Woodward, Inc.
10-K on 11/19/2021   Download
SEC Document
SEC Filing
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____ to _____

 

 

 

Commission file number 000-08408

WOODWARD, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

36-1984010

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1081 Woodward Way, Fort Collins, Colorado

80524

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(970) 482-5811

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001455 per share

WWD

NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and such files).  Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer     Accelerated Filer     Non-accelerated Filer     Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes No

Aggregate market value of registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based upon the closing price of a share of the registrant’s common stock on March 31, 2021 as reported on The NASDAQ Global Select Market on that date:  $5,345,433,011.  For purposes of this calculation, shares of common stock held by (i) persons holding more than 5% of the outstanding shares of stock, (ii) officers and directors of the registrant, and (iii) the Woodward Governor Company Profit Sharing Trust, Woodward Governor Company Deferred Shares Trust, or the Woodward Charitable Trust, as of March 31, 2021, are excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates.  This determination is not necessarily conclusive of affiliate status.  

As of November 17, 2021, 63,069,870 shares of the registrant’s common stock with a par value of $0.001455 per share were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of our proxy statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held virtually on January 22, 2022, are incorporated by reference into Parts II and III of this Form 10-K, to the extent indicated.

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

 

PART I

 

 

Forward Looking Statements

1

Item 1.

Business

2

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

9

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

20

Item 2.

Properties

20

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

20

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20

 

PART II

 

Item 5.

Market Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

21

Item 6.

Reserved

22

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

40

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

41

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures

94

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

94

Item 9B.

Other Information

95

Item 9C.

Disclosures Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

95

 

PART III

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

96

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

96

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters

96

Item 13.

Certain Relationship and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

96

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

96

 

PART IV

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

97

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

99

 

Signatures

100

 

 

 

 


 

 

Forward Looking Statements

This Annual Report on Form 10-K, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that are deemed forward-looking statements.  These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about the industries in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of management.  Words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “seek,” “goal,” “expect,” “forecast,” “intend,” “continue,” “outlook,” “plan,” “project,” “target,” “strive,” “can,” “could,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, and other characteristics of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements may include, among others, statements relating to:

 

the impacts on our business relating to the global COVID-19 pandemic, including the impacts thereof to supply and demand, and measures taken by governments and private industry in response;

 

future sales, earnings, cash flow, uses of cash, and other measures of financial performance;

 

trends in our business and the markets in which we operate, including expectations in those markets in future periods;

 

our expected expenses in future periods and trends in such expenses over time;

 

descriptions of our plans and expectations for future operations;

 

our expectations with regard to the return to service of the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft, the related impact on our original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) and initial provisioning sales, and the aircraft’s return to service;

 

plans and expectations relating to the performance of our joint venture with General Electric Company;

 

investments in new campuses, business sites and related business developments;

 

the effect of economic trends or growth;

 

the expected levels of activity in particular industries or markets and the effects of changes in those levels;

 

the scope, nature, or impact of acquisition activity and integration of such acquisition into our business;

 

the research, development, production, and support of new products and services;

 

new business opportunities;

 

restructuring and alignment costs and savings;

 

our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions with respect to business opportunities that may be available to us;

 

our liquidity, including our ability to meet capital spending requirements and operations;

 

future repurchases of common stock;

 

future levels of indebtedness and capital spending;

 

the stability of financial institutions, including those lending to us;

 

pension and other postretirement plan assumptions and future contributions; and

 

our tax rate and other effects of the changes in U.S. federal tax law.

All these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict and are subject to a number of factors and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements.  Factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements include the factors described in Item 1A, Risk Factors.  We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason, except as required by applicable law.

Unless we have indicated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references in this Form 10-K to “Woodward,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Woodward, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.  

Except where we have otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, amounts presented in this Form 10-K are in thousands, except per share amounts.

 

 

1


 

 

Item 1.

Business

General

We are an independent designer, manufacturer, and service provider of control solutions for the aerospace and industrial markets.  Our innovative fluid energy, combustion control, electrical energy, and motion control systems help customers offer cleaner, more reliable, and more efficient equipment.  Our customers include leading original equipment manufacturers and end users of their products.  We have production and assembly facilities primarily in the United States, Europe and Asia, and promote our products and services through our worldwide locations.  

Our strategic focus is providing energy control and optimization solutions for the aerospace and industrial markets.  The precise and efficient control of energy, including motion, fluid, combustion and electrical energy, is a growing requirement in the markets we serve.  Our customers look to us to optimize the efficiency, emissions and operation of power equipment in both commercial and defense operations.  Our core technologies leverage well across our markets and customer applications, enabling us to develop and integrate cost-effective and state-of-the-art fuel, combustion, fluid, actuation and electronic systems.  We focus primarily on serving original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) and equipment packagers, partnering with them to bring superior component and system solutions to their demanding applications.  We also provide aftermarket repair, maintenance, replacement and other service support for our installed products.

Woodward was established in 1870, incorporated in 1902, and is headquartered in Fort Collins, Colorado.  The mailing address of our world headquarters is 1081 Woodward Way, Fort Collins, Colorado 80524.  Our telephone number at that location is (970) 482-5811, and our website is www.woodward.com.  None of the information contained on our website is incorporated into this document by reference.

Markets and Principal Lines of Business

We serve the aerospace and industrial markets through our two reportable segments – Aerospace and Industrial.  Our customers require technological solutions to meet their needs for performance, efficiency, and reliability, and reduce cost of operation.

Within the aerospace market, we provide systems, components and solutions for both commercial and defense applications.  Our aerospace systems and components optimize the performance of fixed wing and rotorcraft platforms in commercial, business and military aircraft, missiles and weapons, ground vehicles and other equipment.  Our key focus areas within this market are propulsion and combustion control solutions for turbine powered aircraft; and fluid and motion control solutions for critical aerospace and defense applications.

Within the industrial market, our key focus areas are applications and control solutions for machines that produce electricity utilizing conventional or alternative energy resources; and fluid, motion, and combustion control solutions for complex oil and gas, industrial, power generation and transportation applications.

Products, Services and Applications

Aerospace

Our Aerospace segment designs, manufactures, and services systems and products for the management of fuel, air, and combustion and motion control.  These products include fuel pumps, metering units, actuators, air valves, specialty valves, fuel nozzles, and thrust reverser actuation systems for turbine engines and nacelles, as well as flight deck controls, actuators, servocontrols, motors and sensors for aircraft.  These products are used on commercial and private aircraft and rotorcraft, as well as on military fixed-wing aircraft and rotorcraft, guided weapons, and other defense systems. 

We have significant content on a wide variety of commercial aircraft, rotorcraft and business jet platforms, such as the Airbus A320neo, Boeing 737 MAX and 787, Bell 429 and Gulfstream G650.  We also have significant content on defense applications such as Blackhawk and Apache helicopters, F/A-18 and F-35 fighter jets, and guided tactical weapons (for example, the Joint Direct Attack Munition (“JDAM”)).  

Revenues from the Aerospace segment are generated by sales to OEMs, tier-one suppliers, and prime contractors, and through aftermarket sales of components, such as provisioning spares or replacements, and spare parts.  We also provide aftermarket maintenance, repair and overhaul, as well as other services to commercial airlines, repair facilities, military depots, third party repair shops, and other end users.  

2


 

Industrial

Our Industrial segment designs, produces, and services systems and products for the management of fuel, air, fluids, gases, motion, combustion and electricity.  These products include actuators, valves, pumps, fuel injection systems, solenoids, ignition systems, speed controls, electronics and software, and sensors.  Our products are used on industrial gas turbines (including heavy frame, aeroderivative and small industrial gas turbines), steam turbines, compressors, and reciprocating engines (including low speed, medium speed and high-speed engines, that operate on various fuels, including natural gas, diesel, heavy fuel oil and dual-fuel).  The equipment on which our products are found is used to generate power; to extract and distribute fossil fuels; in the mining of other commodities; and to convert fuel to work in transportation and freight (both marine and locomotives), mobile, and industrial equipment applications.  

Revenues from our Industrial segment are generated primarily by sales to OEMs and by providing aftermarket products and other related services to our OEM customers.  Our Industrial segment also sells products through an independent network of distributors and, in some cases, directly to end users.

Customers

Sales to our five largest customers represented approximately 45% of our consolidated net sales for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

Sales to our largest customer in fiscal year ended September 30, 2021, The Boeing Company, accounted for approximately 13% of our consolidated net sales, and 14% in the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.  Accounts receivable from The Boeing Company represented approximately 14% of accounts receivable at September 30, 2021 and 13% at September 30, 2020.  Sales to our second largest customer, General Electric Company, accounted for approximately 11% of our consolidated net sales in the fiscal years ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020.  Accounts receivable from General Electric Company totaled approximately 10% of accounts receivable at September 30, 2021, and 9% at September 30, 2020.  We believe The Boeing Company, General Electric Company, and our other significant customers are creditworthy and will be able to satisfy their credit obligations to us.

The following customers account for approximately 10% or more of net sales to each of our reportable segments for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

 

 

Customer

Aerospace

 

The Boeing Company, General Electric Company, Raytheon Technologies

Industrial

 

Rolls-Royce PLC, Weichai Westport, General Electric Company

 

Competitive Environment

Our products and product support services are sold worldwide into a variety of markets.  In all markets, we compete on the basis of differentiated technology and design, product performance and conformity with customer specifications.  Additional factors are customer service and support, including on-time delivery and customer partnering, product quality, price, reputation and local presence.  Both of our segments operate in uniquely competitive environments.

We believe that new competitors face significant barriers to entry into many of our markets, including various government mandated certification requirements to compete in the aerospace and industrial markets in which we participate.

Aerospace

Aerospace has significant product certification requirements to meet safety regulations, which form a basis for competition as well as a barrier to entry.  Technological innovation and design, product performance including increased efficiency and thrust, conformity with customer specifications, and product quality and reliability are of utmost importance in the aerospace and defense industry.  In addition, on-time delivery, pricing, and joint development capabilities with customers are points of competition within this market.

We compete with numerous companies around the world that specialize in fuel and air management, combustion, electronic control, aircraft motion control, flight deck control, and thrust reverser products.  Our competitors in aerospace include divisions of Eaton, Honeywell, Moog, Parker Hannifin, and Raytheon Technologies.  In addition, some of our OEM customers are capable of developing and manufacturing similar products internally.  Several competitors are also customers for our products, such as Honeywell, Parker Hannifin, and Raytheon Technologies.

3


 

Some of our customers are affiliated with our competitors through ownership or joint venture agreements.  For example, Pratt & Whitney, one of our customers, is affiliated with Raytheon Technologies, one of our competitors.  Similarly, GE Aviation has a joint venture with Parker Hannifin for the supply of fuel nozzles.  We also have partnered with our customers in the past, such as our strategic joint venture (“JV”) with one of our largest customers, General Electric Company (“GE”), acting through its GE Aviation business unit.  

We believe our products offer high levels of field reliability, which provides end users with an advantage in life-cycle cost.  We address competition in aftermarket service through responsiveness to our customers’ needs, providing short turnaround times, greater performance such as longer time between repairs, and maintaining a global presence. We also compete in part by establishing relationships with our customers’ engineering organizations, and by offering innovative technical and commercial solutions to meet their market requirements.  Our ability to design, develop and test an integrated system with a customer is a competitive differentiator, offering the customer savings in both resources and time.

Industrial

Industrial operates in the global markets for industrial turbines and reciprocating engines, which are used in power generation systems, transportation, and oil and gas markets.  Many of these markets are subject to regulatory product and performance certifications to meet emissions and safety requirements, which form a basis for competition as well as a barrier to entry.  

We compete with numerous companies that specialize in various engine, turbine, and power management products, and our OEM customers are often capable of developing and manufacturing similar products internally.  Many of our customers are large global OEMs that require suppliers to support them around the world and to meet increasingly higher requirements in terms of safety, quality, delivery, reliability and cost. Competitors include Emerson, EControls, Heinzmann GmbH & Co., Hoerbiger, Meggitt, Robert Bosch AG, and Triconix.  OEM customers with internal capabilities for similar products include Caterpillar, Cummins, General Electric, Rolls-Royce Power Systems, Wärtsilä, and Weichai.  

We believe we are a market leader in providing our customers advanced technology and superior product performance at a competitive price.  We focus on developing and maintaining close relationships with our OEM customers’ engineering teams.  Competitive success is based on the development of innovative components and systems that are aligned with the OEMs’ technology roadmaps to achieve future reliability, emission, efficiency, and fuel flexibility targets.  

For additional information about our markets and trends in our markets, please see Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Government Contracts and Regulation

Portions of our business, particularly in our Aerospace segment, are heavily regulated.  We contract with numerous U.S. Government agencies and entities, including all of the branches of the U.S. military, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (“NASA”), and the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, and Transportation.  We also contract with similar government authorities outside the United States, subject in all cases to applicable law.

We must comply with, and are affected by, laws and regulations relating to the formation, administration and performance of U.S. Government contracts.  These laws and regulations, among other things:

 

require accurate, complete and current disclosure and certification of cost and pricing data in connection with certain contracts;

 

impose specific and unique cost accounting practices that may differ from accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), and therefore require robust systems to reconcile;

 

impose regulations that define allowable and unallowable costs and otherwise govern our right to reimbursement under certain cost-based U.S. Government contracts;

 

impose manufacturing specifications and other quality standards that may be more restrictive than for non-government business activities; and

 

restrict the use and dissemination of information classified for national security purposes due to the regulations of the U.S. Government and foreign governments pertaining to the export of certain products and technical data.

Sales made directly to U.S. Government agencies and entities, or indirectly through third party manufacturers utilizing Woodward parts and subassemblies, collectively represented 29% of our sales for fiscal year 2021 and 28% of our sales for fiscal year 2020.

 

4


 

 

Seasonality

We believe our sales, in total or in either reportable segment, are not subject to significant seasonal variation.  However, our sales have generally been lower in the first quarter of our fiscal year as compared to the immediately preceding quarter due to fewer working days resulting from the observance of various holidays and scheduled plant shutdowns for annual maintenance.

Sales Order Backlog

Beginning in fiscal year 2019, for each of our reportable segments, we have elected to quantify backlog in a manner consistent with the definition of remaining performance obligations.  Our remaining performance obligations by segment, excluding material rights, as of October 31, 2021 and 2020 is shown in the table below.  

 

 

October 31,

2021

 

 

October 31, 2021 Percent Expected to be satisfied by September 30, 2022

 

 

October 31,

2020

 

Aerospace

 

$

1,009,101

 

 

 

79

%

 

$

1,160,486

 

Industrial

 

 

261,074

 

 

 

97

 

 

 

209,302

 

 

 

$

1,270,175

 

 

 

83

%

 

$

1,369,788

 

 

Our remaining performance obligations relate to the aggregate amount of the total contract transaction price of firm orders for which the performance obligation has not yet been recognized in revenue.  

Manufacturing

We operate manufacturing and assembly plants primarily in the United States, Europe and Asia.  Our products consist of mechanical, electronic and electromechanical systems and components.

Aluminum, iron and steel are primary raw materials used to produce our mechanical components.  Other commodities, such as gold, copper and nickel, are also used in the manufacture of our products, although in much smaller quantities.  We purchase various goods, including component parts and services used in production, logistics and product development processes from third parties.  Generally, there are numerous sources for the raw materials and components used in our products, which we believe are sufficiently available to meet current requirements.

We maintain global strategic sourcing models to meet our global facilities' production needs while building long-term supplier relationships and efficiently managing our overall supply costs.  We expect our suppliers to maintain adequate levels of quality raw materials and component parts, and to deliver such parts on a timely basis to support production of our various products.  We use a variety of agreements with suppliers intended to protect our intellectual property and processes and to monitor and mitigate risks of disruption in our supply base that could cause a business disruption to our production schedules or to our customers.  The risks monitored include supplier financial viability, business continuity, quality, delivery and protection of our intellectual property and processes.

Our customers expect us to maintain adequate levels of certain finished goods and certain component parts to support our warranty commitments and sales to our aftermarket customers, and to deliver such parts on a timely basis to support our customers’ standard and customary needs.  We carry certain finished goods and component parts in inventory to meet these rapid delivery requirements of our customers.

Research and Development

We finance our research and development activities primarily with our own funds.  Our research and development costs include basic research, applied research, component and systems development, and concept formulation studies.  

We collaborate closely with our customers as they develop their technology plans, which leads to new product concepts.  We believe this collaboration allows us to develop technology, new systems, and products that are aligned with our customers’ needs and future performance, which increases the likelihood that our systems and components will be selected for inclusion in the platforms developed by our customers.  Further, we believe our close collaboration with our customers during preliminary design stages allows us to provide products that deliver the component and system performance necessary to bring greater value to our customers.  This preliminary work may include opportunities to test new products in order to validate concepts and demonstrate performance in challenging environments.  We strive to stay ahead of the competition through our modeling, prototyping, and state of the art test capabilities.  

5


 

Aerospace is focused on developing systems and components that we believe will be instrumental in helping our customers achieve their objectives of lower fuel consumption, lighter weight, more efficient performance, reduced emissions, and improved operating economics.  We support our engine and airframe customers as they develop next generation designs across the commercial aviation, general aviation, civil private and military markets.  Our development efforts support technology for a wide range of:

 

aerospace turbine engine applications, which include commercial, business and military turbofan engines of various thrust classes, turboshaft engines and turboprop engines;

 

electromechanical and hydraulic actuation systems for flight deck-to-flight surface control of fixed-wing aircraft and rotorcraft, and turbine engine nacelles, as well as guidance for weapon systems; and

 

motion control components for integration into comprehensive actuation systems.

Most technology development programs begin years before an expected entry to service, such as those for the next generation of commercial aircraft.  Other development programs result in nearer-term product launches associated with new OEM offerings, product upgrades, or product replacements on existing programs.  

We developed the fuel system, air management system, and actuation hardware for CFM International’s LEAP engine program.  We also developed the actuation system, combustion system and oil system components for Pratt & Whitney’s Geared Turbo Fan (“GTF” or “PurePower”) engine program.  These programs target applications in the single aisle and regional aircraft markets with entry into service in the 2016 to 2022 timeframe.  Both the LEAP engine and the PurePower engine have been selected by Airbus as options to power its A320neo aircraft.  In addition, the LEAP engine was selected by Boeing exclusively for its 737 MAX aircraft.

Industrial is focused on developing innovative technologies, including integrated control systems and system components, that enable our customers to cost-effectively meet mandated emissions regulations and fuel efficiency demands, allow for usage of a wider range of fuel sources, increase reliability (particularly in harsh environments), and reduce total cost of ownership.  Our development efforts support technology for a wide range of:

 

products that improve the quality of combustion processes and provide more precise flow of various fuels and gases in our customers’ gas turbines and industrial reciprocating engines;

 

electronic devices and software solutions that provide improved control and protection of reciprocating engines, gas turbines, steam turbines, and engine- and turbine-powered equipment; and

 

advanced prognostic and predictive intelligence that is integrated into many of our complex products and systems.

Human Capital

We consider our employees (whom we call “members”) to be the most valuable resource for current and future success and we seek to provide a work environment that fosters growth, encourages self-development, and provides meaningful work.  We make significant investments in training and professional development, and provide competitive pay, benefits, and other incentives.  Notable programs we offer to our full-time members include:

 

employer sponsored health insurance;

 

employer 401(k) matching contributions;

 

annual Woodward stock contributions for U.S. members;

 

a tuition assistance program;

 

training and professional development courses through our Woodward University curriculum; and

 

other values-based and technical development training

In addition to our comprehensive investment in our members’ success, we strive to maintain an inclusive environment that values and leverages the uniqueness of each member to the benefit of all our stakeholders.  We view the combination of diverse perspectives and backgrounds as a powerful force for innovation.  To promote diversity and our core principles, we emphasize dignity, value, and equality of all members, regardless of race, color, religion, age, gender or sexual orientation, through our actions and the workplace training programs we provide.  We continually strive to harness the diversity of our global workforce by cultivating a climate that permits all our members to bring their authentic selves to work.

6


 

The health and safety of our members is also a top priority.  We have implemented appropriate procedures and precautions to ensure the continued safety and well-being of members is a dedicated concern.  We not only strive to comply with all federal and local workplace laws and regulations where we do business, but continue to look for ways to exceed compliance standards by utilizing continuous improvement discipline to proactively eliminate risks to our members.

The global economic effects associated with the COVID-19 pandemic have been unprecedented in their scope and depth. We have been and will continue to be following recommendations of the U.S. Center for Disease Control and other applicable agencies to maximize the safety and well-being of our members. We have implemented measures to mitigate exposure risks and support operations.  Throughout this crisis, our unwavering focus has been on keeping our workplace as safe as possible, while ensuring we stabilize our business and position ourselves well for the future.  

As of October 31, 2021, we employed approximately 7,200 full-time members of which approximately 2,000 were located outside of the United States, with the majority of such members located in Germany, Poland and China.  Approximately 56% of our full-time members support our Aerospace segment and 38% support our Industrial segment, while we have 6% of our full-time workforce included in our Corporate support function.  We believe that our relationships with our members are good.

Approximately 15% of our total full-time workforce were union members as of October 31, 2021, all of whom work for our Aerospace segment and are located in the United States.  The collective bargaining agreements with our union members are generally renewed through contract renegotiation near the contract expiration dates.  The MPC Employees Representative Union contract, which covered 567 members as of October 31, 2021, expired October 1, 2021, and is currently under negotiations for extension. The Local Lodge 727-N International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers agreement, which covers 452 members as of October 31, 2021, expires April 23, 2024.  We believe that our relationships with our union members and the representative unions are good.

Almost all of our other members in the United States were at-will members as of October 31, 2021, and therefore, not subject to any type of employment contract or agreement.  Our executive officers each have change-in-control agreements which have been filed with the SEC.

Outside of the United States, we enter into employment contracts and agreements in those countries in which such relationships are mandatory or customary, including coordination through local works’ councils.  The provisions of these agreements correspond in each case with the required or customary terms in the subject jurisdiction.

Patents, Intellectual Property, and Licensing

We own numerous patents and other intellectual property, and have licenses for the use of patents and other intellectual property owned by others, which relate to our products and their manufacture.  In addition to owning a large portfolio of intellectual property, we also license intellectual property to and from third parties.  For example, the U.S. Government has certain rights in our patents and other intellectual property developed in performance of certain government contracts, and it may use or authorize others to use the inventions covered by such patents for government purposes as allowed by law.  

Intellectual property not covered by patents (or patent applications) includes trade secrets and other technological know-how that is not patentable or for which we have elected not to seek patent protection, including intellectual property relating to our manufacturing processes and engineering designs.  Such unpatented technology, including research, development and engineering technical skills and know-how, as well as unpatented software, is important to our overall business and to the operations of each of our segments.  

While our intellectual property assets taken together are important, we do not believe our business or either of our segments would be materially affected by the expiration of any particular intellectual property right or termination of any particular intellectual property patent license agreement.

As of September 30, 2021, our Consolidated Balance Sheets includes $559,289 of net intangible assets.  This value represents the carrying values, net of amortization, of certain assets acquired in various business acquisitions and does not purport to represent the fair value of our acquired intellectual property as of September 30, 2021.

7


 

Environmental Matters and Climate Change

The Company is regulated by federal, state and international environmental laws governing our use, transport and disposal of substances and control of emissions.  Compliance with these existing laws has not had a material impact on our capital expenditures, earnings or global competitive position.

We use hazardous materials and/or regulated materials in our manufacturing operations.  We also own, operate, have acquired, and may in the future acquire facilities that were formerly owned and operated by others that used such materials.  We believe the risk that a significant release of regulated materials has occurred in the past or will occur in the future cannot be completely eliminated or prevented.  From time to time, we engage in environmental remediation activities, generally in coordination with other companies, pursuant to federal and state laws.  In addition, we may be exposed to other environmental costs including participation in superfund sites or other similar jurisdictional initiatives.  When it is reasonably probable that we will incur remediation costs at a site, and those costs can be reasonably estimated, we accrue a liability for such future costs with a related charge against our earnings.  In formulating that estimate and recognizing those costs, we do not consider amounts expected to be recovered from insurance companies, or others, until such recovery is assured.  Currently, we have no sites undergoing remediation.  

Our manufacturing facilities generally do not produce volumes or quantities of byproducts, including greenhouse gases, that would be considered hazardous waste or otherwise harmful to the environment.  We do not expect legislation currently pending or expected in the next several years to have a significant negative impact on our operations in any of our segments.

Domestic and foreign legislative initiatives on emissions control, renewable energy, and climate change tend to favorably impact the sale of our energy control products.  For example, our Industrial segment produces energy control products that help our customers maximize engine efficiency and minimize wasteful emissions, including greenhouse gases.

Available Information

Through a link on the Investor Information section of our website, www.woodward.com, we make available, free of charge, the following filings as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed or furnished to the SEC: our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, Proxy Statements on Schedule 14A, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as well as Section 16 reports of our officers and directors.  The Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) also maintains a website that contains our SEC filings.  The address of the site is www.sec.gov.  We provide notifications of news or announcements regarding our financial performance, including SEC filings, investor events, press and earnings releases as part of our investor relations website.  We have used, and intend to continue to use, our investor relations website, as well as the following as of the date of this filing, as means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with the disclosure obligations under Regulation FD:

 

Twitter: @woodward_inc

 

Facebook: Facebook.com/woodwardinc

 

LinkedIn: Linkedin.com/company/woodward

 

YouTube: YouTube.com/user/woodwardinc

None of the information contained on our website, or the above-mentioned social media sites, is incorporated into this document by reference.

8


 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

The following summarizes important factors that could individually, or together with one or more other factors, affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows:

COVID-19 Pandemic Risks

The global COVID-19 pandemic (COVID-19) has led to significant volatility in virtually all product, service and economic markets, including financial markets, commodities (including oil and gas) and other industries (including the aviation industry), thereby impacting our business, financial results and the achievement of our strategic objectives.  The extent to which the pandemic and measures taken in response to the pandemic could materially and adversely impact our business, financial condition, liquidity, capital and results of operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and are difficult to predict.

Global health concerns pertaining to COVID-19 and related government actions taken to reduce the spread of the virus have impacted the economic environment, significantly increased economic uncertainty and reduced economic activity.  The pandemic has also caused governmental authorities to implement numerous measures to try to contain the virus, including ongoing travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, and business limitations and shutdowns. These measures have negatively impacted and may further negatively impact consumer and business ordering and payment patterns.

COVID-19 has adversely impacted, and will continue to adversely impact, our business, operations, financial condition, capital and results of operations. The extent of these impacts depends on future developments, which are highly uncertain and difficult to predict, including, but not limited to, (i) the duration and magnitude of the pandemic, (ii) the actions taken to contain the virus or treat its impact, (iii) the effectiveness of economic stimulus measures, and (iv) the extent to which economic and operating conditions and consumer and business spending can return to their pre-pandemic levels.

The spread of COVID-19 has caused us to modify our business practices and operations, and to align our business with the unfavorable economic conditions, including enhancing our operations management teams and global supply chain to ensure the Company is efficiently utilizing inventory on hand, as well as increasing our internal processing capabilities.  We may take further actions as required by government authorities or that we otherwise determine are in the best interests of our customers, employees and business partners.  Moreover, we expect that the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic will heighten many of the other risks described herein.

Industry Risks

We operate in highly competitive industries and, if we are unable to compete effectively in one or more of our markets, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected.

We face intense competition from a number of established competitors in the United States and abroad, some of which are larger in size or are divisions of large, diversified companies with substantially greater financial resources. In addition, global competition continues to increase. Changes in competitive conditions, including the availability of new technologies, products and services, the introduction of new channels of distribution, changes in OEM and aftermarket pricing, and further consolidation of companies in our industries, could impact our relationships with our customers and may adversely affect future sales and margins, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Further, the markets in which we operate experience rapidly changing technologies and frequent introductions of new products and services. The technological expertise we have developed and maintained could become less valuable if a competitor were to develop a breakthrough technology that would allow it to match or exceed the performance of existing technologies at a lower cost. If we are unable to develop competitive technologies, future sales or earnings could be lower than expected, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

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A significant portion of our revenue is concentrated among a relatively small number of customers, which makes our business more vulnerable to fluctuations in sales to these customers and changes in their financial condition.

A significant portion of our revenue is concentrated among a relatively small number of customers. We have fewer customers than many companies with similar sales volumes. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021, sales to our largest 5 customers represented approximately 45% of our consolidated net sales and approximately 39% of our accounts receivable. If any of our significant customers were to change suppliers, in-source production, institute significant restructuring or cost-cutting measures, or experience financial distress, these significant customers may substantially reduce, or otherwise be unable to pay for, purchases from us. Accordingly, our consolidated net sales could decrease significantly, or we may experience difficulty collecting, or be unable to collect, amounts due and payable, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

In October 2018 and March 2019, two commercial aircraft accidents led to the grounding by the Federal Aviation Administration (“FAA”) and other regulators of the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft, on which we have significant content. The grounding of the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft by the FAA and other regulators, which started in March of 2019 and continued through November 2020, caused deliveries of that aircraft to be zero in fiscal year 2020. As the aircraft return to service progresses, which includes the pending recertification of the aircraft in various international jurisdictions, we anticipate a large majority of the deliveries missed in fiscal years 2019, 2020, and 2021 will be fulfilled in future periods, although at a slower rate than previously estimated. Although we anticipate a slow recovery of the OEM and a slightly better recovery of the initial provisioning sales as the aircraft’s return to service progresses, the previous grounding of the Boeing 737 MAX could further decrease our OEM and initial provisioning sales for the 737 MAX and CFM LEAP engines in the near term, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

The long sales cycle, customer evaluation process, and implementation period of our products and services may increase the costs of obtaining orders and reduce the predictability of sales cycles and our inventory requirements.

Our products and services are technologically complex and require significant capital commitments.  Prospective customers generally must commit significant resources to test and evaluate our products and to install and integrate them into larger systems.   Accordingly, customers often require a significant number of product presentations and demonstrations before reaching a sufficient level of confidence in the product’s performance and compatibility.  In addition, orders expected in one quarter may shift to another quarter or be cancelled with little advance notice as a result of customers’ budgetary constraints, internal acceptance reviews, and other factors affecting the timing of customers’ purchase decisions. The difficulty in forecasting demand increases the challenge in anticipating sales cycles and our inventory requirements, which may cause us to over-produce finished goods and could result in inventory write-offs, or could cause us to under-produce finished goods.  Any such over-production or under-production could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our participation in a strategic joint venture with GE may make it more difficult to secure long-term sales in certain aerospace markets.

In January 2016, Woodward and General Electric Company (“GE”), acting through its GE Aviation business unit, consummated the formation of a strategic joint venture between Woodward and GE (the “JV”).  The JV agreement does not restrict Woodward from entering into any market; however, consolidation in the aircraft engine market is increasingly prevalent, resulting in fewer engine manufacturers, and thus it may become more difficult for Woodward to secure new business with GE competitors on similar product applications both within and outside the specific JV market space.  Additionally, if GE fails to win new content in the market space covered by the JV, Woodward may be prevented from expanding content on future commercial aircraft engines in those markets.  

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General Commercial, Financial, and Regulatory Risks

Suppliers may be unable to provide us with materials of sufficient quality or quantity to meet our production needs at favorable prices or at all which may adversely affect our revenue and margins.

We are dependent upon suppliers for parts and raw materials used in the manufacture of products that we sell to our customers, and our raw material costs are subject to commodity market fluctuations. We may experience a shortage of parts or raw materials for various reasons, such as the loss of a significant supplier, high overall demand creating shortages in parts and supplies we use, financial distress, work stoppages, natural disasters, fluctuations in commodity prices, the imposition of tariffs or other duties, or production or distribution difficulties that may affect one or more of our suppliers. In some instances, we depend upon a single source of supply, manufacturing, or logistics support or participate in commodity markets that may be subject to allocations of limited supplies by suppliers. If one or more of our suppliers experiences financial difficulties, delivery delays or other performance problems, we may be unable to meet commitments to our customers or incur additional costs. Our customers rely on us to provide on-time delivery and have certain rights if our delivery standards are not maintained. A significant increase in our supply costs, including for raw materials that are subject to commodity price fluctuations and/or the imposition of tariffs, or a protracted interruption of supplies for any reason, could result in the delay of one or more of our customer contracts, increase our costs, result in lost revenue or could damage our reputation and relationships with customers. In addition, quality and sourcing issues that our suppliers may experience can also adversely affect the quality and effectiveness of our products and services and may result in liability or reputational harm to us. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our profitability may suffer if we are unable to manage our expenses in connection with sales increases, sales decreases, or if we experience change in product mix.

Some of our expenses are relatively fixed in relation to changes in sales volume and are difficult to adjust in the short term. Expenses driven by business activity other than sales level and other long-term expenditures, such as fixed manufacturing costs, capital expenditures and research and development expenses may be difficult to reduce in a timely manner in response to a reduction in sales.  In periods of rapid sales increases it may be difficult to quickly increase our production of finished goods because of our long manufacturing lead times.  If a sudden, unanticipated need for raw materials, components and labor arises, we could experience difficulties in sourcing these items at a favorable cost, in sufficient quantities or at all. These factors could result in delays in fulfilling customer sales contracts, lost revenue, damage to our reputation and relationships with our customers, and an inability to meet market demand, which in turn could prevent us from taking advantage of business opportunities or responding to competitive pressures and could result in an increase in costs leading to a decrease in net earnings or even net losses. In addition, we sell products that have varying profit margins, and fluctuations in the mix of sales of our various products may affect our overall profitability.

Reductions, delays or changes in U.S. Government spending could adversely affect our business.

Sales made directly to U.S. Government agencies and entities, or indirectly through third party manufacturers, such as tier-one prime contractors, utilizing Woodward parts and subassemblies, accounted for approximately 29% of total sales in fiscal year 2021 and 28% in fiscal year 2020.  

The U.S. Government participates in a wide variety of operations, including homeland defense, counterinsurgency, counterterrorism, and other defense-related operations that employ our products and services.  U.S. defense spending has historically been cyclical in nature and is subject to periodic congressional authorization and appropriation actions.  The level of U.S. defense spending may be impacted by numerous factors outside of our control such as changes in the perceived threat environment, U.S. foreign policy, changes in security, defense, and intelligence priorities, shifts in domestic and international spending and tax policy, budget deficits and competing budget priorities, and the overall economic and political environment.

Defense budgets tend to rise when perceived threats to national security increase the level of concern over the country’s safety, but we can provide no assurance that an increase in defense spending will be allocated to programs that would benefit our business.  Decreases in U.S. Government defense spending, changes in the spending allocation, phase-outs or terminations of certain aerospace and defense programs on which we have content could have a material adverse effect on our sales unless they are offset by other aerospace and defense programs and opportunities.  If the priorities of the U.S. Government change and/or defense spending is reduced, this may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

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Our business may be adversely affected by risks unique to government contracting.

Our contracts with the U.S. Government are subject to certain unique risks, including the risks set forth below, some of which are beyond our control, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  

 

Our U.S. Government contracts and the U.S. Government contracts of our customers are subject to modification, curtailment or termination by the government, either for the convenience of the government or for default as a result of a failure by us or our customers to perform under the applicable contract.  If any of our contracts are terminated by the U.S. Government, our backlog would be reduced, in accordance with contract terms, by the expected value of the remaining work under such contracts.  In addition, we are not the prime contractor on most of our contracts for supply to the U.S. Government, and the U.S. Government could terminate a prime contract under which we are a subcontractor, irrespective of the quality of our products and services as a subcontractor.

 

We must comply with procurement laws and regulations relating to the formation, administration and performance of our U.S. Government contracts and the U.S. Government contracts of our customers.  The U.S. Government may change procurement laws and regulations from time to time.  A violation of U.S. Government procurement laws or regulations, a change in U.S. Government procurement laws and regulations, or a termination arising out of our default could expose us to liability, debarment, or suspension and could have an adverse effect on our ability to compete for future contracts and orders.

 

We are subject to government inquiries, audits and investigations due to our business relationships with the U.S. Government and the heavily regulated industries in which we do business.  In addition, our contract costs are subject to audits by the U.S. Government.  U.S. Government agencies, including the Defense Contract Audit Agency and the Defense Contract Management Agency, routinely audit government contractors and subcontractors.  These agencies review our performance under contracts, cost structure and compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards, as well as the adequacy of and our compliance with our internal control systems and policies.  Any costs found to be misclassified or inaccurately allocated to a specific contract would be deemed non-reimbursable, and to the extent already reimbursed, would be refunded.  Any inadequacies in our systems and policies could result in withholds on billed receivables, penalties and reduced future business.  Any inquiries or investigations, including those related to our contract pricing, could potentially result in civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions, including termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, fines, suspension, and/or debarment from participating in future business opportunities with the U.S. Government.  Such actions could harm our reputation, even if such allegations are later determined to be unfounded, and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.    

Our debt obligations and the restrictive covenants in the agreements governing our debt could limit our ability to operate our business or pursue our business strategies, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows, and could significantly reduce stockholder benefits from a change of control event.

As of September 30, 2021, our total debt was $734,850, including $550,000 in unsecured notes denominated in U.S. dollars issued in private placements and $185,503 of unsecured notes denominated in Euros issued in private placements.  We are obligated to make interest and scheduled principal payments under the agreements governing our long-term debt, which requires us to dedicate a portion of our cash flow from operations to payments on our indebtedness, and which may reduce the availability of our cash flow for other purposes, including business development efforts and mergers and acquisitions.  These debt obligations could make us more vulnerable to general adverse economic and industry conditions and could limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industries in which we operate, thereby placing us at a disadvantage to our competitors that have less indebtedness. Further, we may require additional capital to repay our debt obligations when they mature, and such capital may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all.

Our existing revolving credit facility and note purchase agreements impose financial covenants on us and our subsidiaries that require us to maintain certain leverage ratios and minimum levels of consolidated net worth.  Certain of these agreements require us to repay outstanding borrowings with portions of the proceeds we receive from certain sales of property or assets and specified future debt offerings.

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These financial covenants place certain restrictions on our business that may affect our ability to execute our business strategy successfully or take other actions that we believe would be in the best interests of our Company.  These covenants include limitations or restrictions, among other things, on our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to:

 

incur additional indebtedness;  

 

pay dividends or make distributions on our capital stock or certain other restricted payments or investments;  

 

purchase or redeem stock;  

 

issue stock of our subsidiaries;  

 

make domestic and foreign investments and extend credit;  

 

engage in transactions with affiliates;  

 

transfer and sell assets;  

 

effect a consolidation or merger or sell, transfer, lease, or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets; and

 

create liens on our assets to secure debt.

These agreements contain certain customary events of default, including certain cross-default provisions related to other outstanding debt arrangements.  Any breach of the covenants under these agreements or other event of default could cause a default under these agreements and/or a cross-default under our other debt arrangements, which could restrict our ability to borrow under our revolving credit facility.  If there were an event of default under certain provisions of our debt arrangements that was not cured or waived, the holders of the defaulted debt may be able to cause all amounts outstanding with respect to the debt instrument, plus any required settlement costs, to be due and payable immediately.  Our assets and available cash balances may not be sufficient to fully repay borrowings under our outstanding debt instruments if accelerated upon an event of default.  If we are unable to repay, refinance, or restructure our indebtedness as required, or amend the covenants contained in these agreements, the lenders or note holders may be entitled to obtain a lien or institute foreclosure proceedings against our assets.  Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Additional tax expense or additional tax exposures could impact our future profitability.

We are subject to income taxes in both the United States and jurisdictions outside of the United States.  Our tax liabilities are dependent upon the distribution mix of operating income among these different jurisdictions.  Our tax expense includes estimates of additional tax that may be incurred and reflects various estimates, projections, and assumptions that could impact the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities.  Our future operating results could be adversely affected by changes in the effective tax rate, which could be caused by, among other things:

 

changes in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates;

 

changes in our overall profitability;

 

changes in rules or interpretations of existing tax laws;

 

changes in U.S. federal tax legislation and tax rates;

 

changes in state or non-U.S. government tax legislation and tax rates;  

 

changes in tax incentives;

 

changes in U.S. GAAP;

 

changes in the projected realization of deferred tax assets and liabilities;

 

changes in management’s assessment of the amount of earnings indefinitely reinvested offshore;

 

changes in management’s intentions regarding the amount of earnings reinvested offshore; and

 

the results of audits and examinations of previously filed tax returns and continuing assessments of our tax exposures.

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We derive a significant amount of revenue and obtain components from outside of the United States; accordingly, we are subject to the risks inherent in doing business in other countries.

In fiscal year 2021, approximately 43% of our total sales were made to customers in jurisdictions outside of the United States (including products manufactured in the United States and sold outside the United States as well as products manufactured in international locations). We also purchase raw materials and components from suppliers outside the United States.  Accordingly, our business and results of operations are subject to risks associated with doing business internationally, including:

 

transportation delays and interruptions;

 

political, social and economic instability and disruptions;

 

acts of terrorism or war;

 

the imposition of taxes, import and export controls, duties and tariffs, embargoes, sanctions and other trade restrictions;

 

fluctuations in currency exchange rates;

 

changes in regulatory environments;

 

cost of compliance with increasingly complex and often conflicting regulations governing various matters worldwide;

 

cost of labor, labor shortages and other changes in labor conditions;

 

the potential for nationalization of enterprises;

 

potential limitations on the Company’s ability to enforce legal rights and remedies, including protection of intellectual property;

 

difficulty of enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through some foreign legal systems;

 

potentially adverse tax consequences, including limitations on repatriations of earnings; and

 

difficulties in implementing restructuring actions on a timely basis.

The implementation of tariffs (such as those implemented by the United States and China in recent years) could increase the cost of certain commodities and/or limit their supply. Over the longer term, tariffs could significantly increase our costs and our ability to pass such increased costs along to our customers may be limited, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We are subject to and must comply with U.S. laws restricting or otherwise prohibiting companies from doing business in certain countries, including those on exports imposed under the U.S. Export Control Laws and Sanctions Programs.  These laws and regulations change from time to time and may restrict sales to other countries or parties.

We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and similar anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws and regulations in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business or securing an improper business advantage.  We operate in many parts of the world and sell to industries that have experienced corruption to some degree.  If we are found to be liable for FCPA or other similar anti-bribery law or regulatory violations, we could be subject to civil and criminal penalties or other sanctions that could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Also, a material disruption to the financial institutions with whom we transact business could have a material adverse effect on our international operations or on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Changes in the estimates of fair value of reporting units or of long-lived assets, particularly goodwill, may result in future impairment charges, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operation.

Over time, the fair values of long-lived assets change. At September 30, 2021, we had $805,333 of goodwill, representing 20% of our total assets.  We test goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level on at least an annual basis or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. Future goodwill impairment charges may occur if estimates of fair values decrease, which would reduce future earnings. Future asset impairment charges may occur if asset utilization declines, if customer demand decreases, or for a number of other reasons, which would reduce future earnings. Any such impairment charges could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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There can be no assurance that our estimates and assumptions of the fair value of our reporting units, the current economic environment, or the other inputs used in forecasting the present value of forecasted cash flows used to estimate the fair value of our reporting units will prove to be accurate projections of future performance, and any material error in our estimates and assumptions, could result in us needing to take a material impairment charge, which would have the effects discussed above.

Our financial and operating performance depends on continued access to a stable workforce and on favorable labor relations with our employees.

Due to the specialized nature of our business, competition for technical personnel is intense and our future performance is highly dependent on our ability to hire, train, assimilate, and retain a qualified workforce.  Additionally, it is important we hire and retain personnel with relevant experience in local laws, regulations, customs, traditions and business practices to support our international operations.  There is no assurance that we will continue to be successful in recruiting qualified employees in the future.  Further, approximately 15% of our workforce in the United States is unionized, and certain of our operations in the United States and internationally involve different employee/employer relationships and the existence of works’ councils.  We periodically need to renegotiate our collective bargaining agreements, and any failure to negotiate new agreements or extensions in a timely manner could result in work stoppages or slowdowns.  Any significant increases in labor costs, deterioration of employee relations, including any conflicts with works’ councils or unions, or slowdowns or work stoppages at any of our locations, whether due to employee turnover, changes in availability of qualified technical personnel, or otherwise, could have a material adverse effect on our business, our relationships with customers, and our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our operations and suppliers may be subject to physical and other risks that could disrupt our operations.

Our operations and sources of supply could be disrupted by unforeseen events, including fires, tornadoes, tsunamis, hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and other forms of severe weather in countries in which we operate or in which our suppliers are located, any of which could adversely affect our operations and financial performance. Natural disasters, public health concerns, war, political unrest, terrorist activity, equipment failures, power outages, or other unforeseen events could result in physical damage to or other disruption of, and complete or partial closure of, one or more of our manufacturing facilities, or could cause temporary or long-term disruption in the supply of component products from some local and international suppliers, disruption in the transport of our products and significant delays in the shipment of products and the provision of services, which could in turn cause the loss of sales and customers. Existing insurance arrangements may not provide protection for all the costs that may arise from such events. Accordingly, disruption of our operations or the operations of a significant supplier could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our intellectual property rights may not be sufficient to protect all our products or technologies and we may, regardless of intent, infringe on the intellectual property rights of others.

Our success depends in part on our ability to obtain patents or rights to patents, protect trade secrets and know-how, and prevent others from infringing on our patents, trademarks, and other intellectual property rights.  We cannot be certain that our pending patent applications will result in the issuance of patents to us, that patents issued to or licensed by us in the past or in the future will not be challenged or circumvented by competitors, or that these patents will be found to be valid or sufficiently broad to preclude our competitors from introducing technologies similar to those covered by our patents and patent applications.  Some of our intellectual property is not covered by patents (or patent applications) and includes trade secrets and other know-how that is not patentable or for which we have elected not to seek patent protection, including intellectual property relating to our manufacturing processes and engineering designs.  We will be able to protect our intellectual property from unauthorized use by third parties only to the extent that it is covered by valid and enforceable patents, trademarks, licenses or other valid intellectual property rights.  Patent protection generally involves complex legal and factual questions and, therefore, enforceability of patent rights cannot be predicted with certainty; thus, any patents that we own or license from others may not provide us with adequate protection against competitors.  Moreover, the laws of certain foreign jurisdictions do not recognize intellectual property rights or protect them to the same extent as do the laws of the United States.  

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Additionally, our current or future technologies may, regardless of our intent, infringe upon the patents or violate other proprietary rights of third parties.  In the event of such infringement or violation, we may face expensive litigation or indemnification obligations and may be prevented from selling existing products and pursuing product development or commercialization.  If we are unable to sufficiently protect our patent and other proprietary rights or if we infringe on the patent or proprietary rights of others, our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

Amounts accrued for contingencies may be inadequate to cover the amount of loss when the matters are ultimately resolved.

We are currently involved or may become involved in legal, regulatory and other proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. These proceedings may include, without limitation, product liability matters, intellectual property matters, contract disputes or claims, pending or threatened litigation, governmental investigations, as well as employment, tax, environmental, or other matters.  There is no certainty that the results of these matters will be favorable to the Company.  We accrue for known individual matters if we believe it is probable that the matter will result in a loss when ultimately resolved using estimates of the most likely amount of loss.  There may be additional losses that have not been accrued, or liabilities may exceed our estimates, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our business and operations may be adversely affected by cybersecurity breaches or other information technology system or network interruptions or intrusions.

We depend heavily on information technology (“IT”) and computerized systems to communicate and operate effectively. We store sensitive data including proprietary business information, intellectual property, classified information, customer information, supplier information, and confidential employee or other personal data on our servers and databases. The COVID-19 pandemic caused a shift in our business practices which required many of our employees to work remotely.  This increase in remote work presents increased security risks to our systems, networks, and data, and has resulted in an increased dependence on the security, reliability and adequacy of our IT systems.

From time to time, we have experienced cyberattacks on our IT infrastructure and systems. We may become the target of cyber-attacks by third parties seeking unauthorized access to our data or our customers’ data or to disrupt our operations or our ability to provide services. There is also a danger of loss, misuse, theft, unavailability, or unauthorized disclosure or other processing of information or assets (including source code), or damage to or other compromise of systems, components and other IT assets, including the introduction of malicious code or other vulnerabilities by people who obtain unauthorized access to our facilities, systems or information. There are many different techniques used to obtain unauthorized access to systems and data, and such techniques continue to evolve and become more sophisticated, and the adversaries are becoming more advanced, including nation states and actors sponsored by or affiliated with nation states, which target us and other defense contractors because we protect national security information, and other actors with substantial financial and technological resources.  These techniques include, but are not limited to, the use of malicious software, destructive malware, ransomware, denial of service attacks, phishing and other means of social engineering, and other means of causing system or network disruptions, obtaining unauthorized access to data or systems, or causing other cybersecurity breaches and incidents.  Additionally, system and service disruptions, and cybersecurity breaches or incidents, may result from employee or contractor error, negligence, or malfeasance. Due to the rapidly evolving threat environment and other factors, we may not be successful in defending against all such attacks.  Further, due to the evolving nature of these security threats and the national security aspects of much of the data we protect, the full impact of any future security breach or incident cannot be predicted.  We employ a number of measures, including technical security controls, employee training, comprehensive monitoring of our networks and systems, and maintenance of backup and protective systems.  However, our IT infrastructure, systems, networks, products, solutions and services remain potentially vulnerable to numerous additional known or unknown threats.  Additionally, there have been and may continue to be significant cyberattacks on, and other attempts to compromise the security of, the supply chain.  We may experience security breaches or incidents resulting from tools, services, or other third-party components and security vulnerabilities within, or introduced by, such tools, services, or components.

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If any of our IT infrastructure or systems are damaged, disrupted, or experience are impacted by security breaches or incidents, whether from cybersecurity attacks or other causes, or if we suffer any security breach or incident involving unauthorized access to, misuse, acquisition, disclosure, loss, alteration, or destruction of our data or other data we maintain or otherwise process, we could experience significant operational stoppages, disruptions, delays, and/or other detrimental impacts on our operations, and may face increased costs, including increased costs of implementing new data protection and security measures, policies, and procedures, and costs associated with remediating and otherwise responding to the security breach or incident.  Any such security breach or incident or the perception that it has occurred, also may result in diminished competitive advantages through reputational damage and increased operational costs, regulatory investigations, proceedings, and orders, litigation or other demands, indemnity obligations, damages for contract breach, fines or penalties relating to actual or alleged violation of applicable laws, regulations, or contractual obligations, incentives offered to customers or other business partners in an effort to maintain business relationships, and other costs and liabilities.  Such events could result in fines, penalties, litigation or governmental investigations and proceedings, diminished competitive advantages through reputational damages and increased operational costs, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  Further, any unauthorized disclosure or use or acquisition of our intellectual property and/or confidential business information could harm our competitive position, result in a loss of intellectual property protection, and otherwise reduce the value of our investment in research and development and other strategic initiatives or otherwise adversely affect our business.

Our insurance coverage may not be sufficient to compensate for all liability relating to any actual or potential disruption or other security breach or incident.  We cannot be certain that our coverage will be adequate for liabilities actually incurred, that insurance will continue to be available to us on economically reasonable terms, or at all, or that any insurer will not deny coverage as to any future claim.  The successful assertion of one or more large claims against us that exceed available insurance coverage, or the occurrence of changes in our insurance policies, including premium increases or the imposition of large deductible or co-insurance requirements, could have a material adverse effect on our business, including our financial condition, operating results, and reputation.  

Increasing emission standards that drive certain product sales may be eased or delayed, which could reduce our competitive advantage.

We sell components and systems that have been designed to meet strict emission standards, including standards that have not yet been implemented but are expected to be implemented soon.  If these emission standards are eased, developed products may become unnecessary and/or our future sales could be lower as potential customers select alternative products or delay adoption of our products, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  

Prices for fossil fuels may increase significantly and disproportionately to other sources of fuels used for power generation, which could reduce our sales and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Commercial producers of electricity use many of our components and systems, most predominately in their power plants that use natural gas as their fuel source.  Commercial producers of electricity are often in a position to manage the use of different power plant facilities and make decisions based on operating costs.  Compared to other sources of fuels used for power generation, natural gas prices have increased slower than fuel oil, but about the same as coal.  This increase in natural gas prices and any future increases, whether in absolute dollars or relative to other fuel costs such as oil, could impact the sales mix of our components and systems, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  

Long-term reduced commodity prices for oil, natural gas, and other minerals may depress the markets for certain of our products and services, particularly those from our Industrial segment.

Many of our Industrial segment OEM and aftermarket customers and our Aerospace segment rotorcraft product lines’ customers provide goods and services that support various industrial extraction activities, including mining, oil and gas exploration and extraction, and transportation of raw materials from extraction sites to refineries and/or processing facilities.  Long-term lower prices for commodities such as oil, natural gas, gold, tin, and various other minerals could reduce exploration activities and place downward pressure on demand for our goods and services that support exploration and extraction activities.

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Business Risks

Our product development activities may not be successful, may be more costly than currently anticipated, or we may not be able to produce newly developed products at a cost that meets the anticipated product cost structure.

Our business involves a significant level of product development activities, generally in connection with our customers’ development activities.  Industry standards, customer expectations, or other products may emerge that could render one or more of our products or services less desirable or obsolete.  Additionally, our competitors may develop new technology, or more efficient ways to produce their existing products that could cause our existing products or services to become less desirable or obsolete.  Maintaining our market position requires continued investment in research and development.  During an economic downturn or a subsequent recovery, we may need to maintain our investment in research and development, which may limit our ability to reduce these expenses in proportion to a sales shortfall.  

In addition, increased investments in research and development may divert resources from other potential investments in our business, such as acquisitions or investments in our facilities, processes and operations.  If these activities are not as successful as currently anticipated, are not completed on a timely basis, or are more costly than currently anticipated, or if we are not able to produce newly developed products at a cost that meets the anticipated product cost structure, then our future sales, margins and/or earnings could be lower than expected, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Product liability claims, product recalls or other liabilities associated with the products and services we provide may force us to pay substantial damage awards and other expenses that could exceed our accruals and insurance coverage.

The manufacture and sale of our products and the services we provide expose us to risks of product and other tort claims, and any resulting liability.  We currently have and have had in the past product liability claims relating to our products, and we will likely be subject to additional product liability claims in the future for past, current and future products.  Some of these claims may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.  We also provide certain services to our customers and are subject to claims with respect to the services provided.  In providing such services, we may rely on subcontractors to perform all or a portion of the contracted services.  It is possible that we could be liable to our customers for work performed by a subcontractor.  

Regardless of the outcome, product liability claims can be expensive to defend, can divert the attention of management and other personnel for significant periods of time, and can cause reputational damage.  While we believe that we have appropriate insurance coverage available to us related to any such claims, our insurance may not cover all liabilities or be available in the future at a cost acceptable to us.  An unsuccessful result in connection with a product liability claim, where the liabilities are not covered by insurance or for which indemnification or other recovery is not available, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  

We may be unable to successfully execute or effectively integrate acquisitions, and divestitures may not occur as planned.

As part of our business strategy, we have pursued, and expect to pursue acquisitions of other companies and assets.  The success of these transactions depends on, among other things, our ability to integrate these businesses into our operations and realize the planned synergies.  Integration of acquired operations may take longer, or be more costly or disruptive to our business, than originally anticipated. The integration of these acquisitions may require significant attention from our management, and the diversion of management’s attention and resources could have a material adverse effect on our ability to manage our business.  We may also incur costs and divert management attention to acquisitions that are never consummated.

Difficulties in the integration of the acquired business may include consolidating the operations, processes and systems of the acquired business, retaining and motivating key management and employees, and integrating existing business relationships with suppliers and customers.  Even if integration is successful, the financial and operational results may differ materially from our assumptions and forecasts due to unforeseen expenses, delays, conditions and liabilities.  Evolving regulations such as changes in tax, trade, environmental, labor, safety, payroll or pension policies could increase the expected costs of acquisitions, and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may impact the agreed upon purchase price. In addition, we may incur unanticipated costs or expenses following an acquisition, including post-closing asset impairment charges, expenses associated with eliminating duplicate facilities, and other liabilities.

18


 

Many of these factors are outside of our control and any one of them could result in increased costs, decreases in the amount of expected revenues, and diversion of management’s time and attention.  Failure to successfully implement our acquisition strategy, including successfully integrating acquired businesses, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  

We also may make strategic divestitures from time to time, such as the divestiture of our renewable power systems business and related businesses.  These transactions may result in continued financial involvement in the divested businesses, such as through guarantees or other financial arrangements, following the transaction.  Nonperformance by those divested businesses could affect our future financial results through additional payment obligations, higher costs or asset write-downs, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  

Our restructuring activities may increase our expenses and reduce our profitability, and may not have the intended effects.

From time to time, we have implemented restructuring and other actions designed to reduce structural costs, improve operational efficiency and position the Company for long-term profitable growth. Historically, our restructuring activities have included workforce management and other restructuring charges related to acquired businesses.  Due to cost reduction measures or changes in the industries and markets in which we compete, we may decide to implement restructuring or alignment activities in the future, such as closing plants, moving production lines, or making additions, reductions or other changes to our management or workforce.  These restructuring and/or alignment activities generally result in charges and expenditures that may adversely affect our financial results for one or more periods.

Restructuring and/or alignment activities can also create unanticipated consequences, such as instability or distraction among our workforce, and we cannot be sure that any restructuring or alignment efforts that we undertake will be successful.  A variety of risks could cause us not to realize expected cost savings, including, among others, higher than expected severance costs related to staff reductions, higher than expected costs of closing plants, higher costs to hire new employees or delays or difficulty hiring the employees needed, higher than expected operating costs associated with moving production lines, delays in the anticipated timing of activities related to our cost-saving plan, and other unexpected costs associated with operating the business.

If we are unable to structure our operations in the light of evolving market conditions, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Our manufacturing activities may result in future environmental costs or liabilities.

We use hazardous materials and/or regulated materials in our manufacturing operations.  We also own, operate, have acquired, and may in the future acquire facilities that were formerly owned and operated by others that used such materials.  The risk that a significant release of regulated materials has occurred in the past or will occur in the future cannot be completely eliminated or prevented.  As a result, we are subject to a substantial number of costly regulations and we must conform our operations to applicable regulatory requirements in all countries in which we operate.  To the best of our knowledge, we have been and will be at all times, in complete compliance with all environmental requirements, or that we will not incur additional material costs or liabilities in connection with these requirements.  

In addition, we may be subject to other environmental remediation costs such as participation in superfund sites or other similar jurisdictional initiatives.  As a result, we may incur material costs or liabilities or be required to undertake future environmental remediation activities that could damage our reputation and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Failure of our production lines, or those of our subcontractors, to meet required certification standards could disrupt production.

Our existing production lines, as well as the production lines of our subcontractors, are sometimes required to pass varying levels of qualification with certain of our customers.  Some of our customers require that our production lines pass their specific qualification standards and that we, and any subcontractors that we may use, be registered under or certified to certain U.S. or international quality standards.  We may be unable to obtain, maintain, or we may experience delays in obtaining, a certification or registration to a required quality standard.  A delay in obtaining, or the failure to obtain a necessary quality certification or registration could result in significant out-of-sequence work and increased production costs, as well as delayed deliveries to customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

19


 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2

Properties

The following is a summary of our principal facilities as of September 30, 2021:

Country

 

Location

 

Plants

 

Owned/Leased

 

Segment

 

Location Activity and Function

United States

 

Fort Collins, CO

 

2

 

Owned

 

Aerospace & Industrial

 

Corporate Headquarters;

Manufacturing and engineering

United States

 

Greenville, SC

 

1

 

Leased

 

Industrial

 

Manufacturing and engineering

United States

 

Loveland, CO

 

1

 

Leased

 

Aerospace & Industrial

 

Manufacturing and engineering

United States

 

Niles, IL

 

1

 

Owned

 

Aerospace

 

Manufacturing and engineering

United States

 

Rockford, IL

 

2

 

Owned

 

Aerospace

 

Manufacturing and engineering

United States

 

Santa Clarita, CA

 

1

 

Owned

 

Aerospace

 

Manufacturing and engineering

United States

 

Zeeland, MI

 

1

 

Owned

 

Aerospace

 

Manufacturing and engineering

Germany

 

Aken

 

1

 

Leased

 

Industrial

 

Manufacturing and engineering

Germany

 

Glatten

 

1

 

Owned

 

Industrial

 

Manufacturing

Poland

 

Krakow

 

1

 

Owned

 

Aerospace & Industrial

 

Manufacturing and engineering

Germany

 

Stuttgart

 

2

 

Owned/Leased

 

Industrial

 

Engineering

China

 

Tianjin

 

1

 

Leased

 

Industrial

 

Assembly

In addition to the principal plants listed above, we own or lease other facilities used primarily for sales, service activities, assembly, and/or engineering activities in Brazil, Bulgaria, China, India, Japan, the Netherlands, the Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.

Our principal plants are suitable and adequate for the manufacturing and other activities performed at those plants, and we believe our utilization levels are generally high.

Item 3.

Woodward is currently involved in pending or threatened litigation or other legal proceedings, investigations, claims and/or regulatory proceedings arising in the normal course of business, including, among others, those relating to product liability claims, employment matters, worker’s compensation claims, contractual disputes, product warranty claims and alleged violations of various laws and regulations.  Woodward accrues for known individual matters using estimates of the most likely amount of loss where it believes that it is probable the matter will result in a loss when ultimately resolved and such loss is reasonably estimable.  

While the outcome of pending claims, legal and regulatory proceedings, and investigations cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that any liabilities that may result from these claims, proceedings and investigations will not have a material effect on Woodward's liquidity, financial condition, or results of operations.

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

20


 

PART II

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market and is traded under the symbol “WWD.”  At November 16, 2021, there were approximately 800 holders of record.  

Performance Graph

The following graph compares the cumulative 10-year total return to stockholders on our common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of the S&P Midcap 400 index and the S&P Industrials index.  The graph shows total stockholder return assuming an investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) was made on September 30, 2011 in our common stock and in each of the two indexes and tracks relative performance through September 30, 2021.  We have used a period of 10 years as we believe that our stock performance should be reviewed over a period that is reflective of our long-term business cycle.

 

 

 

 

9/11

 

 

9/12

 

 

9/13

 

 

9/14

 

 

9/15

 

 

9/16

 

 

9/17

 

 

9/18

 

 

9/19

 

 

9/20

 

 

9/21

 

Woodward, Inc.

 

$

100.00

 

 

$

124.98

 

 

$

151.46

 

 

$

177.93

 

 

$

153.25

 

 

$

237.24

 

 

$

296.83

 

 

$

311.49

 

 

$

418.07

 

 

$

312.74

 

 

$

443.81

 

S&P Midcap 400

 

 

100.00

 

 

 

128.54

 

 

 

164.12

 

 

 

183.51

 

 

 

186.07

 

 

 

214.59

 

 

 

252.18

 

 

 

288.01

 

 

 

280.83

 

 

 

274.77

 

 

 

394.79

 

S&P Industrials

 

 

100.00

 

 

 

129.60

 

 

 

166.54

 

 

 

194.49

 

 

 

187.40

 

 

 

224.38

 

 

 

274.54

 

 

 

305.24

 

 

 

309.48

 

 

 

313.58

 

 

 

404.39

 

 

The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance

21


 

Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

(In thousands, except for shares and per share amounts)

 

Total

Number

of Shares

Purchased

 

 

Weighted

Average

Price Paid

Per Share

 

 

Total

Number

of Shares

Purchased

as Part of

Publicly

Announced

Plans or

Programs (1)

 

 

Maximum

Number (or

Approximate

Dollar

Value)

of Shares

that

may yet be

Purchased

under the

Plans or

Programs at

Period

End (1)

 

July 1, 2021 through July 31, 2021 (2)

 

 

36

 

 

$

121.56

 

 

 

 

 

$

486,654

 

August 1, 2021 through August 31, 2021 (2)

 

 

248

 

 

 

120.94

 

 

 

187

 

 

 

464,060

 

September 1, 2021 through September 30, 2021 (2)

 

 

26

 

 

 

113.20

 

 

 

217

 

 

 

440,794

 

 

 

(1)

In November 2019, our board of directors approved a stock repurchase program for the repurchase of up to $500,000 of Woodward’s outstanding shares of common stock on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions over a three-year period that will end in November 2022.  

 

(2)

Under a trust established for the purposes of administering the Woodward Executive Benefit Plan, 36 shares of common stock were acquired in July 2021, 24 shares of common stock were acquired in August 2021, and 26 shares of common stock were acquired in September 2021 on the open market related to the deferral of compensation by certain eligible members of Woodward’s management who irrevocably elected to invest some or all of their deferred compensation in Woodward common stock.  In addition, 224 shares of common stock were acquired in August 2021 on the open market related to the reinvestment of dividends for shares of treasury stock held for deferred compensation.  Shares owned by the trust, which is a separate legal entity, are included in "Treasury stock held for deferred compensation" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Item 6.

Reserved

22


 

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

OVERVIEW

Woodward enhances the global quality of life and sustainability by optimizing energy use through improved efficiency and lower emissions.  We are an independent designer, manufacturer, and service provider of control solutions for the aerospace and industrial markets.  We design, produce and service reliable, efficient, low-emission, and high-performance energy control products for diverse applications in challenging environments.  We have production and assembly facilities primarily in the United States, Europe and Asia, and promote our products and services through our worldwide locations.  

Our strategic focus is providing energy control and optimization solutions for the aerospace and industrial markets.  The precise and efficient control of energy, including motion, fluid, combustion and electrical energy, is a growing requirement in the markets we serve, and we have developed and are executing on strategies to leverage the macro trends of eliminating greenhouse gases, commercializing space, and accelerating the digital age. To facilitate a cleaner, decarbonized world, we are partnering with our customers to enable their equipment to be more efficient, capable of utilizing clean burning fuels, advancing fuel cells, and the integration of renewable power in both commercial and defense operations. Our core technologies leverage well across our markets and customer applications, enabling us to develop and integrate cost-effective and state-of-the-art fuel, combustion, fluid, actuation and electronic systems.  We focus primarily on serving OEMs and equipment packagers, partnering with them to bring superior component and system solutions to their demanding applications.  We also provide aftermarket repair, maintenance, replacement and other service support for our installed products.  

Our components and integrated systems optimize performance of commercial aircraft, defense aircraft, military ground vehicles and other equipment, gas and steam turbines, industrial diesel, gas, bio-diesel and dual-fuel reciprocating engines, and electrical power systems.  Our innovative motion, fluid, combustion and electrical energy control systems help our customers offer more cost-effective, cleaner, and more reliable equipment.  

Management’s discussion and analysis should be read together with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes included in this report.  Dollar and number of share amounts contained in this discussion and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are in thousands, except per share amounts.

COVID-19 Pandemic

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be a global pandemic. The pandemic has led to

significant volatility in financial markets, commodities (including oil and gas) and other markets and industries (including the aviation industry) and has negatively affected the business and results of operations of the Company. As the COVID-19 pandemic progressed, we reacted quickly to navigate the uncertain market environment, reduce our cost structure, increase our focus on operational excellence, and prioritize diligent cash management. The aggressive actions we implemented continue to drive strong cash flow, improve our liquidity and overall financial position, and enable greater investment to organically and inorganically grow our business.

The ongoing rollout of vaccines across many countries is driving optimism for economic recovery, but the enduring turbulence caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, including significantly reduced global passenger travel and new viral variants continue to cloud near-term forecasts. We are unable to predict the extent to which the pandemic and related impacts will continue to adversely affect our business, including our operational performance, results of operations, financial position, and the achievement of our strategic objectives.

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may potentially take further actions to alter our business operations if we determine such actions are in the best interests of our shareholders, employees, customers, communities, business partners, and suppliers, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities. It is not clear what the potential effects any such alterations or modifications may have on our business in future periods, including the effects on the Company's customers, employees, and prospects, or on our financial results.

Divestiture of the Renewables business and related businesses

In fiscal year 2020, Woodward’s board of directors (the “Board”) approved a plan to divest our renewable power systems business, protective relay business, and other businesses within the Industrial segment (collectively, the “disposal group”). The assets of the disposal group were primarily located in Germany, Poland and Bulgaria, and the transactions consummating the sale of the disposal group were completed on April 30, 2020 (the “Closing”). Financial information for the disposal group is reflected in our financial statements prior to the date of Closing.

23


 

BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND TRENDS

We serve the aerospace and industrial markets.  

Aerospace Markets

Our aerospace products and systems are primarily used to provide propulsion, actuation and motion control in both commercial and defense fixed-wing aircraft, rotorcraft, guided weapons, and other defense systems.

Commercial and Civil Aircraft – In the commercial aerospace markets, the global COVID-19 pandemic and associated mitigation efforts had a significant impact on global air traffic in fiscal year 2021, reducing total global passenger air miles flown to nearly one-half of 2019 (pre-COVID) levels.  Commercial aircraft production, which was reduced in fiscal year 2020 in response to the significant decrease in demand from airlines and aircraft manufacturers, stabilized in fiscal year 2021 and has begun to slowly increase.  Reductions in build rates ranging from twenty-five to forty percent of pre-COVID levels were seen in most aircraft models at all aircraft OEMs.  As a result of the decline in demand, governments offered various financial support and stimulus to airlines and aircraft manufactures that, in some cases, incentivized the production of more fuel efficient and lower emission aircraft.  The trend toward the newer generation of aircraft that have recently entered service or are scheduled to go into production over the next several years favors our product offerings because we have more content on those more fuel efficient and lower emission aircraft.  While production levels remain lower than pre-COVID levels, order backlogs have begun to grow with increased new orders and fewer cancellations and deferrals.  We expect production levels to remain stable in the short-term and ramp up over the next few years to reach pre-pandemic levels in fiscal year 2023 due to solid order backlogs for the new aircraft models.  

The business and general aviation market demand was also impacted in fiscal year 2021 as business jet deliveries were down as a resu