerous obligations on RIAs, including fiduciary duties, disclosure obligations, recordkeeping and reporting requirements, marketing restrictions and general anti-fraud prohibitions. Some of our partner firms manage registered and unregistered funds that subject them to additional disclosure and compliance requirements. The failure to comply with the Advisers Act and other securities laws and regulations could cause the SEC to institute proceedings and impose sanctions for violations, including censure or terminating their SEC registrations and could also result in litigation or reputational harm. In addition, our partner firms who are investment advisers are subject to notice filings and the anti-fraud rules of state securities regulators and certain individuals are subject to state registration in many instances under applicable state securities laws.

Our U.S. partner firms are also subject to regulation by the DOL under ERISA and related regulations with respect to investment advisory and management services provided to retirement plans and plan participants covered by ERISA and by the IRS with respect to IRAs pursuant to comparable provisions within the IRC. Among other

27

Table of Contents

requirements, ERISA and the IRC impose duties on persons who are fiduciaries under ERISA and the IRC, respectively, and prohibits certain transactions involving related parties.

Certain of our partner firms have affiliated SEC-registered broker-dealers. Broker-dealers and their personnel are regulated, to a large extent, by the SEC and self-regulatory organizations, principally FINRA and are subject to regulations which cover all aspects of the securities business Further, certain of our partner firms have licensed insurance affiliates. State insurance laws grant supervisory agencies, including state insurance departments, broad administrative authority.

Additionally, we and our partner firms are subject to various data privacy and cybersecurity laws designed to protect client and employee personally identifiable information. These laws and regulations are increasing in complexity and number which has resulted in greater compliance risk and cost for us. The unauthorized access, use, theft or destruction of client or employee personal, financial or other data could expose us to potential financial penalties and legal liability. Further, we and our partner firms are subject to anti-corruption laws and certain of our firms are subject to anti-money laundering laws in the jurisdictions in which we operate, as well as regulation and enforcement by agencies charged with administering those laws.

Our international operations are subject to additional non-U.S. regulatory requirements.

We have partner firms located in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. We may have partner firms located in other non-U.S. jurisdictions in the future. Failure to comply with the applicable laws, rules, regulations, codes, directives, notices or guidelines in any jurisdiction outside of the United States could result in a wide range of penalties and disciplinary actions, including fines, censures and the suspension or expulsion from a particular jurisdiction or market or the revocation of licenses, any of which could adversely affect our reputation and operations and our partner firms in those jurisdictions. Regulators in jurisdictions outside of the United States could also change their policies or laws in a manner that might restrict or otherwise impede the ability of such partner firms to offer wealth management services in their respective markets, or they may be unable to keep up with, or adapt to, changing, complex regulatory requirements in such jurisdictions or markets, which could further negatively impact our business.

In the future, we may further expand our business outside of the markets in which we currently operate in such a way or to such an extent that we may be required to register with additional foreign regulatory agencies or otherwise comply with additional non-U.S. laws and regulations that do not currently apply to us. Lack of compliance with any such non-U.S. laws and regulations may increase our risk of becoming party to litigation and subject to regulatory actions. We are also subject to the enhanced risk that our differentiated partnership model might not be enforceable in some non-U.S. jurisdictions.

The regulatory environment in which our partner firms operate is subject to continuous change, and regulatory developments designed to increase oversight may adversely affect our business.

The legislative and regulatory environment in which our partner firms operate has undergone significant changes in the recent past. Regulatory review or the issuance of interpretations of existing laws and regulations may result in the enactment of new laws and regulations that could adversely affect our operations or our ability to conduct business profitably. We are unable to predict whether any such laws or regulations will be enacted and to what extent such laws and regulations would affect our business. See “Part I. Item 1, Business – Regulatory Environment.”

Our business is subject to risks related to legal proceedings and governmental inquiries.

Our business is subject to litigation, regulatory investigations and claims arising in the normal course of operations. The risks associated with these matters often may be difficult to assess or quantify and the existence and magnitude of potential claims often remain unknown for substantial periods of time.

Our partner firms depend to a large extent on their network of relationships and on their reputation to attract and retain clients. The principals and other wealth management professionals at our partner firms make investment decisions on behalf of clients that could result in substantial losses. If clients suffer significant losses, or are otherwise dissatisfied

28

Table of Contents

with wealth management services, we could be subject to the risk of legal liabilities or actions alleging negligent misconduct, breach of contract, unjust enrichment and/or fraud. Moreover, our partner firms are predominantly U.S. RIAs and have a legal obligation to operate under the fiduciary standard, a heightened standard as compared to the standard of conduct applicable to broker-dealers. These risks are often difficult to assess or quantify and their existence and magnitude often remain unknown for substantial periods of time, even after an action has been commenced.

Our involvement in any investigations and lawsuits would cause us to incur additional legal and other costs and, if we were found to have violated any laws, we could be required to pay fines, damages and other costs, perhaps in material amounts. Regardless of final costs, these matters could have an adverse effect on our business by exposing us to negative publicity, reputational damage, harm to our partner firms’ client relationships or diversion of personnel and management resources.

Principal or employee misconduct or disclosure of confidential information could expose us to significant legal liability and reputational harm.

We are vulnerable to reputational harm because our partner firms operate in an industry in which personal relationships, integrity and the confidence of clients are of critical importance. The principals and employees at our partner firms could engage in misconduct that adversely affects our business. For example, if a principal or employee were to engage in illegal or suspicious activities, a partner firm could be subject to regulatory sanctions and we could suffer serious harm to our reputation (as a consequence of the negative perception resulting from such activities), our financial position, our partner firms’ client relationships and their ability to attract new clients.

The wealth management business often requires that we deal with confidential information. If principals or employees at our partner firms were to improperly use or disclose this information, even if inadvertently, we or our partner firms could be subject to legal action and suffer serious harm to our reputation, financial position and current and future business relationships or those of our partner firms. It is not always possible to deter misconduct, and the precautions we take to detect and prevent this activity may not always be effective. Misconduct by principals or employees at our partner firms, or even unsubstantiated allegations of misconduct, could result in an adverse effect on our reputation and our business.

Failure to properly disclose conflicts of interest and comply with fiduciary duty requirements could harm our reputation, business and results of operations.

Some of our partner firms have affiliated SEC-registered broker-dealers and licensed insurance affiliates, which create conflicts of interests. Certain of our partner firms also have compensation arrangements pursuant to which they receive payments based on client assets invested in certain third-party mutual funds. Such arrangements allow a partner firm to receive payments from multiple parties based on the same client asset and can incentivize a partner firm to act in a manner contrary to the best interests of its clients. As investment advisers subject to a legal obligation to operate under the fiduciary standard, these partner firms must fully disclose any conflicts between their interests and those of their clients. The SEC and other regulators have increased their scrutiny of potential conflicts of interest, and our partner firms have implemented policies and procedures to mitigate conflicts of interest. However, if our partner firms fail to fully disclose conflicts of interest or if their policies and procedures are not effective, they could face reputational damage, litigation or regulatory proceedings or penalties, any of which may adversely affect our reputation, business and results of operations.

Acquisitions of newly established RIA firms formed by teams of wealth management professionals formerly employed at traditional brokerages and wirehouses expose us to litigation risk.

As part of the Focus Independence program, we have to date, with limited exceptions, acquired substantially all of the assets of new RIA firms formed by teams of wealth management professionals formerly employed at traditional brokerages and wirehouses. These acquisitions may expose us to the risk of legal actions alleging misappropriation of confidential information, including client information, unfair competition, and breach of contract. These risks are often difficult to assess or quantify and their existence and magnitude often remain unknown for substantial periods of time, even after an action has been commenced. We may incur significant legal expenses in defending against litigation

29

Table of Contents

commenced by a brokerage or wirehouse. Substantial legal liability could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition or cause significant reputational harm to us.

In the event of a change of control of our company, we may be required to obtain the consent of our partner firms’ advisory clients to the change of control.

As required by the Advisers Act, the investment advisory agreements entered into by our investment adviser subsidiaries provide that an “assignment” of the agreement may not be made without the client’s consent. Under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Investment Company Act”), advisory agreements with registered funds provide that they terminate automatically upon “assignment” and the board of directors and the shareholders of the registered fund must approve a new agreement for advisory services to continue. Under both the Advisers Act and the Investment Company Act, a change of ownership may constitute such an “assignment” if it is a change of control. For example, under certain circumstances, an assignment may be deemed to occur if a controlling block of voting securities is transferred, if any party acquires control, or, in certain circumstances, if a controlling party gives up control. Under the Investment Company Act, a 25% voting interest is presumed to constitute control. An assignment or a change of control could be deemed to occur in the future if we, or one of our investment adviser subsidiaries, were to gain or lose a controlling person, or in other situations that may depend significantly on facts and circumstances. In any such case we would seek to obtain the consent of our advisory clients, including any funds, to the assignment. To the extent of any failure to obtain these consents, our results of operations, financial condition or business could be adversely affected.

Risks Related to Our Class A Common Stock, Ownership and Governance

An active, liquid and orderly trading market for our Class A common stock may not be maintained, and our stock price may be volatile.

Prior to July 2018, our Class A common stock was not traded on any market. An active, liquid and orderly trading market for our Class A common stock may not be maintained. Active, liquid and orderly trading markets usually result in less price volatility and more efficiency in carrying out investors’ purchase and sale orders. The market price of our Class A common stock could vary significantly as a result of a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control. In the event of a drop in the market price of our Class A common stock, you could lose a substantial part or all of your investment in our Class A common stock.

If our operating and financial performance in any given period does not meet the guidance that we have provided to the public or the expectations of our investors and analysts, our stock price may decline.

We provide public guidance on our expected operating and financial results for future periods. Although we believe that this guidance provides investors and analysts with a better understanding of management’s expectations for the future and is useful to our stockholders and potential stockholders, such guidance is comprised of forward-looking statements subject to the risks and uncertainties described in this report and in our other public filings and public statements. Our actual results may not always be in line with or exceed the guidance we have provided or the expectations of our investors and analysts, especially in times of economic uncertainty. In the past, when results have differed from such guidance or expectations, the market price of our common stock has declined. If, in the future, our operating or financial results for a particular period do not meet our guidance or the expectations of our investors and analysts or if we reduce our guidance for future periods, the market price of our common stock may decline.

Investment vehicles affiliated with our private equity investors own a substantial percentage of the voting power of our common stock.

Holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock vote together as a single class on all matters presented to our shareholders for their vote or approval, except as otherwise required by applicable law or our certificate of incorporation. As of February 15, 2021, investment vehicles affiliated with Stone Point Capital LLC (together with its affiliates, “Stone Point”) and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. (together with its affiliates, “KKR” or, together with Stone Point, the “PE Holders”) collectively owned approximately 32.5% of our Class A common stock (representing

30

Table of Contents

20.5% of the economic interest and 23.2% of the voting power) and 69.1% of our Class B common stock (representing 0% of the economic interest and 19.9% of the voting power).

Although the PE Holders are entitled to act separately in their own respective interests with respect to their stock in us, they together hold almost enough voting power to elect all of the members of our board of directors and thereby to control our management and affairs. Additionally, the PE Holders have the right to nominate an aggregate of three members of our board of directors for so long as they maintain certain ownership stakes. The PE Holders are likely able to determine the outcome of all matters requiring shareholder approval, including mergers and other material transactions, and are able to cause or prevent a change in the composition of our board of directors or a change in control of our company that could deprive our shareholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their shares of Class A common stock as part of a sale of our company. The existence of significant shareholders may also have the effect of deterring hostile takeovers, delaying or preventing changes in control or changes in management, or limiting the ability of our other shareholders to approve transactions that they may deem to be in the best interests of our company.

Moreover, this concentration of stock ownership may also adversely affect the trading price of our Class A common stock to the extent investors perceive a disadvantage in owning stock of our company.

The interests of the PE Holders may differ from those of our public shareholders.

So long as the PE Holders continue to control a significant amount of our common stock, they will continue to be able to strongly influence all matters requiring shareholder approval, regardless of whether or not other shareholders believe that a potential transaction is in their own best interests. In any of these matters, the interests of the PE Holders (including their interests, if any, as TRA holders) may differ or conflict with the interests of our other shareholders. For example, the PE Holders may have different tax positions from us which could influence their decisions regarding whether and when to dispose of assets, whether and when to incur new or refinance existing indebtedness, especially in light of the existence of the Tax Receivable Agreements, and whether and when Focus Inc. should terminate the Tax Receivable Agreements and accelerate its obligations thereunder; provided that any decision to terminate the Tax Receivable Agreements and accelerate the obligations thereunder would also require the approval of a majority of the disinterested directors of Focus Inc. In addition, the structuring of future transactions may take into consideration the PE Holders’ tax or other considerations even where no similar benefit would accrue to us. See “Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Tax Receivable Agreements.”

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as Delaware law, contain provisions that could discourage acquisition bids or merger proposals, which may adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock.

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors to issue one or more classes or series of preferred stock, the terms of which may be established and the shares of which may be issued without shareholder approval, and which may include super voting, special approval, dividend, repurchase rights, liquidation preferences or other rights or preferences superior to the rights of the holders of Class A common stock. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred stock could adversely impact the value or our Class A common stock. Furthermore, if our board of directors elects to issue preferred stock it could be more difficult for a third party to acquire us. For example, our board of directors may grant holders of preferred stock the right to elect some number of our directors in all events or upon the occurrence of specified events or the right to veto specified transactions.

In addition, some provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us, even if the change of control would be beneficial to our shareholders, including: (i) prohibiting us from engaging in any business combination with any interested shareholder for a period of three years following the time that the shareholder became an interested shareholder, subject to certain exceptions, (ii) establishing advance notice provisions with regard to shareholder proposals relating to the nomination of candidates for election as directors or new business to be brought before meetings of our shareholders, (iii) providing that the authorized number of directors may be changed only by resolution of the board of directors, (iv) providing that all vacancies in our board of directors may, except as otherwise be required, be filled by the affirmative vote of a majority of directors then in office,

31

Table of Contents

even if less than a quorum, (v) providing that our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws may be amended by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least two-thirds of our then outstanding voting stock, (vi) providing for our board of directors to be divided into three classes of directors, (vii) providing that our amended and restated bylaws can be amended by the board of directors, (viii) limitations on the ability of shareholders to call special meetings, (ix) limitations on the ability of shareholders to act by written consent, (x) requiring the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the voting stock held by affiliates of Stone Point and KKR, for so long as they collectively own at least 25% of our outstanding voting stock, to amend, alter, repeal or rescind certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and (xi) renouncing any reasonable expectancy interest that we have in, or right to be offered an opportunity to participate in, any corporate or business opportunities that are from time to time presented to Stone Point, KKR, directors affiliated with these parties and their respective affiliates.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation designates the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by our shareholders, which could limit our shareholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or agents.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, be the sole and exclusive forum for (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any of our directors, officers, employees, agents or trustees to us or our shareholders, (iii) any action asserting a claim against us or any director or officer or other employee of ours arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”), our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or our bylaws or (iv) any action asserting a claim against us or any director or officer or other employee of ours that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine, in each such case subject to such Court of Chancery having personal jurisdiction over the indispensable parties named as defendants therein. Unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, to the fullest extent permitted by law, the federal district courts of the United States will be the exclusive forum for resolving any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the federal securities laws of the United States. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock will be deemed to have notice of, and consented to, the provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation described in the preceding sentence. This choice of forum provision may limit a shareholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or agents, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and such persons. Alternatively, if a court were to find these provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We do not have any current plans to pay dividends on our Class A common stock. Consequently, the only opportunity that holders of our Class A common stock will have to achieve a return on their investment in our Class A common stock is if the price of our Class A common stock appreciates.

We do not have any current plans to declare dividends on shares of our Class A common stock in the foreseeable future. Consequently, the only opportunity that holders of our Class A common stock will have to achieve a return on their investment in our Class A common stock will be if they sell their shares of Class A common stock at a price greater than they may pay for them. There is no guarantee that the price of our Class A common stock will ever exceed the price that a holder of our Class A common stock may pay for them.

Future sales or other issuances of our Class A common stock in the public market could reduce our stock price, and any additional capital raised by us through the sale of equity or convertible securities may dilute your ownership in us.

Unitholders of Focus LLC (other than Focus Inc. and any of its subsidiaries) may receive shares of our Class A common stock pursuant to the exercise of an exchange right or the call right and then sell those shares of Class A common stock. Additionally, we may issue additional shares of Class A common stock or convertible securities in subsequent offerings or as consideration for future acquisitions.

32

Table of Contents

We have approximately 6,800,000 shares of our Class A common stock registered under our registration statements on Form S-8 for additional issuances under our equity incentive plan, that are available for resale in the public market without restriction, subject to the satisfaction of vesting, the requirements of Rule 144 and any other conditions.

We cannot predict the size of future issuances or sales of our Class A common stock or securities convertible into Class A common stock or the effect, if any, that future issuances and sales of shares of our Class A common stock will have on the market price of our Class A common stock. Sales of substantial amounts or other issuances of our Class A common stock (including shares issued in connection with an acquisition), or the perception that such could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices of our Class A common stock.

We have and may in the future finance acquisitions of partner firms by issuing equity securities that could be dilutive to shareholders.

We have and may in the future finance acquisitions through the issuance of equity securities, including Focus LLC common units and our Class A common stock. Acquisitions financed with the issuance of Focus LLC common units could significantly reduce our percentage ownership of Focus LLC. Furthermore, the new holders of Focus LLC common units may receive shares of our Class A common stock pursuant to the exercise of an exchange right or the call right, which could impact shareholders.

Acquisitions financed with the issuance of our Class A common stock could be dilutive to the share value and voting power of our existing Class A common stock, which could affect the market price of our Class A common stock.

General Risks

Our insurance coverage may be inadequate or expensive.

We maintain voluntary and required insurance coverage, including, among others, general liability, property, director and officer, errors and omissions, network security and privacy, fidelity bond and fiduciary liability insurance, and insurance required under ERISA. While we endeavor to purchase coverage that is appropriate to our assessment of our risk, we are unable to predict with certainty the frequency, nature or magnitude of claims for direct or consequential damages. Our business may be negatively affected if in the future our insurance proves to be inadequate or unavailable. In addition, insurance claims may harm our reputation or divert management resources away from operating our business.

If our system of internal controls has flaws, weaknesses or otherwise is not effective, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or prevent fraud, which could result in a loss of investor confidence.

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports, prevent fraud and operate successfully as a public company. For example, Section 404 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes Oxley Act”) requires us, among other things, to annually review and report on, and our independent registered public accounting firm to attest to, the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting. Any failure to develop or maintain effective internal controls, or difficulties encountered in implementing or improving our internal controls, could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition or cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations. Ineffective internal controls could also cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, which would likely have a negative effect on the trading price of our Class A common stock.

Our inability to successfully recover from a disaster or other business continuity problem could cause material financial loss, regulatory actions, reputational harm or legal liability.

Should we experience a local or regional disaster or other business continuity problem, such as a terrorist attack, pandemic, security breach, power loss, telecommunications failure, earthquake, hurricane or other natural or man made disaster, our continued success will depend, in part, on the availability of personnel and office facilities, and the proper functioning of computer, telecommunication and other related systems and operations. Further, we could potentially lose client data or experience adverse interruptions to our operations or delivery of services to clients in a

33

Table of Contents

disaster recovery scenario, which could result in material financial loss, regulatory action, reputational harm or legal liability.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

We and our partner firms conduct our operations using leased office facilities. While we believe we have suitable office space currently, we will continue to evaluate our office space requirements and will complement these facilities as necessary.

Our corporate headquarters is located at 875 Third Avenue, 28th Floor, New York, New York, where we occupy approximately 29,700 square feet of space under a lease, the term of which expires in 2035. In addition, each of our partner firms lease office space in the city or cities in which it conducts business.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We are, from time to time, involved in various legal claims and regulatory matters arising out of our operations in the normal course of business. After consultation with legal counsel, we do not believe that the resolutions of any such matters we are currently involved in, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial statements. However, we can provide no assurance that any pending or future matters will not have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows in future reporting periods.

From time to time, our partner firms receive requests for information from governmental authorities regarding business activities. We have cooperated and will continue to cooperate with all governmental agencies. We continue to believe that the resolution of any governmental inquiry will not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable

34

Table of Contents

PART II

Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information and Holders

Our Class A common stock began trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “FOCS” on July 26, 2018. Prior to that, ther